# How to TOP with minimum study?

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How to TOP with minimum study?
By Pravin Kolhe, Executive Engineer, Water Resources Department, Government of Maharashtra 2nd July 2013.

How to TOP with minimum study? How to TOP with Optimum study?
Its wrong question… Correct question is… How to TOP with Optimum study? “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

How to TOP with Optimum study?
What is difference between “Minimum” and “Optimum”? Consider a graph as shown here. On X-axis= Input (Study Efforts) On Y-axis= Output (Result) Study-Result curve looks like this. Study-Result curve Output (Result) Input (Study Efforts) “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

How to TOP with Optimum study?
Minimum Study Efforts results Minimum Output. Maximum Study results Average Output due to stress, poor health condition & lack of concentration. Optimum Study results Maximum Output. You have to search for optimum study input, which varies from person to person. Output (Result) Study-Result curve Study-Result curve Max Avg Min Min Optimum Max Input (Study Efforts) “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

What is success? SUCCESS …is not always what you see ! …is going from failure to failure without loss of enthusiasm. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Formula for success Success= (Intelligence) × (Hard work) × (Attitude)
Would you like me to give you a formula for success? It is quite Simple. Double your rate of failure. -Thomas Watson “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Formula for success Contd…
Success is not an accident; it is result of positive attitude and hard work. To achieve a unit degree of success you must have all there ingredients. i.e. Intelligence, Hard work and Attitude. Absence of any one of them will not result in success. (Remember it is product term) Fall in one ingredient can be compensated by increase in other. e.g.: limitation of intelligence can be overcome by hard work. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

3 Ingredients of SUCCESS
1 Intelligence 2 Hard Work 3 Attitude “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

1. Intelligence Intelligence is the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills. Extra-ordinary talent is not always necessary for success. With ordinary talent and extraordinary consistency, any thing is achievable in life. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

2. HARD WORK शांततेच्या काळात घाम गाळल्यास, युध्दाच्या वेळी रक्त सांडण्याची वेळ येत नाही. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

2. HARD WORK CONTD… Hard Work beats talent when talent fails to Work Hard. The Dictionary is the only place that success comes before work. Hard work is the price we must pay for success. There are no shortcuts to any place worth going. Remember that the finest steel has to pass through fire to become the best. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Modified Formula for success
(Intelligence) x (Hard work) x (Attitude) ×(1+ ‘Smartness’) Lets add one more term in above formula for success i.e. (1+Smartness). If you are one unit smart, your success will be twice, on the other hand, if you are not smart, then success will be one unit. Higher the smartness, higher will be the success. Success is highly dependent on smartness. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

WHAT IS SMARTNESS…? Common Sense Vision Discipline. Team Work Courage to Face Challenges Good Health Do Not Reinvest Wheel. Get it Right first time. Time management. Computer/Internet skills. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

SMARTNESS: Common Sense

SMARTNESS: Vision It is a art of seeing things that are invisible to others. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

SMARTNESS: Discipline

SMARTNESS: Courage to face challenges

SMARTNESS: Good Health

SMARTNESS: Do not reinvest wheel
“Do Not Reinvent the Wheel” tells people not to do work that has already been done by somebody else. In open life environment, it is waste of resources. Learn from Others, so that you saves time in experimentation. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

SMARTNESS: Get it right first time
Don't do rough drafts, just do the good copy straight away, but thoroughly as well. In an exam situation you won't have time to write out a whole draft copy, so practice writing out good copies straight away. Make sure the good copy is neat, punctuation and spelling are correct, and the information makes sense. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

SMARTNESS: TIME MANAGEMENT
Time is not money. It is more precious than Money. Money can be stored; time cannot. Set SMART Goals (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-based) Prioritize Goals 4D (Do the urgent, Delegate to others, Delay non-urgent, Delete Non-value added) Learn to say ‘NO’ :- You can’t do everything. Don’t undertake things you can’t complete. Remain consistent to your primary goals. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

