Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

CE3: Connectivity, Electricity and Education for Entrepreneurship Patrick Murphy Program Director, Notre Dame Initiative for Global Development

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "CE3: Connectivity, Electricity and Education for Entrepreneurship Patrick Murphy Program Director, Notre Dame Initiative for Global Development"— Presentation transcript:

1 CE3: Connectivity, Electricity and Education for Entrepreneurship Patrick Murphy Program Director, Notre Dame Initiative for Global Development; http://ndigd.nd.edu

2 Background Project Description Progress Plans Contents 2

3 Background Project Description Progress Plans Contents 3

4 0% - 30% 60% - 80% 80% - 90% 30% - 60% 90% - 96% 96% - 100% Nearly one in five people around the world do not have access to modern energy services 1.3 billion people lack access to electricity, and an even larger number of people are under-electrified facing constant outages Global Electrification Rates Base of the pyramid consumers pay the highest relative cost for electricity and energy access, e.g. lighting typically accounts for 10 to 15% of total household income Over 95% of people without electricity live in Sub-Saharan Africa or Developing Asia The poor spend $37 billion on poor-quality energy solutions to meet their lighting and cooking needs Over the past four decades, the gap between energy supply and demand in Africa has widened 4

5 Countries such as Uganda have made slow progress, and electrification rates remain very low (approximately 11%) Those with access to power often experience long days of outages and intermittence in electricity (> 70 days a year, >100 hr/mo) Ugandans (consumers and businesses) who require power are forced to pay high costs for alternative sources (diesel-powered generators can cost upwards of $1 - $3 /kWh) Fewer than 11% of Ugandans Have Access to (unreliable) Grid Electricity 5

6 Those who lack electricity lack opportunities for development Electricity access is a necessary component for growth Global Human Development Index 85% of the variation in HDI can be correlated to per capita electricity consumption 6

7 Electricity Development 7

8 Background Project Description Progress Plans Contents 8

9 Systems Approach: C x E x E x E A partnership between Accenture and Notre Dame in the development of an renewable-powered economic ecosystem in a box C: ICT4D ND expertise, and more than 7 years of BOSCO experience at 30+ sites in Uganda, delivering reliable affordable internet and ICT training to communities at the edge. E: Renewable Energy NDIGD, and College of Engineering renewable energy expertise plus industry partners solutions to provide a rugged, energy-efficient renewable microgrids E: Education for Solar, ICT and Entrepreneurship Schools, Universities and education NGO partners to develop and implement technical and user training to develop and grow local capacity. E: Fostering Entrepreneurship Leveraging Accentures global Skills to Succeed platform in partnership with Educate! to deliver entrepreneurial education, experiential learning and mentoring to fuel the potential of the Ugandan people to develop new businesses and improve their livelihoods 9

10 C: Connectivity = ICT to accelerate and inform development ICTs reduce isolation, encourage self-expression, strengthen community, and foster hope to energize constructive change Leapfrogging missing infrastructure, ICTs promote efficient training, formation of partnerships, and information flow concerning market conditions and best practices to guide development efforts For every 10 % increase in broadband penetration we can expect an average of 1.38% additional growth in national GDP. (Source: World Bank; Qiang 2009) [ICT] is the best gift anyone could offer to the youth of Sankuru. If you can break yourself into pieces for the Congo, do it for this cause Fr. Albert Shuyaka Post-conflict cathartic healing and release through blogging, wikis and social media. Acholi Nun orders a well from an NGO using BOSCO Internet services ICT helps restored communities develop partnerships and stay informed 10

11 E: Electricity, sustainable from both an environmental and an economic perspective Each project location is built around an anchor tenant that agrees to use significant amount of the energy, and pay a specific rate comparable to on-grid electricity (UGX 2000/kWh ~ $0.80/kWh) – In Phase 1, anchor tenants are schools and community centers – In Phases 2 and 3, agricultural users, hospitals, businesses and other anchor tenants are being considered In order to scale, the energy cost model must be established and competitive with alternative energy providers Recovering energy production costs allows for – Long term sustainability – O&M, growth – Establishment of energy entrepreneurs (micro utility, service providers, installers, …) 11

