Presentation on theme: "THE HISTORY OF FINNISH CINEMA"— Presentation transcript:
1 THE HISTORY OF FINNISH CINEMA Jaakko SeppäläTHE HISTORY OF FINNISH CINEMA
2 The Early Years First film screening in Finland 18.6.1896. First Finnish feature film: The Moonshiners (1907)Themes and characteristics of Finnish cinema:Consumption of alcoholDepictions of natureAdaptations of domestic plays and literatureStrong female charactersMany of the early films were rather local than nationalIn 1916 filmmaking activities were forbidden by the Russian authorities.In these early years 25 fiction films were made and hundreds of short documentary-like films.Fictions films made in this era are considered lost.
6 The Formative YearsNew production companies were being established in the late 1910s.Among them Suomi-Filmi OyFinnish film industry faced a crisisFilm was not recognised as art (heavy taxes)Civil war had divided Finnish people in twoHollywood films dominated national marketsCompanies began to produce distinctively national films.Finnish rural films proved audience favourites.
8 Sound FilmSynchronised sound films have been made in Finland since 1931.Spoken native tongue became an important attraction.In 1937 an average domestic film made seven times as much money as an average imported film.Oy Suomen Filmiteollisuus was established in 1933 and it began to compete with Suomi-Filmi Oy.New genres and film cycles:Military farcesLogroller filmsModern city comediesHistorical patriotic dramas
9 Popular Themes in Hard Times The Winter War (1939–1940)The Continuation War (1941–1944)Finnish film industry was doing well.People craved for escapist entertainment.Every new Finnish film was seen by 10% of the entire population.New film cycle: elaborate costume FilmsRomantic fantasies set in the 19th centuryBiggest stars: Tauno Palo and Ansa Ikonen
11 The End of the Studio Era Problem films as representatives of the post-war era sentimentsThese were also known as syphilis films1950s started with an ascending economic curve for the Finnish film industry.Remakes of old favourites, detective films and ballad films (Finnish musicals)The biggest success: The Unknown Soldier (1955)The film was seen by spectators
13 Changing valuesFinnish cinema faced a crisis in the late 1950s and it deepened in the 1960s.Big production companies suffered the most.New generation of film critics began to criticise the trends and style of the old Finnish cinema.There was a demand for art cinema.The 1960s saw the birth of new kind of Finnish cinema.Finnish new wave was influenced by European art cinemas.New films failed to attract large audiences.Uuno Turhapuro -comedies were smash hits.
15 Vesa-Matti Loiri as Uuno Turhapuro ”Numbscull Emptybrook”
16 Contemporary Finnish Cinema Finnish cinema suffered from lack of spectators throughout the 60s, 70s and 80s.The new wave was short lived.Aki and Mika Kaurismäki began their careers in the early 1980s.Films were favourably received at film festivals.Boom years 1999 and 2000Old genres and representations of past became popular once again (now treated with nostalgia).Internationality mixed with FinnishnessCar chases in Helsinki, Kung-fu in Finnish forests etc.
18 Introductions to Finnish cinema Tytti Soila, ’Finland’ in Tytti Soila, Astrid Söderbergh Widding and Gunnar Iversen, Nordic National Cinemas (London: Routledge, 1998), ppPietari Kääpä (ed.), Directory of World Cinema: Finland (Bristol: Intellect, 2012)Peter Cowie, Finnish Cinema (Helsinki: Suomen Elokuvasäätiö, 1990).