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Developing Business Practice 302LON Plagiarism... and how to avoid it Week 4.

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Presentation on theme: "Developing Business Practice 302LON Plagiarism... and how to avoid it Week 4."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Developing Business Practice 302LON Plagiarism... and how to avoid it Week 4

3 Overview of sessions Week 1Reading for academic success 2Writing for academic success 3Finding and using information 4Plagiarism and how to avoid it 5Putting it all together

4 Know what constitutes plagiarism Be aware of what to look out for in your own work Know about Turnitin and how it is used in plagiarism detection Learn about different ways to avoid plagiarism in your work By the end of this unit...

5 When you pass off the work or the ideas of others as your own What is plagiarism?

6 Is this plagiarism? Find an article online, copy and paste the relevant paragraphs into your assignment. PLAGIARISM

7 Is this plagiarism? Buy an essay from an online essay bank and submit it as your own work PLAGIARISM

8 Is this plagiarism? Find a paper on the Internet in another language and translate it into English and submit as your own PLAGIARISM

9 Is this plagiarism? When working as a group, listening to what everyone else has to say and then using those arguments in your work as your own PLAGIARISM

10 Concealing sources Copy and paste Collusion Misinterpreting common knowledge Self plagiarism What is plagiarism?

11 Concealing sources Not citing and referencing correctly

12 37% of businesses enter their greatest period of growth in their third quarter. Concealing sources

13 37% of businesses enter their greatest period of growth in their third quarter (Chamber of Commerce 2010). Concealing sources

14 37% of businesses enter their greatest period of growth in their third quarter (Chamber of Commerce 2010). Concealing sources

15 Some would argue that the concept of management has fundamentally changed since the introduction of the open office working environment. One study suggests that open offices have erradicated boundaries between employees and their managers. I would disagree. Concealing sources

16 Some would argue that the concept of management has fundamentally changed since the introduction of the open office working environment. One study suggests that open offices have erradicated boundaries between employees and their managers (Yates 2009:78). I would disagree. Concealing sources

17 Some would argue that the concept of management has fundamentally changed since the introduction of the open office working environment. One study suggests that open offices have erradicated boundaries between employees and their managers (Yates 2009:78). I would disagree. Concealing sources

18 Concealing sources: example Paper based process change systems that are implemented by sequential review by relevant departments are inefficient and slow. Only one person can review the change documentation at a time and the review cycle can be stopped by bottlenecks.

19 Concealing sources: example Paper based process change systems that are implemented by sequential review by relevant departments are inefficient and slow (Carrubba and Gordon 1988:67, Cavasin 1986:72 and Hill 1993:8). Only one person can review the change documentation at a time and the review cycle can be stopped by bottlenecks.

20 Concealing sources: example Paper based process change systems that are implemented by sequential review by relevant departments are inefficient and slow (Carrubba and Gordon 1988:67, Cavasin 1986:72 and Hill 1993:8). Only one person can review the change documentation at a time and the review cycle can be stopped by bottlenecks.

21 Where you have used another persons work, words or ideas, make sure you include a citation within the text Make sure it is clear which ideas are yours and which ideas are from other sources. Even if this is in the next paragraph, cite your source! So how can I avoid it?

22 Collusion Taking credit for someone elses work

23 Collusion Ive had an AMAZING idea... Good idea... I want to use that in my essay... Ooooh, excellent idea...!

24 Collusion

25 Copying... PLAGIARISM

26 Make sure you acknowledge other students ideas in your assignments In group work, it might be an idea to take notes/minutes Do not share your work when you know it may be used inappropriately So how can I avoid it?

27 Copy and paste Copying another source word for word into your own work

28 Copy and paste: example This paper is considering the process of a change proposal. A typical change proposal gives all interested reviewers the opportunity to support or reject the proposal as it progresses through proposed, approved, rejected, or authorised stages. After the change proposal has been accepted it goes on to the next step which determines what should be done to address the requested problem or enhancement.

29 Copy and paste: example This paper is considering the process of a change proposal. A typical change proposal gives all interested reviewers the opportunity to support or reject the proposal as it progresses through proposed, approved, rejected, or authorised stages. After the change proposal has been accepted it goes on to the next step which determines what should be done to address the requested problem or enhancement.