12 EE: Entrepreneurial Education Powered by Accentures Skill to Succeed and Local Partnerships Accenture and ND are partnering with local NGOs that provide entrepreneurial education and will serve anchor tenants of energy – Educate! at the King James comprehensive school in Lira – BOSCO Uganda at the Pabbo Education & Research Centre – 31 Lengths at the St. Marys Lacor Secondary School Accenture will leverage the global Skills to Succeed platform to improve partners entrepreneurship training and provide people with skills necessary for employment –Accenture provides mentoring for start-up and expansion for entrepreneurs –Accenture provides project management, online module creation, and partnership design services in the development of a customized curriculum –BOSCO-Uganda coordinates pilot testing, data collection and assessment Leveraging partnerships and Accentures platform in the development of an entrepreneurial curriculum 12

13 Background Project Description Progress Plans Contents 13

14 How we are evaluating impact and outcomes 14 Energy System Evaluation –Are the systems getting enough solar power and energy? –How are consumers using the power? –What rate are they paying? Is this sustainable? Economic Impact –How many people are trained in entrepreneurship or with business skills? –What is the outcome of the introduction of electricity on new and existing businesses? –How will the projects benefit each community? Number of people per site –Lira – 2000+ secondary school students, expanding to community access over time –Lacor – ~1000+ secondary school students, expanding to community access –Pabbo – dozens of local businesses, training impact on ~1000s of community members Monitoring and impact evaluation will be completed by Notre Dames Initiative for Global Development team, with oversight by Accenture Development Partnerships (ADP)

15 M&E Baseline – Energy, Economics and Employment 30+ Enumerators, 2 M&E Experts, 3 counties, 1483 small and micro businesses in Northern Uganda Employees Log(sales) UGX Hrs/Day Ops Days/Mo Ops Mos/Yr Ops Months Existing M IN.1 6.91102 1 ST Q U. 111.9 10261014 M EDIAN 212.9 12301238 M EAN 2.7413.0 11.92710.260.8 3 RD Q U. 313.7 14301280 M AX.97 21.9243012969 97 … LocationWBCE3 Amuru0213 Gulu0406 Lira5774 Kampala760 Other170 Total981483

16 M&E Baseline – Energy, Economics and Employment Baseline energy use statistics indicate existing demand for resilient and remote electricity. Can we decrease the cost and increase the availability? Note 10% of people connected; Enterprises more likely to need/afford power

17 Energy Use and Revenue Okello Ibrahim (Phone repair & charging) Akena David (electronic repair) Pabbo ICT Center Solar production Solar energy is currently being used by local entrepreneurs to power their businesses, and by CE3 ICT labs to develop the skills of more rising entrepreneurs. 17

18 Energy – Impact Akena David Our first paying customer, electronic repair soldering shop formerly powered 1-2 hrs/day by 80W panel or diesel genset Now 6-10 hr/day Paying ~UGX 25K/month to CE3 for power 18

19 Energy Evaluation – Metrics, Goals and Progress 19 Sustainable electricity, environmentally and economically. SubCategoryMetricGoalLacorLiraPaboOtherTotal Training# Techs>10 1111922 Productionenergy - kWh/day/site>4 Use% of production0.6 < X < 1.2 1.250.630.76NA0.88 RevenueUGXUGX 2000/kWh 600K*972K*1,088K*NA2,660K* UGX(R - O&M) >= 0 TBD NATBD

20 ICT – Goal, Metrics, Progress ICT efforts support the primary goal with local computer centers, internet connectivity and training to improve access to business resources 20 SubCategoryMetricGoalLacorLiraPaboOtherTotal Training# Techs>3 1111013 Installation# Seats>40 15 60 Use# Hrs/seat/day>3 TBD 7 Still gathering data on seat usage, but as shown in energy monitoring system, the computer labs operate more than 12 hours per day.

21 ICT – Metrics, Goals, Progress 21

22 Entrepreneurship – Goal, Metrics, Progress Equip local entrepreneurs with the skills needed to initiate and improve new businesses SubCategoryMetricGoalLacorLiraPaboOtherTotal Training# startedNA 202716NA63 # completed 2014200 000NA0 Businesses# created 20146 709NA16 # created 201520 709NA16 Jobs# created20 0031013 # created 2015100 0031013 Funded as part of Accentures global corporate citizenship initiative Skills to Succeed which will equip 500,000 people globally by 2015 with the skills to get a job or build a business.Skills to Succeed

23 Background Project Description Progress Plans Contents 23

24 Next Steps Phase 1 Completion and Assessment: – Complete first round of training – Analyze M&E baseline against progress, apply lessons learned to Phase 2 planning Phase 2 (initiates in late 2014): – 10 sites are targeted in Phase 2. new varieties of anchor tenants additional partnerships and potential expansion beyond Uganda microfinance expansion – 10 village expansion of the solar entrepreneurship mode – Impacting 2,000 people trained and equipped with entrepreneurial skills – Improving the financial return on energy, towards self-sustainment 24

