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Discovering the wines of LANGUEDOC-ROUSSILLON, South of France.

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1 Discovering the wines of LANGUEDOC-ROUSSILLON, South of France

2 2 28 centuries of history! Contemporary wines, centuries of tradition 28 centuries of know-how Vineyards were established by the Greeks and developed by the Romans From the 8 th Century, abbeys started organising the vineyards and delineating appellations 1531: birth of the first sparkling wine in Limoux Roussillon = French since th and 19 th centuries: building of the Canal du Midi linking the Atlantic to the Mediterranean and arrival of the railway precipitated the growth of the vineyards and their diversification

3 3 Geographic position

4 4 The ideal climate Mediterranean climate Plentiful sunshine: mild winters, hot summers Specific rainfall regime (storms) dry season = summer rainy season = autumn and early spring Numerous and frequent winds (natural protection against phytosanitary diseases) Average annual climatic parameters: Rainfall levels = 500 – 600 mm Sunlight = 2,530 hours (~316 days/365) Temperature = 15°C

5 5 Various terroirs … Numerous geological structures (reliefs, slopes, exposures, altitudes) and microclimates. Rich variety of soils and subsoils; some of them having been awarded a special A.O.C. (different soils give different characters to wines): limestone schist granite gneiss Amphitheatre of mountains Predominantly clay/limestone, schist, gravelly. cailloux sables granitiques argiles limons etc.

6 6 Source : Sols et Paysages © UMR LISAH Montpellier Various terroirs …

7 7

8 8 C= Cabardès M= Malepère L = Limoux CR= Crémant AOC Cabernet Franc Cabernet S auvignon Carignan noir Chenanson Cinsaut Cot Grenache noir Grenache gris Lladoner Pelut Merlot Mourvèdre Petit Verdot Pinot noir Portan Syrah VDN Red and Rosé varietals C – M C-M-L C – M – L L – CR

9 AOCEffervescent Bourboulenc Carignan blanc Chardonnay Chasan Chenin Colombard Clairette Grenache blanc Grenache gris Macabeu Malvoisie du Roussillon Marsanne Mauzac Muscat à petits grains Muscat dAlexandrie Picquepoul blanc Roussanne Sauvignon Sémillon Terret Ugni blanc Vermentino Viognier VDN White varietals M= white Minervois M 9

10 10 Vinification, maturation and characteristics Dry red wines Traditional maceration after picking Carbonic maceration (Carignan for example) Vinification with controled temperatures Flash-Détente process, thermovinification Microbullage (micro-oxygenation) Mandatory malolactic fermentation Maturation = an average of 2 years in vat or in wood Light and easy drinking wines Variety of hors dœuvres; charcuterie and grilled meats Drink young between 13° and 15°C Stronger, more concentrated and/or older wines Game, casseroles and ripened cheese Drink within one hour after opening at 17°C

11 11 Vinification, maturation and characteristics Dry rosés wines Vinification obtained by bleeding after a few hours of maceration Vinification obtained by direct pressing Vinification with controled temperatures Possible malolactic fermentation Maturation : Seasonal wine or ageable wine (which is sometimes vinified and aged in oak barrels) Fresh, fine and/or rich and powerful wines Excellent wines for apéritif Charcuterie, white meat, spicy foods and Paëlla … Serve between 8° and 12°C

12 12 Vinification, maturation and characteristics Dry white wines Mostly made from skin maceration, but some wines come from direct pressing. Vinification with controled temperatures Frequent vinification in barrels Possible malolactic fermentation Stored in cellar: Most of them should be drunk young (2 years) Wines aged in oak barrels: 3 years and more Fresh wines with a rich aromatic complexity Also wines for apéritif. Shellfish, fish or exotic foods. Serve between 8° and 12°C

13 13 Vinification of Vins Doux Naturels (VDN) « Mutage » Process discovered in 1285 by Arnau de Vilanova, rector of the University of Montpellier and doctor at the court of the King of Majorca. During fermentation, a 96%vol. neutral vinic alcohol is added, in the amount of 5% to 10 % of the volume of the must in order to halt the yeast action and to keep a part of natural sugars.

