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Abstinence, Fidelity, Condom Use and the Stabilization of the AIDS Epidemic in Haiti Antoine Augustin MD, MPH Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé

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Presentation on theme: "Abstinence, Fidelity, Condom Use and the Stabilization of the AIDS Epidemic in Haiti Antoine Augustin MD, MPH Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé"— Presentation transcript:

1 Abstinence, Fidelity, Condom Use and the Stabilization of the AIDS Epidemic in Haiti Antoine Augustin MD, MPH Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé

2 HIV Prevalence among Pregnant Women, Haiti, Source: IHE/GHESKIO 1993, 1996, 2000

3 Source: IHE /GHESKIO 1993, 1996, 2000; MARCH 2003

4 HAITI AND AIDS

5 Country context 8 million people 10,000 square miles 40% urban Per capita income: US$ Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé MIREBALAIS

6 Trends in per capita GNP Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé Source: BRH 2002; CAPS 2003

7 Trends in infant mortality Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé Source: EHF 1978; DHS 1994; DHS 2000

8 Per capita income and IMR Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé Source: BRH 2000; CAPS 2003

9 METHODS Secondary data analysis from DHS surveys (1994 and 2000) Secondary data analysis from DHS surveys (1994 and 2000) Secondary data analysis from sentinel site seroprevalence surveys of 1993, 1996 and 2000 Population-based data analysis from central Haiti Review of various qualitative surveys Review of the international literature on condom data analysis

10 Factors reviewed for this presentation Knowledge of AIDS Personal risk perception Age at sexual debut Recent sexual activity AbstinenceFidelity Condom use Behavior to reduce risk Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé

11 Knowledge of AIDS Source: DHS 1994; DHS 2000

12 Knowledge of Mode of Transmission of HIV Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé Source: DHS 1994; DHS 2000

13 Age at Sexual Debut, Women and Men Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé Source: DHS 1994; DHS 2000

14 Age at first sex, women Source: DHS 2000

15 Recent Sexual Activity (Preceding Four Weeks) Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé Source: DHS 1994; DHS 2000

16 Proportion of young men and women who never had sex Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé Source: DHS 1994; DHS 2000

17 Risk perception for HIV, women Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé Source: DHS 1994; DHS 2000

18 HIV risk perception, men Source: DHS 1994; DHS 2000

19 Factors linked to levels of risk perception, women Source: DHS 1994; DHS 2000

20 Factors linked to HIV risk perception, men Source: DHS 1994; DHS 2000

21 Behavior to reduce HIV risk, women Source: DHs 1994; DHS 2000

22 Behavior change to reduce HIV risk, men Source: DHS 1994; DHS 2000

23 Condom use, women and men Source: DHS 1994; DHS 2000

24 Male condom sales, PSI/Haiti Centre dAnalyse des Politiques de Santé Source: PSI

25 DISCUSSION Haitians know about HIV/AIDS They do not feel at high risk of contracting HIV and they feel less at risk than 10 years ago Age at first sex is probably lower than what was measured via DHS There is no evidence that patterns of abstinence have changed Not enough data on casual recreational sex

26 Discussion (continued) The perception that the partner is more faithful has increased Despite large numbers of condoms reported as being sold, there is no evidence that condom use has increased The proportion of women and men who cite condom use as the reason they feel less at risk has remained essentially unchanged between 1994 and 2000, at 1.8% and 3.4% respectively for women, and 13% and 16% for men.

27 CONCLUSION The data on condom use and condom sales should be interpreted with caution. Several studies have found that it is difficult to extrapolate level of use from levels of sales In all likelihood, many factors have acted in a synergistic manner to stabilize the AIDS epidemic in Haiti


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