SMARTNESS: TIME MANAGEMENT
Use your waiting time in productive way, say reading. Identify & list time wasting culprits and eliminate them. Do have your personal prime time:- (Morning/Evening/Night). Review your goals. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

SMARTNESS: COMPUTER/Internet Skills

1st step for success: THINK/Imagine
You can’t always control circumstances. But you can control your thoughts. -Charles Popplestone Imagination is more important than Knowledge -Albert Einstein. You are limited only by your imagination. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

2nd step for success: WRITE/SPEAK
The words you consistently select will shape your destiny. -Anthony Robbins The secret of happiness is to count your blessings while others are adding up their troubles -William Penn “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

3rd step for success: act
Heaven Helps Those Who Acts. The only way to escape from the prison of fear is action. -Joe Tye Nothing in life is to be feared. It is only to be understood. -Marie Curie “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Stair method of goal achievement
Consider a Stair-case. You are at bottom. Set a small goal at first step. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Stair method of goal achievement
Work Hard and get it done. This will give U lot of confidence. Make a habit of celebrating every success. Then set next higher goal and get it done. Proceed in this way. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Stair method of goal achievement
Go step by step. Never jump directly…! Because if you fails, you will come back to first step. Don’t forget Ultimate Aim, which should be achieved with incremental addition. Remember: Not failure, but Low Aim Is Crime. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

STUDY ACTIVITIES Notes Revision Tips for Examination
Planning for Study Selection of Reference Books Organizing Syllabus Strategy for Study Listening Skills Reading Skills Notes Revision Tips for Examination Tips for Career Planning Overcome fear of Failure. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

PLANNING… If you fail to plan, You plan to fail…!

PLANNING… Some persons spend their days in study, but achieve very little success, because they neglect planning. Consider your abilities and limitations while planning. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

PLANNING… People generally overestimate themselves. Initially you may fail, but after some time, planning will become your habit. Remember: Planning is not only required during study, it is lifetime activity & it needs periodical updating. Types of Planning:- Long term: Prepare plan for the whole semester for complete syllabus. Short term: Plan for a week and for each topic. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

3 steps of PLANNING… 3 basic questions & 3 steps of planning:-
Why >> Define Objective How & When >> Create Roadmap Who >> Act and Update Plan:- 1) Define Objective:- (WHY?) What you want to achieve? Write it down on paper. e.g.:- “To Top XYZ Exam by studying 6 months” “Achieve 85% Marks in ABC Exam” “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

3 steps of PLANNING… 2) Create Roadmap:- (HOW & WHEN?)
Take copy of syllabus and previous years question papers. From question paper find the important topics and chapters for each subject & list them. List the days in your hand. Deduct the days for non-study activities (if any). Reduce the days by 10% for Revision 10% for depression to arrive at net days. Now, calculate the number of days that can be allotted to each subject, by considering your interest, understanding and difficult nature of subject. For e.g.: Easy Subject = Less Time; Difficult/New Subject = More Time and so on. Prepare a calendar the Long Term Study Planning and keep it with you. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

3 steps of PLANNING… 3) Act and Update Plan:-
Start acting Update the Study Calendar every week, depending upon your progress. Update the Study Calendar every week, depending upon your progress. Even though you are not able to complete the planned syllabus in scheduled period, don’t worry, we have buffer of 20% time. But don’t rely on that too much. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Frustration and depression
Plan Your activities… The activities of life are shown here. Frustration is integral part of life. Don’t worry…! Try to come out of that. As time is limited, take ‘smart’ decisions and make sacrifices. It will pay you back. Remember ‘No Free Lunch’ . Whatever you get in life has price tag attached with it. Be ready to pay the price and never expect free. College Study Sleeping Social Activities Frustration and depression “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Reference books… Selection of books should be done with proper care , since Ur success heavily depends on it. Market is flooded with books. So follow only those books in which you are comfortable in understanding the fundamentals It is better to solve/read a book twice rather than two books once. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Reference books… Never take a book without pen/pencil in other hand.
Write what U understand/not understand on that page. It will help U in next revision. Use Ur own books. Don’t write on Library books. Search on internet to know the best books in a given subject. Also visit: youtube, slideshare, NPTEL, Coursera… “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