30 Dont copy and paste! Not good practice Paraphrase ideas If you do copy verbatim – include quotation marks and ALWAYS acknowledge your sources Try and DO something with the information, dont rely heavily on quotes. So how can I avoid it?

31 Copy and paste: example This paper is considering the process of a change proposal. A typical change proposal gives all interested reviewers the opportunity to support or reject the proposal as it progresses through proposed, approved, rejected, or authorised stages. After the change proposal has been accepted it goes on to the next step which determines what should be done to address the requested problem or enhancement.

32 Copy and paste: example This paper is considering the process of a change proposal. Kidd and Thompson outline the usual method of change proposal as one that gives all interested reviewers the opportunity to support or reject the proposal as it progresses through proposed, approved, rejected, or authorised stages. Once this process has been completed, the process moves to the next stage which determines what should be done to address the requested problem or enhancement. (Kidd and Thompson 2000: 25)

33 Assuming common knowledge You do not have to cite common knowledge...but if in doubt, cite!

34 Self plagiarism Recycling assignments, resubmitting previous work

35 Each assignment should be unique Previous assignments are stored on Turnitin If you do quote previous work, then cite yourself Do not resubmit an entire piece of work So how can I avoid it?

36 Plagiarism detection software Finds similar material and highlights it to the marker Produces a similarity report which gives an indication of original content Turnitin

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39 Individual pieces of work Responsible use of other sources Only refer to studies/articles you have read What do we expect?

40 Quoting Paraphrasing Correct citing and referencing Avoiding plagiarism

41 Words exactly as in the original In quotation marks Also remember citation! Quoting This text was in another article and is a good example of leadership. (Davies 2009: 7)

42 Includes memorable phrase, key words or perhaps a definition EXACTLY as in the source Always use quotation marks and citation Quoting

43 Put idea into your own words Not just switching words Capture the meaning You still need to include a citation Paraphrasing

44 There are many schools of management thinking. At one level, they can be broadly categorised as either academic or popularist. There was a time when academic thinking was based on the work of a few key individuals whose theories have been proved through limited trials. The application of psychology and other sciences to management actions has results in the wide literature that was referred to in chapter 1, ranging from soundly based theory to more speculative journalism. Paraphrasing, quoting and citing Maylor, H. (2010) Project Management, 4 th Ed. Harlow: Pearson Education – from page 18

45 Management thinking is influenced by many areas of expertise. The worlds of academia, psychology and science have all shaped different ways of thinking with varying degrees of reliability, from soundly based theory to more speculative journalism (Maylor 2010:18). Paraphrasing, quoting and citing

46 Download from Moodle

47 Citation and reference – CU Harvard style In-text citation + Reference

48 Authors surname and year of publication in the text, and a page number if appropriate, within the body of the text (Davies 2007:38) Reference list of these citations at the end of the work, alphabetical by author Citation and reference – CU Harvard style

49 Citing Davies2010:117 AuthorYear ) ( Page number

50 It has been highlighted that the implementation of these theories was successful (Black 2009:9) Black argues that it is not necessary to look to deeply into the results given the failure of the company (2009:10). Citing example

51 A recent report looking to the idea of raising healthcare standards (NHS 2010) Summarising a whole book or article

52 A fairly comprehensive survey of the research was made (White 2008: 20-23) Summarising a few pages?

53 List at end of work Alphabetical by author Includes all the information needed to locate the item Very specific way of presenting your reference Reference list

54 Reinders, H., Moore, N. And Lewis, M. (2008) The International Student Handbook. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan Dhillon, B. (2004) Should Doctors Wear Ties? Medical Monthly [online] 3 (1), available from [20 April 2006] Examples

55 Websites Reports Statistics See the Coventry University Harvard Citing and Referencing Guide There are set ways to present all sorts of different formats:

56 In this Knowledgecast, we have: Looked at what constitutes plagiarism Looked at what we should look out for in own work Discussed Turnitin and how it is used in plagiarism detection Learned about different ways to avoid plagiarism in your work Knowledgecast Summary

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