25 Project Stakeholders Accenture is a global management consulting, technology services and outsourcing company with deep knowledge in areas related to sustainability, IT, resource management and international expertise in developing skills to succeed. For Phase 1, Accenture Foundation and Accenture Corporate Citizenship USA has provided investment for 3 village sites. Notre Dame Initiative for Global Development has the backing of the Notre Dame Office of Research and 12 interdisciplinary centers and institutes, it will provide independent monitoring and evaluation of the project, budget and accounting control and overall ownership of sites Notre Dame Electrical Engineering Faculty will design power systems: Faculty are internationally recognized experts in Micro-grid design and control systems with major funding awards from several federal agencies and relevant field experience in developing countries HP – provided approximately $150K in funding, at-cost ICT equipment for low power computing solution BOSCO-Uganda will deliver BOSCO-Uganda will deliver connectivity and community-based ICT training. Recipient of the 2010 Google Breaking Borders Award has strong ties to local institutions, backing of Archdiocese, currently operates in 8 locations in Uganda with expansion funding from UNICEF Educate! will deliver entrepreneurship training: Curriculum was recently adopted by Uganda National Schools and will roll-out to 4,500 schools nationwide this Fall 31 Lengths will delivery entrepreneurship training: the Lacor Entrepreneurship Center empowers potential by connecting resources for business education resulting in economic development to overcome strife and reinforce human dignity. 25

26 Possible Additional Project Stakeholders Cummins – distributed energy technologies and training, focusing on fuel based, but integrated with renewables possible LymanMorse – Developed deployable solar boxes for phase 1. HP - Expanded role at more sites? Ford Family Foundation – Notre Dame center with operations in Kenya, including in slum communities near Nairobi (Dandorra) Off.Grid.Electric - sell electrical services, pre-paid in small amounts in Tanzania EarthSpark – SparkMeter distributed metering, microgrid expertise from Haiti 26

