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Creativity: Method or Magic? Harnad, Stevan (2007) Creativity: Method or Magic? In: H. Cohen and B. Stemmer (eds.) Consciousness and Cognition: Fragments.

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Presentation on theme: "Creativity: Method or Magic? Harnad, Stevan (2007) Creativity: Method or Magic? In: H. Cohen and B. Stemmer (eds.) Consciousness and Cognition: Fragments."— Presentation transcript:

1 Creativity: Method or Magic? Harnad, Stevan (2007) Creativity: Method or Magic? In: H. Cohen and B. Stemmer (eds.) Consciousness and Cognition: Fragments of Mind and Brain Amsterdam: Elsevier

2 What is creativity? A trait? A state? An outcome? How? rules? training?

3 Lightning bolts (happy accidents?)

4 Objective Tests?

5 Whats new? Originality Novelty Innovation Chimera

6 Value

7 Artistic creativity vs. Intellectual creativity Practical criteria Aesthetic criteria

8 Algorithms and the unexpected

9 Dans les champs de l'observation le hasard ne favorise que les esprits préparés (Chance favors the prepared mind) Serendipity and Pasteurization

10 Training? Pòlya

11 Uncreative? Problem solving Deduction Induction Learning Imitation Trial-and-error Heuristics Abduction

12 13 Theories of creativity method, memory, magic, mutation The Unconscious mind Innate structure (abduction) Analogy (imitation) Preparation (learning) Imitation Intuition, aesthetic factors Anomalies Constraints (Stravinsky) Serendipity (game of chance) Mental analogs Heuristic stratgeies Improvisation (performance, interpretation) Complementarity (collaboration, cumulativity Stravinsky Koestler Lakatos Polànyi Csikszentmihalyi

13 Trait or state?

14 Combinatory game of chance? J. Hadamard

15 Dans les champs de l'observation le hasard ne favorise que les esprits préparés (Chance favors the prepared mind) Serendipity and Pasteurization


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