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Tom Mahan For the BUSC 5/18/12 Flying the F-104 Starfighter around the World.

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Presentation on theme: "Tom Mahan For the BUSC 5/18/12 Flying the F-104 Starfighter around the World."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tom Mahan For the BUSC 5/18/12 Flying the F-104 Starfighter around the World

2 The World-Wide Family of Starfighters The World-Wide Family of Starfighters Brief History – Era Deterrence & Combat Brief History – Era Deterrence & Combat Europe, Pakistan, Taiwan & Viet Nam Europe, Pakistan, Taiwan & Viet Nam Global Operations – 66 – 71 Global Operations – 66 – 71 Arizona – Combat Crew Training German AF Arizona – Combat Crew Training German AF Europe – Exchange Duty with the GAF Europe – Exchange Duty with the GAF Southeast Asia – Combat over NVN & Laos Southeast Asia – Combat over NVN & Laos Areas of Operations Areas of Operations Tactics Tactics F-104 Starfighter Overview My perspective of the F-104 –>

3 The World-Wide Family of Starfighters

4 Lockheed F-104 Starfighter Dutch F-104G

5 In Service – 2003 (45 Years) United States Belgium Canada Republic of China Denmark Germany Greece Italy Japan Jordan Netherlands Norway Pakistan Spain Turkey Starfighter World-Wide Operations 2575 Total with 15 Variants by 15 Countries

6 Starfighter System Effectiveness (Future Fighter Requirements Development )

7 Starfighter History – Folklore vs. Performance Skeptics: The F-104 couldnt turn tightly, was short-ranged, couldnt carry a load & not an all-weather interceptor That depended – tactics, pilots, logistics………. You go into a conflict with what you have…. Key to Value was the era – at IOC of 1958 the Starfighter was the only supersonic air-to-air fighter in the USAF F-102 F-106 Development both were behind schedule F-4 adaptation from the USN needed time Allies needed a supersonic counter to the evolving MiG-21 Filled the tactical gap until the mid-60s when: F-102 / F-106 could take over CONUS Air Defense F-4C could take over Air-to-Air/Air-to-Ground world-wide Continued to serve our Allies deterrent needs The Starfighter was a very effective system for its time. It served our Nation & our Allies well.

8 Berlin Crisis West Germany East Germany Ramstein AB Mach = 2.0 Air Corridors June 1961 Khrushchev threatens Kennedy - Vienna August 13, 1961 The wall goes up November, ANG F-104A arrive in Europe Mission - Deterrence

9 PAK F-104 Starfighters vs. Indian AF 1965 & 1971 Gnat 65 Incident 71 MiG-21 vs. F F-104 Recce Sortie

10 Taiwan Straits F-104A F-104G "4421"F-104G "4371" ROCAF F-104 Fleet F-104Gs in Sea Camo China Taiwan QUEMOY (AKA: KINMEN) 13 January ROCAF F-104G vs. 8 PLAAF* MIG-19 Losses: 1 Zipper on RTB vs. 2 MIGs shot down * PLAAF - People's Liberation Army Air Force

11 Starfighter Operations – Luke AFB, AZ – – 1983 (19 Years) 1,868 Pilots trained 235,000 flying hrs.

12 Starfighter Operations – Memmingen AB, GE – 69-71

13 QRA Facility Starfighter Operations -- Memmingen AB, GE – 69-71

14 Starfighter Operations – Da Nang, Viet Nam – 65 April November ,937 combat sorties

15 Starfighter Operations – Udorn RTAFB – 66-67

16 Starfighter Warriors – Udorn RTAFB – 66

17 Starfighter Missions in Viet Nam Close Air Support (CAS) Close Escort - High Value Assets MIG Combat Air Patrol (MIGCAP) Strike Force Escort

18 1 - Udon Thani, Thailand 2 – Đà Nang, Vietnam 3 - Hanoi, Vietnam 4 - Ban Sèn Kôm, Laos SEASIA Big Picture – 66-67

19 FRAG Order - support A-1Es & Lima Sites – interdict supplies Command & Control – Brigham (radar) following to FAC. Varying Ordnance Two 750 lb. General Purpose Napalm 2.75 Rockets 725 Rounds of 20 mm. ResCAPs – Post-deliveries available to keep MIGs from rescue operations Close Air Support (CAS) Udorn RTAFB Ubon RTAFB Takhli RTAFB Korat RTAFB

