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When Change Happens A Workshop to Support TUSD Employees in Times of Change Megan McCormick, PhD, NCSP.

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Presentation on theme: "When Change Happens A Workshop to Support TUSD Employees in Times of Change Megan McCormick, PhD, NCSP."— Presentation transcript:

1 When Change Happens A Workshop to Support TUSD Employees in Times of Change Megan McCormick, PhD, NCSP

2 When Change Happens  Change is an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another; eg: moving from employed to un-employed  Self initiated/We control : –Change our minds, our clothes, our attitude, our hair color, career, spouse, friends, etc…. –Positive Stress = Eustress  External Factors/We don’t control: –Foreseen: Maturation, Graduation, Retirement, Death –Unforeseen: Accidents and Unexpected Losses –Negative Stress = Distress

3 When Change Happens PPPPhysiological Responses to Change –C–C–C–Central Nervous System (CNR) –P–P–P–Peripheral Nervous System –A–A–A–Autonomic Nervous System –T–T–T–The Role of Adreneline (Epinephrine) –T–T–T–The Role of Anxiety –T–T–T–The Role of Stress

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5 Your Nervous System

6 Autonomic Nervous System

7 Physiology of Stress Response  Novel Stimulus Perceived  Message sent/become alert  Stimulus Perceived as Danger/Threat  Catacholamines stimulate neuroreceptor sites  Sympathetic Division of ANS Activated  Epinephrine (Adrenaline) Released  Ready for Action  Fight or Flight

8 Physiology of Stress Response  Physiological Responses  Acceleration of heart and lung action  Paling or flushing  Digestion slows or stops  Blood vessels constrict  Liberation of nutrients for muscular action  Pupils dilate  Auditory Exclusion (loss of hearing)  Tunnel Vision (loss of peripheral vision)  Acceleration of instantaneous reflexes

9 Negative Effects of Stress in Modern Humans   Continuous release of epinephrine also releases norepinephrine and cortisol   Suppresses immune response/system   Suppresses digestion   Uses up nutrients   Addictive   Increases heart rate   Elevates blood sugar   Disrupts homeostasis   Interrupts the Parasympathetic Nervous System from functioning and returning to homeostasis

10 Psychological/Behavioral Responses to Stress  Women  Increased blood flow to Limbic System  Nurturing Response  Withdrawal  Freeze  Avoidance  Sad  Depression  Anxiety  Overall more resilient  Men  Increased blood flow to left orbitofrontal cortex “fight or flight”  Aggression  Easily frustrated  Anger  Outbursts  Rage  Impulsivity  Action/Activity  Self medication

11 When the Stressor is a Loss WWWWhen the Loss is Your Job LLLLosses are never in isolation and job loss sets off a domino effect of changes/losses/stressors IIIIdentity IIIIncome CCCColleagues/Social Structure and Support CCCCareer track PPPPlans HHHHome/City/Community DDDDreams SSSSense of Security IIIInvestments HHHHealth Care HHHHope

12 Dealing With a Loss  The Process of Loss and Stages of Grieving  Kubler-Ross Model  Denial: “I’m good/fine” or “This isn’t happening”  Anger: “Who’s to blame” or “Why me” or “Not fair”  Bargaining: “OK, what if I teach Special Ed/Math?”  Depression: “What’s the use?”  Acceptance: “This is OK/New Chapter”

13 Dealing With a Loss  Stages of Bereavement  Shock and Numbness –Problems with processing  Yearning and Searching –Denial or minimizing the impact of the loss. Frustration and disappointment as reality sinks in  Disorganization and Despair –Sadness, depression, feelings of being overwhelmed  Reorganization –Getting into cognitive restructuring and action.

14 The Role of Emotions  Why Emotions Are Our Friends  Hardwired for Survival  Let us know something is wrong  Thoughts trigger them  If we manage thoughts and emotions we activate our parasympathetic nervous system  We can manage thoughts better than emotions

15 Managing Thoughts and Emotions SSSSedona Method OOOOption Institute FFFFocusing YYYYoga MMMMeditation PPPPhysical Activity TTTTherapy VVVVisualization MMMMedication

16 Sedona Method BBBBased on awareness, acceptance and release of thoughts/emotions Steps Focus on feeling Ask: Could I accept or welcome this feeling? Ask: Am I willing to let it go? Ask: Would I let it go” Ask: When? Repeat until feeling is neutralized

17 Managing Emotions  What’s Usual/Expected  Anger/Frustration  Sadness  Anxiety  Low Energy  Impairment in Judgment

18 Managing Emotions/Behaviors  Warning Signs  Isolation  Loss of interest in your faves  Feelings of overwhelm/helplessness/hopelessness  Self Destructive Acting Out  Substance Abuse  Angry outbursts  Self Injury  Eating Disorder Behavior  Suicidal/Homicidal Ideation

19 COPING CCCCreate Your Mind Plan PPPPut things in Context MMMManage the Emotions DDDDo Inner Work/Personal Growth Work MMMManage Stress GGGGet Social Support and Professional Support

20 COPING  Create Your Body Plan  Daily Routine  Exercise  Diet  Keep moving/clean things out

21 COPING  Create Your Life Plan  Get clear on what you want  Research  Explore  Play  Dream  Action Plans

22 Resources  Health America  Oaks Employee Assistance Program  AZ Mental Health Corp  Option Institute  Sedona Method  When Bad Things Happen to Good People: Harold Kushner  When Things Fall Apart: Pema Chodron  The Power of Focusing: Ann Weiser Cornell, PhD  Peace is Every Step: Thich Nhat Hanh  Chicken Soup for the Soul: Jack Canfield  A Grief Observed: C.S. Lewis  Who Moved My Cheese: Spencer Johnson, M.D.

23 References  Myers, David (2009) Psychology: Ninth Edition  How Men and Women Cope Differently with Stress Traced to Genetic Differences  Neuroscientists Find that Men and Women Respond Differently to Stress


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