27 Training: Solar, ICT and Entrepreneurship 27

28 Delivery and Transport is Always a Challenge 28

29 So is Installation Logistics 29

30 Lacor Solar 30

31 Lacor ICT 31

32 Lacor Entrepreneurship 32

33 Pabbo Solar 33

34 Pabbo ICT 34

35 Pabbo Entrepreneurship 35

36 Lira Solar 36

37 Lira ICT 37

38 Lira Entrepreneurship 38

39 Energy Production and Use (Pabbo) 39

40 Energy Production and Use (Pabbo) 40

41 References Barnett, T.P.M., (2004) The Pentagons New Map, G. P. Putnams Sons, NY, NY (copied from: containment.html Bernal-Agustín, J.L. and R. Dufo-López, (2011) "Simulation and optimization of stand-alone hybrid renewable energy systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 2111- 2118, 2009. Economist (2011) Pakistans energy shortage, Oct 8th 2011 Enterprise Surveys (2013), Geginat, C., (2009) Doing Business Project World Bank Geni (2013), america/americannationalelectricitygrid.shtml Haimes, Y.Y., Matalas, N.C., Lambert, J.H., Jackson, B.A. andFellows, J.F.R. (1998) Reducing Vulnerability of Water Supply Systems to Attack, J. Infrastructure Systems, 4, 164-177 Heltberg, R., (2002) Household Fuel and Energy Use in Developing Countries: A Multicounty Study, Oil and gas Policy Division, The World Bank, Wasington DC Holmgren, A., Jenelius, E., and Westin, J. (2007), Evaluating Strategies for Defending Electric Power Networks Against Antagonistic Attacks, Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on, 22(1), 76-84 HOMER (2013), " International Telecommunications Union (ITU) (2013), "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000- 2012", Geneva, June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013, Kang, J.H. (2004), Army Tactical Hybrid Power System Analysis and Design, United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, May 2004. Koeppel, G. (2003) Distributed Generation Literature Review and Outline of the Swiss Situation, EEH Power Systems Laboratory, Internal Report Kwasinski A., (2011) Disaster Forensics, IEEE Spectrum, Dec 2011 Levin, T. and V. M. Thomas, (2010) "Least-cost network evaluation of centralized and decentralized contributions to global electrification," Energy Policy, vol. 41, no. C, pp. 286-302 Lian, C. and Haimes, Y.Y. (2006) Managing the Risk of Terrorism to Interdependent Infrastructure Systems Through the Dynamic Inoperability Input–Output Model, Systems Engineering, 9(3), 241-258 U. D. Kumar, J. Knezevic and J. Crocker, "Maintenance free operating period – an alternative measure to MTBF and failure rate for specifying reliability?," Reliability Engineering & System Safety, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 127-131, 1999 Mahapatra. S. and S. Dasappa, (2012) "Rural electrification : Optimizing the choice between decentralized renewable energy sources and grid extension," Energy for Sustainable Developmen, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 146-154 Makerenko, T. (2003) Terrorist threat to energy infrastructure increases, Janes Intelligence Review Muller, R (2007), Physics for future Presidents, Supreme Court Justices, Congressmen, CEOs, Diplomats, Journalists, and other World Leaders, lecture noted, Fall 2007 Edition, www.muller.lbl.gov www.muller.lbl.gov Mulrine, A., How the U.S. Military Is Trying to Cut Its Enormous Energy Appetite, US News, Posted March 16, 2009, cut-its-enormous-energy-appetite/index.html cut-its-enormous-energy-appetite/index.html Murphy, P.M., Twaha, S., Murphy, I.S., Analysis of the cost of reliable electricity: A new method for analyzing grid connected solar, diesel and hybrid distributed electricity systems considering an unreliable electric grid, with examples in Uganda, Energy, Available online 7 February 2014, ISSN 0360-5442, Nandi, S.K. and H. R. Ghosh, (2010) "Prospect of wind–PV-battery hybrid power system as an alternative to grid extension in Bangladesh," Energy, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 3040-3047, 2010. Nasa (2013), New York Times (2010), Living without Electricity, Pasternak, A.D., (2000) Global Energy Futures and Human Development: A Framework for Analysis, report by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract No. W-7405-Eng-48. Paudel, A.M. and H. Sarper, (2013) "Economic analysis of a grid-connected commercial photovoltaic system at Colorado State University-Pueblo," Energy, vol. 52, pp. 289-296, 2013. Rhodes, R., and Bellar, D., (2000) The Need for Nuclear Power, Foreign Affairs, 79 (1)2000 Ross, S. M.,Introduction to Probability Models, Chestnut Hill, MA: Academic Press, 1972. Sanghvi, A.P. (1982) Economic costs of electricity supply interruptions, Energy Economics, 4(3) 180-198 Simonoff, J.S., Restrepo, C.E., and Zimmerman, R. (2007) Risk-Management and Risk Analysis-Based Decision Tools for Attacks on Electric Power, Risk Analysis, 27(3), 547-570 Sterman, J, (2000) Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking and Modeling for a Complex World, Irwin/McGraw-Hill, 2000. ISBN 0-07-231135-5. Szabo, S., Bodis, K., Huld, T., and Moner-Girona, M., (2011) Energy solutions in rural Africa: mapping electrification costs of distributed solar and diesel generation versus grid extension, Environ. Res. Lett. 6 Szabo, S., K. Bodis, T. Huld and M. Moner-Girona, (2013) Sustainable energy planning: Leapfrogging the energy poverty gap in Africa," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 28, pp 500-509 Türkay, B.E. and A. Y. Telli, (2011) "Economic analysis of standalone and grid connected hybrid energy systems," Renewable Energy, vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 1931-1943, 2011. Twaha, S., Idris, M. H., Anwari, M and Khairuddin, A., "Applying grid-connected photovoltaic system as alternative source of electricity to supplement hydro power instead of using diesel in Uganda," Energy, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 185-194, 2012. UNDP, (2012), Human Development Reports, Washington Post, Map: The most- and least-corrupt countries in the world, 2012, corrupt-countries-in-the-world Winston, W. L., Operations Research: Applications and Algorithms, Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole, 2003 Zimmerman, R., Restrepo, C.E., Simonoff, J.S., and Lave, L.B. (2007) Risk and Economic Cost of a Terrorist Attack on the Electric System, Chapter 14 in H.W. Richardson, P. Gordon and J.E. Moore II, eds., The Economic Costs and Consequences of Terrorism. Cheltenham, UK: Edward elgar Publishers, 273-290 Zorpette, G. (2011) Re-engineering Afghanistan, IEEE Spectrum, October 2011, 41

Download ppt "CE3: Connectivity, Electricity and Education for Entrepreneurship Patrick Murphy Program Director, Notre Dame Initiative for Global Development"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google