14 14 Vinification and maturation of Vins Doux Naturels (VDN) Red, tuilé (tawny colored) Vinification either through: Mutage after pressing of must derived from traditional maceration Mutage on the cap (« mutage sur grains ou sur marc », long maceration in alcohol and pressing Maturation of Red VDN Tuilé VDN White, ambré (amber colored) Vinification either through: Maceration for a few hours Direct pressing Mutage takes place on must (liquid phase) or sometimes « sur marc » (Muscat) Maturation of White VDN Ambré VDN

15 15 Vins Doux Naturels (VDN) Maturation and characteristics While evolving, VDN change in colour, structure and flavour By « reduction » (=avoiding oxygen) : in full vats or in bottles (early bottling) By oxidation : maturation period between 30 months and more than 20 years … inside or outside cellars in container en vidange (not filling up the containers completely) in different vats or aged in wood (foudres, demi-muids, barrels) or, sometimes, in glass bonbonnes or demi-muids outdoors for 9 to 12 months A Vin Doux Naturel bottle (aged in an oxidative environment) can be kept open for several months Pleasant wines as an apéritif, with cheese, dessert and with a variety of other foods like foie gras, poultry, roast meats, cream, chocolate desserts, fruits Serve between 8 and 13°C. Between 13 and 15°C for the oldest ones.

16 16 Vinification, maturation and characteristics of sparkling wines Whole grape pressing Juice selection and complete fermentation in temperature-controlled vats. Just before bottling, a liqueur de tirage (mixture of yeasts and sugar) is added so that a second fermentation will take place in the bottle, thus enabling bubble formation; the yeasts convert the sugar into alcohol and fine bubbles. This second in-bottle fermentation lasts several months (at least 9 months for the Blanquette de Limoux and 12 for the Crémant de Limoux). The daily remuage (riddling) in the pupitres allows the sediment deposit formed in the bottle to move into the neck. The neck of the bottle is then frozen in order to expel the deposit. Before the final corking, a liqueur dexpédition (sugar dosage) is added which gives each cuvée its dry or semi-dry character.

17 17 The Languedoc belongs to one of the largest vineyards in the world in terms of area: the Languedoc-Roussillon Sud de France = ha of vines A wine-growing area equivalent to that of Australia -ROUSSILLON (The Vineyards of Languedoc - Roussillon AOCs)

18 Languedoc-Roussillon production for wine year 2008/2009 AOC Roussillon AOC Languedoc Pays dOc wines **Total regional Surface area in hectares Accredited volumes in hl *** % of total volume / for France (51,9 Million of hl) 1,1313% of which 60 % are vins de pays 30 Yield established by regulation 40 hl / ha 28,63 hl / ha* 50 hl / ha 36 hl/ha* 80 hl / ha *61,22 hl / ha % of private cellars % of co-operative cellars Wide range of wines in one of the worlds largest vineyards ________ Multiplicity of winery types: private cellars / co- operative cellars / trading companies ________ Production mix in wineries * Average overall yield ** Including VDT and local wines (VDP) *** Harvest declarations for AOC 2008

19 19 Languedoc Roussillon : Key numbers From August 2009… : PDO (AOP)PGI (IGP)Wines without GI Protected Designation of Origin Protected Geographical Indication Wines WITHOUT Geographical Indication E.g.: AOC + VDQS (Delimited Wine of Superior Quality) E.g.: Local wine (vin de pays) E.g.: Table wine 27% 40% 14%10% 6% 3%

20 20 Languedoc Roussillon : Key numbers wine growers managing ha of vineyards 300 co-operative cellars & private cellars make the Sud de France range of still, sparkling and natural sweet wines. The trade in the Sud de France range of wines (including table wines) is estimated at 12.5 million hectolitres. The 50 main marketers account for more than 70% of sales. Finally, more than people work directly for the industry, not to mention indirect employment.

21 21 Languedoc Roussillon : COM reform AOC (Registered Designation ofOrigin) VDQS (Delimited wine of Superior Quality) VDP (Local wine) VDT (Table Wine) AOP / PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) INAO Wines without GI (Geographical Indication) Implementing organisation INAO (National Institute for Designations of Origin) FRAM Implementing organisation TO BE DEFINED IGP / PGI (Protected Géographical Indication) YESTERDAY TODAY

22 22 Languedoc Roussillon : CMO Reform Every AOC and/or Local Wine wishing to become a PDO or PGI will have to form an Organisme de Gestion (Implementing Organisation) and set up an independent inspection or regulatory body. The Organisme de Gestion will have to draft a list of specifications, which will be validated by INAO, and add an inspection plan to it which will define the control types and pressure levels. As at 1 August 2009, every PDO must have its specifications validated whilst PGIs may use their decree provisionally until 31 December 2011.

