# Financial Statement Analysis

## Presentation on theme: "Financial Statement Analysis"— Presentation transcript:

Financial Statement Analysis
Next Page Click Here Financial Statement Analysis Analytical techniques used to examine relationships among financial statement items Covered here Horizontal analysis (Dollar and percentage changes on statements) Trend analysis Common-size statements (Vertical analysis) Ratios

Next Page Click Here Horizontal Analysis Horizontal analysis shows the changes between years in the financial data in both dollar and percentage form.

Horizontal Analysis (using comparative financial statements)
Next Page Click Here Horizontal Analysis (using comparative financial statements) Calculating Change in Dollar Amounts Dollar Change Current Year Figure Base Year = Calculating Change as a Percentage Percentage Change Dollar Change Base Year Figure 100% = ×

Horizontal Analysis – Balance Sheet
Next Page Click Here Horizontal Analysis – Balance Sheet 20A is the base year \$12,000 – \$23,500 = \$(11,500) (\$11,500 ÷ \$23,500) × 100% = 48.9%

Horizontal Analysis – Income Statement
Next Page Click Here Horizontal Analysis – Income Statement \$520,000 – \$480,000 = \$40,000 \$40,000 ÷ \$480,000) × 100% = 8.3%

Next Page Click Here Trend Analysis Trend percentages state several years’ financial data in terms of a base year, which equals 100 percent. Trend Percentage Current Year Amount Base Year Amount 100% = ×

20C Amounts ÷ 20B Amounts × 100% = trend percentage
Next Page Click Here Trend Analysis The base year is 2002, and its amounts will equal 100%. 20C Amounts ÷ 20B Amounts × 100% = trend percentage ( \$290,000 ÷ \$275,000 ) × 100% = 105% ( \$198,000 ÷ \$190,000 ) × 100% = 104% ( \$ 92,000 ÷ \$ 85,000 ) × 100% = 108%

Next Page Click Here Trend Analysis Trend percentages can be used to construct a graph so the trend over time can be seen.

Common-Size Statements – Vertical Analysis
Next Page Click Here Common-Size Statements – Vertical Analysis Common-size statements use percentages to express the relationship of individual components to a total within a single period. This approach to financial statement analysis is also known as vertical analysis.

Common-Size Statements
Next Page Click Here Common-Size Statements Net sales is usually the base and is expressed as 100%.

Common-Size Statements
Next Page Click Here Common-Size Statements 20B COGS ÷ 20B Net Sales × 100% ( \$360,000 ÷ \$520,000 ) × 100% = 69.2% 20A COGS ÷ 20A Net Sales × 100% ( \$315,000 ÷ \$480,000 ) × 100% = 65.6%