RESOURCES… How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe downloaded from

Organization of syllabus.
Go through Complete Syllabus. Go through previous years question papers. Identify “Important” & “Urgent” topics. IMPORTANT:- From exam point of view URGENT:- From daily learning point of view. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Organization of syllabus.
Divide whole syllabus in to four parts as- Q1 Important & Urgent Q2 Important but Not Urgent Q3 Not Important but Urgent Q4 Neither Important Nor Urgent “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Strategy for study Q1:- 50 % time Q2:- 20% time Q3:- 20% time
Neither Imp nor Urgent Imp & Urgent Not Imp, but Urgent Imp but not Urgent Q1:- 50 % time Q2:- 20% time Q3:- 20% time Q4:- 10% time “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Strategy for study It is not necessary and possible also… to command whole syllabus. Before going to lecture, read the topics to be covered in class. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

LISTENING SKILLS Definition of Listening:-
Listening is the process of receiving, constructing meaning from, and responding to spoken and/or non-verbal messages. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Hearing Vs. Listening Hearing Listening
Do you think there is a difference between hearing and listening? Hearing Listening Simply the act of perceiving sound by the ear Is something you consciously choose to do; requires concentration Physiological Process (physical) Psychological Process (physical + mental) Passive Active Natural Process Learned Process; A skill “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Communication facts Listening: Learned first, Used most (45%), Taught least. Speaking: Learned second, Used next most (30%), Taught next least. Reading: Learned third, Used next least (16%), Taught next most Writing: Learned fourth, Used Least (9%), Taught most. Truth is:-Most individuals are inefficient listeners !!! “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Process of Listening Receiving Understanding Remembering Evaluating

STEPS for effective listening
Concentration:- Speed of Talking : 125 words per minute. Speed of Thinking : >1200 words per minute Thus, Speech happens at about 10% of your mind’s capacity. Effective Listening depends on utilisation of rest 90% processing by concentration. Demonstrate you are paying attention to what is being said by providing feedback through nodding your head. Pay attention to what isn't said—to feelings, facial expressions, gestures, posture and other nonverbal cues. Listen to words and try to picture what the speaker is saying. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

STEPS for effective listening
Stop talking! You cannot listen while talking. Avoiding distractions or at least controlling them. Face the speaker and maintain eye contact. Judge content, not delivery; Find areas of interest. Keep your mind open; Be attentive, but relaxed. Ask questions only to ensure understanding. Wait for the speaker to pause to ask clarifying questions. Don’t interrupt and don’t impose your “solutions” “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Notes… Use you own notes, don’t copy from others.
Make a habit to take notes in class and during self study. 1st Version : 10 pages/chapter 2nd Version : 3 pages/chapter 3rd Version : ½ page/chapter : 2 pages per Subject Zip and unzip procedure. Keep you notes and books with you…forever. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Notes… http://www.pravinkolhe.com/cenotes.html
Before going to exam, close all the books and have a look on final notes. Notes on a 1-2 pages will be helpful in competitive exams when there are continuous exams, and little time for revision. My notes are available for your reference at- “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

When & what to study ? When you feel fresh & energetic (morning): Start with theory and new topics When you are tired, (evening): Problems and revision. Have a look on syllabus at the start of semester. Don’t have habit of studying on bed. Use table-chair. Remember…! Don’t have a mentality that firstly I will complete theory and then problems. Both should be done simultaneously. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Close your eyes and try to recollect whatever you had studied. Do this very systematically, step-by-step and gradually. When you stuck, open your notes and look. NEVER try to remember a particular numerical problem. Plan out 'trial' exams for yourself with strict time limit. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Class Review Brief Review in class:- Group Study:-
Immediately after class. Just before start of the class. Group Study:- Help Others, share with others. In long term, getters don’t get& givers get. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