20 Air-to-Air Combat but first....High-Speed Considerations

21 Terminology Corner Speed – the speed at which you fly theQuickest – Tightest turnCorner Speed – the speed at which you fly theQuickest – Tightest turn Slowest speed at which the aircraft can pull the max allowable G.Slowest speed at which the aircraft can pull the max allowable G. Starfighter => 450 KIAS / 7.33 GsStarfighter => 450 KIAS / 7.33 Gs Fluid Two – Two fighters spread feet laterally & vertically.Fluid Two – Two fighters spread feet laterally & vertically. Slashing Attacks – High deflection Cannon shots with minimum risk of being shot downSlashing Attacks – High deflection Cannon shots with minimum risk of being shot down

22 VID + High-Speed Deflection Shot – M-61 20mm Cannon Fluid Two Formation Attack Close at Mach 1.2 for the Visual ID Slow / Maneuver for High Deflection Shot Min of 450 KIAS

23 High Energy Straight-lines and Hooks – Vertical Maneuvering High Deflection Gun Shot Min of 450 KIAS Quick Reversal & Accelerate & Separate W/ Turning Room - Vertical Pitch-Back Minimum of Corner Speed – 450 KIAS Accelerate to Mach 1.2 Reattack with missiles or Cannon Accelerate to Mach 1.2 & separate from the Fight

24 Escort Airborne Command & Control Center (EC-121D) Mission: Deter MIGS from ABCCC & Assist Strike Force Assets MIG Warnings by Ethan Alpha, Bravo or Charlie Challenging Profiles – Speeds, Equipment & the Environments Multiple refuelings College Eye Udorn RTAFB Ubon RTAFB Takhli RTAFB Korat RTAFB Brown Anchor Red Anchor Ethan Bravo/Charlie Ethan Alpha

25 FRAG Order coordinated with the USN Command & Control – Ethan Alpha, Bravo or Charlie (EC-121) or Destroyer (Red Crown) Hot vectors to Deter & Assist Other Sorties Visual ROE Multi-Bogie Environment Fluid Two (Two-Ship) tactics Multiple KC-135 Air-Air Refuelings -> Long missions ResCAPs – Deter MIGs from rescue operations MiG Combat Air Patrol (CAP) Udorn RTAFB Ubon RTAFB Takhli RTAFB Korat RTAFB Brown Anchor Red Anchor

26 Starfighter MiG CAP Engagement – Fall of 66 Red Anchor F-104 CAP Red Crown

27 Starfighter MiG CAP Engagement – Fall of 66 Red Anchor F-104 CAP Red Crown

28 Starfighter MiG CAP Engagement – Fall of 66 Red Anchor F-104 CAP Red Crown

29 Coordinated FRAG Orders with the USN Pre- and Post-Strike refueling Rendezvous on the Tanker Strike Integration - 40 fighter- bombers Escort to the Black / Delay turn / Pick-Up off the target / Cover Egress Rescue CAPs – keep MIGs away from rescue operations Operation Bolo – 1/2/67 – Ruse tactics w/ Jamming package 7 MiG-21s confirmed destroyed, 2 MiG-21s probably Strike Force Escort – F-105s & F-4s over North Viet Nam Udorn RTAFB Ubon RTAFB Takhli RTAFB Korat RTAFB Brown Anchor Red Anchor Green Anchor Ethan Bravo/Charlie

30 Strike Force Escort Tactics – F-105s over North Viet Nam Ethan Bravo/Charlie Red Anchor

31 Strike Force Escort Tactics – F-105s over North Viet Nam Ethan Bravo/Charlie Red Anchor

32 Strike Force Escort Tactics – F-105s over North Viet Nam Ethan Bravo/Charlie Red Anchor

33 The Starfighter was a very effective system.The Starfighter was a very effective system. It served our Nation & our Allies well.It served our Nation & our Allies well. It identified requirements for future air-air systems.It identified requirements for future air-air systems. Summary

