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The U.S. in the Pacific 1943-45. Jan.-Sept. 1944: MacArthurs forces keep jumping up the New Guinea coast.

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Presentation on theme: "The U.S. in the Pacific 1943-45. Jan.-Sept. 1944: MacArthurs forces keep jumping up the New Guinea coast."— Presentation transcript:

1 The U.S. in the Pacific 1943-45

2 Jan.-Sept. 1944: MacArthurs forces keep jumping up the New Guinea coast

3 New command arrangement in the Central Pacific, mid-1944 3 rd Fleet: 3 rd Fleet: William F. Halsey, Jr. 5 th Fleet: 5 th Fleet: Raymond A. Spruance

4 Navy builds an advanced supply, maintenance, and repair system it floats it floats also uses rapidly constructed bases also uses rapidly constructed bases

5 Navy advances in the Central Pacific

6 November 1943: The Gilbert Islands Makin and Tarawa Atolls attacked Makin and Tarawa Atolls attacked Key position at Tarawa – Betio Island Key position at Tarawa – Betio Island

7 Bloody fight at Tarawa

8 Improved Performance: Marshall Islands, Jan. - Feb. 1944 Kwajalein Atoll Kwajalein Atoll Bombardment of Truk Bombardment of Truk Eniwetok Atoll Eniwetok Atoll

9 Next Objective: The Marianas Islands Saipan, Tinian, & Guam captured Saipan, Tinian, & Guam captured

10 The Japanese navy comes out to fight… Results in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, June 19-20, 1944 Results in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, June 19-20, 1944

11 …and loses its naval air power The Great Marianas Turkey Shoot The Great Marianas Turkey Shoot

12 Saipan, June-July 1944

13 Next stop: The Philippines

14 Harbinger of future combat: Peleliu: Peleliu: Sept. 15 – Oct. 15 Casualties U.S.: 9,600 Casualties U.S.: 9,600 Japanese: 10,900

15 Battle of Leyte Gulf, Oct. 23-26, 1944 Biggest naval battle in history. Biggest naval battle in history. Results in destruction of the Japanese fleet Results in destruction of the Japanese fleet First use of kamikaze attacks First use of kamikaze attacks

16 MacArthur Returns… U.S. forces land at Leyte, Oct. 20, 1944 U.S. forces land at Leyte, Oct. 20, 1944

17 …and spends the rest of the war liberating the Philippines* Leyte secured by end of 1944 Leyte secured by end of 1944 Luzon – invaded January 1945: Luzon – invaded January 1945: Manila captured: Feb.- March, 1945 Manila captured: Feb.- March, 1945 Most of island secured by mid-summer Most of island secured by mid-summer Japanese resist under surrender in August 1945 Japanese resist under surrender in August 1945

18 Growing kamikaze danger: Luzon, Jan. 4-15, 1945 U.S. Navy suffers 2,100 casualties U.S. Navy suffers 2,100 casualties 5 ships sunk; 18 severely damaged 5 ships sunk; 18 severely damaged

19 Success: U.S. subs against Japan Sink 2.3 million tons of Japanese shipping in 1944. Sink 2.3 million tons of Japanese shipping in 1944. Japanese oil tanker fleet: shrinks from 700,000 to 300,000 tons. Japanese oil tanker fleet: shrinks from 700,000 to 300,000 tons. Only 10% of oil produced in Southeast Asia on 1944-45 reaches Japanese home islands. Only 10% of oil produced in Southeast Asia on 1944-45 reaches Japanese home islands.

20 Disappointment: China Chinese Nationalists dont fight Japanese. Chinese Nationalists dont fight Japanese. Operation MATTERHORN: attempt to use China for bomber bases: Operation MATTERHORN: attempt to use China for bomber bases: Logistical difficulties. Logistical difficulties. Japanese launch mainland offensive that pushes back bases. Japanese launch mainland offensive that pushes back bases. Navy captures Pacific bases that are better for bombing Japan. Navy captures Pacific bases that are better for bombing Japan.

21 The Final Campaigns: Iwo Jima & Okinawa

22 Iwo Jima: Feb. 19 – March 26, 1945

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24 Images of Iwo Jima

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26 Okinawa: April 1 – June 21, 1945

27 Carnage on Land U.S.: almost 40,000 combat casualties U.S.: almost 40,000 combat casualties 7,600 KIA 7,600 KIA 32,000 wounded 32,000 wounded + 26,000 dead from disease/accidents + 26,000 dead from disease/accidents Japanese: Japanese: 100,000 soldiers killed 100,000 soldiers killed 150,000 (?) civilians die as well 150,000 (?) civilians die as well

28 Carnage at Sea During campaign, Japanese launch 10 kamikaze assaults During campaign, Japanese launch 10 kamikaze assaults Sacrifice of 1,500 pilots & planes Sacrifice of 1,500 pilots & planes U.S. losses U.S. losses 64 ships sunk or damaged beyond repair 64 ships sunk or damaged beyond repair 60 more require extensive repairs 60 more require extensive repairs 10,000 sailor casualties (half killed) 10,000 sailor casualties (half killed)

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