During examination… You must concentrate on your task irrespective of what is going around. Read instructions carefully before attempting any question. Remember: ‘Attempt only Question No. 20’ story… In case of objective exams with negative marks, don’t mark unsure answers. Plan & prepare timetable for study during examination period & follow it. Before going to exam, don’t talk with negative minded persons. Between two exams, don’t discuss question paper of previous exam. You must be mentally tough. Be bold & confident. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Selection of questions

Selection of questions
If you're stuck on one question, move on to another question then come back to the difficult one later. I know the above given tips are very minute. But remember nobody falls from a hill, everyone slips from a small stone. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

“How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe

Be a diamond..! Exam ke kuch din pehale frustration ho jata hain… Kya kare? Don’t worry…Its natural…! Remember: A piece of coal perform well under temperature and pressure, known as ‘Diamond’. No pressure; no diamonds. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

SUCCESS LADDER At the bottom of success ladder, there is only crowd; at upper part there is a competition. Always remain in upper part. U should be strong to handle these tension. You can get everything in life that you want, if you help others to get what they want. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Definitions of degree-
Graduation:- I know everything Post Graduation:- I know something PhD: I know NOTHING & I want to learn. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

You are creator of your life

Which Field should I join?
Just ask one question to Ur mind- What U want to be after 10 years from now? Consider Ur capabilities and limitations…! Don’t underestimate or Overestimate Ur self. Ur answer will be Ur career Remember: GOD has created very honorable place for everybody. Your job is just to search it. Unfortunately most people don’t approach in right path. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Line of sight Broad vision Be inspired from others
Ur ultimate aim Broad vision Be inspired from others Interact with others When U achieve success, U will face challenge and again U have to achieve success. Line of sight Ur initial aim C B A U “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Every success story is Also a story of great failure
A man who failed in business at the age of 21, defeated in a legislative race at age 22; failed again in business at age 24; overcame the death of his sweetheart at age 26; had a nervous breakdown at age 27; lost a congressional race at age 34; lost a senatorial race at age 45; failed in an effort to become vice-president at age 47; lost a senatorial race at age 49; “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

Every success story is Also a story of great failure
and was elected as president of the United States at age 52. This man was Abraham Lincoln. Would you call him a failure? It takes both rain and sunshine to create a rainbow, same way, it takes failure and success to create victory. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

My story FE (1999-2000) : Ex…! (Year Down) FE (2000-2001) : All clear
SE ( ) : Class Topper TE ( ) : College Topper BE ( ) : University Topper GATE (2005) : Top 5% in India IITK ( ) : Second Topper “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

My story… 2007:- MPSC Engineering Service Exam (1st in Maharashtra)
Distance Learning:- 2010:- Diploma in Management 2011:- Post Graduate Diploma in Management. 2011:- Post Graduate Diploma in Participatory Management of Displacement, Resettlement and Rehabilitation 2012:- Post Graduate Diploma in Financial Management Government Sponsored:- 2013:- Executive Post Graduate Programme in e-Governance at IIM Indore (Pursuing) “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

My story It is possible only because of positive attitude and self confidence. Excellence is a journey; not destination. There are thousands way to achieve your goal; but you have to choose optimum way. Remember: Everything is possible in life. you should have courage to do things. Believe your’self and one day you will be at TOP. “How to Top with Minimum Study” © Pravin Kolhe. PPT downloaded from

NEVER GIVE UP… How to Top with Minimum Study, by Pravin Kolhe downloaded from

Contact me www.pravinkolhe.com Email:- pravinkolhe82@gmail.com
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THANK YOU Wish you all the best.