34 Starfighter Operations around the World

35 Back-Up

36 Starfighter Specifications (F-104G) PropulsionGeneral Electric / MTU J79-GE-11A / J79-J1K Power 10,678 (dry) / 15,939 (AB) lbf Speed1323 kts( ,000 ft. Service Ceiling50,000 ft Range648 NM(746 mi.) Empty Weight13,995 lbs Max. Takeoff Weight29,762 lbs Wing Span21.9 (24,7) ft Wing Area196 ft² Length54.8 ft. Height13.5 ft. Gun:M-61 Vulcan cannon six-barrel, 725 rds 4-6 K/min Armament:4K lbs – under the wings, two AIM-9 Sidewinders on tips. Some versions – two AIM-9s on external pylon or fuselage. UsersUnited States, Belgium, Canada, Republic of China, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Spain & Turkey First Flight4/03/54 Initial Operational Capability2/20/58 Production Range (43 years) Total Production2576 Last Fleet Retired2004 (Italy) (45 years) Unit costUS$ 1.42 m VariantsF-104A, F-104B, F-104C, F-104D, F-104DJ, F-104F, F-104G, RF-104G, TF-104G, F-104J, F-104S, F-104S-ASA, F-104S-ASA/M, CF-104 and CF-104D

37 Starfighter Effectiveness – Air-to-Air Deterrence Berlin Crisis – 61 11/61 – 6/62 – 60 A-Models operated in theater supporting President Kennedys counter to the Soviet Unions attempt to cut off Berlin. Quick reactions with Mach 2 runs along the border. Pakistan – War of 65 9/3/65 – Three days before the 65 war between India & Pakistan started, a disoriented Gnat was intimidated by a PAF Starfighter. The Gnat pilot lowered his gear, landed nearby, was escorted to the Officers Mess and became the first POW of the war – House arrest in the BOQ. 9/6/65 – (1 st day of the war) Four Mysteres were bombing and rocketing a stationary train in Pakistan. Two PAF Starfighters vectored to attack. The lead Starfighter blew through the attack group, scattered them and caused them to abort back to India. Lead downed one and damaged another with AIM-9Bs. Viet Nam – Da Nang - 65 & Udorn – /19//65 – 11/21/65 – 479 th F-104Cs sent to Da Nang to counter the subsonic Mig threat. Migs quit flying and the Starfighters turned to Air-to-Ground sorties before redeploying to CONUS. 6/6/66 – 7/19/67 – 479 th F-104Cs sent back to Udorn RTAFB to help F-4Cs counter the new MiG-21 threat. Migs started avoiding direct attacks and flew mostly when USAF forces were not in the area. Several engagements were broken off by the MiGs when the Starfighters or F-4Cs were vectored into the fight. Starfighters flew Air-to-Ground missions between Mig CAPs and Strike Force escorts. Taiwan Straits Conflict – 67 1/13/67 – Four Republic of China (Taiwan) Air Force F-104G aircraft engaged a formation of 12 MiG- 19s of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force over the disputed island of Kinmen. ROCAF pilots downed two MiG-19s and broke up the air defense of the island.

38 Evolved Starfighter Force Structure CONUS US Air Defense Gap Filler Day, quick interceptions of Soviet Bombers Gap-filler for the F-102 / F-106 Adapted to meet early defense capabilities of Jordan and Pakistan World-Wide Fighter Force – 2576 total Multi-role, with NATO nuclear capabilities Modernized by the Italians – state-of-the-art sensors & ordnance Deterrence & multi-mission national needs of 15 nations Starfighter Force met the Deterrence & Multi-mission National Defense Needs of 15 nations

39 Starfighter Operations – Memmingen AB, GE – 69-71

40

41 Starfighter 100 Hour Club – Udorn – December 66 Months Total Combat – 506 Sorties

42 Bullet-Proof & Invisible – Udorn RTAFB – 66

43 Starfighter Areas of Operations

44 Starfighter Production Summary – 2575 Total TypeLockheed Multi- nationalCanadairFiatFokkerMBB Messers chmittMitsubishiSABCATotal XF YF-104A17 F-104A153 F-104B26 F-104C77 F-104D21 F-104DJ20 CF CF-104D38 F-104F30 F-104G RF-104G TF-104G (583C to F) TF-104G (583G and H)21 F-104J F-104S245 Total by manufacturer Note: Production summary, data taken from Bowman, Lockheed F-104 Starfighter.

45 Starfighter Cockpit

46 Tom Mahan Flying the F-104 Starfighter around the World


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