23 LANGUEDOC AOCs / PDOs

24 hl hl hl hl Breakdown of AOC / PDO Languedoc wines production Total average production 10.7 million hl AOC/PDO Vins Doux Naturels AOC/PDO Vins secs AOC/PDO Vins effervescents Vins de pays & vins de table (PGI & no IG)

25 25 18 AOCs / PDOs with strong characters 11 AOCs / PDOs for either red, rosé or white 3 AOCs / PDOs sparkling wines 4 AOCs / PDOs Vins Doux Naturels

26 26 Languedoc AOCs / PDOs : breakdown of production by colour and type of wine 10% 6% 5% 3%

27 27 Breakdown of Languedoc AOCs / PDOs Languedoc AOCs / PDOs: production tending towards diversification 35% 9%30% 5% 8% 0.2% 1.5% 5% 0.8%

28 28 The Languedoc AOC / PDO : a major French regional designation Decree of April, 30 th 2007 Four departments: Hérault, Aude, Gard, Pyrénées Orientales A minimum of two grape varieties Example of reds: Syrah and Mouvèdre / Syrah or Mouvèdre = 20% + 80% minimum Grenache Example of whites: Grenache B + Bourboulenc / Picpoul + 50% minimum of another white grape variety Basic yield: 50hl/ha for reds; 60hl/ha for whites Wine alcohol content > 11.5% Maturity of grapes harvested: 198g/l sugar in red (190 for whites)

29 29 Languedoc AOC / PDO wines, a very promising high-quality vineyard

30 30 Sub-regional appellations: diversity and characteristics of our terroirs AOC CabardèsAOC Clairette du Languedoc AOC CorbièresAOC Faugères AOC Limoux AOC Malepère AOC Minervois AOC Saint Chinian

31 31 Restructuring of the Coteaux du Languedoc group The regional AOC / PDO: corresponds to the extension of the Coteaux du Languedoc designation The Coteaux du Languedoc are broken down into eight areas or terroirs La Clape Pic Saint Loup Picpoul de Pinet Grès de Montpellier Pézenas Terrasses du Larzac Terrasses de Béziers Sommières These eight areas are destined to become eight new designations AFTER INAO VALIDATION

32 32 Local appellations : our delectable gems Saint Chinian Roquebrun Corbières Boutenac Minervois la Livinière Saint Chinian Berlou

33 ROUSSILLON AOCs / PDOs

34 hl hl hl Breakdown of AOC / PDO Roussillon wines production Total average production 1,004 million hl AOC / PDO Vins Doux Naturels AOC / PDO Vins secs VDP = 4/5 Vins de pays & vins de table (PGI & no IG)

35 35 Roussillon AOCs / PDOs Collioure Côtes du Roussillon Côtes du Roussillon Les Aspres Côtes du Roussillon Villages Côtes du Roussillon Villages Caramany Côtes du Roussillon Villages Latour de France Côtes du Roussillon Villages Lesquerde Côtes du Roussillon Villages Tautavel Muscat de Rivesaltes (VDN) Rivesaltes (VDN) Maury (VDN) Banyuls & Banyuls Grand Cru (VDN)

36 36 Roussillon AOCs / PDOs

37 37 Roussillon AOCs / PDOs : breakdown of production by colour and type of wine

38 38 Roussillon, 13 AOCs / PDOs with very distinctive characteristics AOC / DPO Dry wines (8) Collioure (white, rosé, red) Côtes du Roussillon (white, rosé, red) Côtes du Roussillon Les Aspres (red) (plot selection) Côtes du Roussillon Villages (red) Plus 4 specific productions carrying the name of the commune: CRV Caramany CRV Latour de France CRV Lesquerde CRV Tautavel

39 39 Last changes in Roussillon dry AOCs / PDOs group ?

40 40 Roussillon, 13 AOCs / PDOs with very distinctive characteristics Vins Doux Naturels AOCs / PDOs (5) Rivesaltes « Grenat » = non oxydised « Tuilé » / « Ambré » =oxydised Maury white / «Vintage», «Vendange», «Récolte» = non oxydised Amber / Tawny = oxydised Banyuls white / «Rimage»=non oxydised Amber / Tawny = oxydised Banyuls Grand Cru (tawny ) = oxydised Muscat de Rivesaltes (white)= non oxydised

41 41 Last changes in Roussillon VDN AOCs / PDOs group ?

42 Food and wine pairings LANGUEDOC-ROUSSILLON

43 43 Red with characters… AOCS / PDOs Cabardès, Corbières, Corbières Boutenac, Faugères, Languedoc, Limoux, Malepère, Minervois, Minervois la Livinière, Saint Chinian, Saint Chinian Berlou, Saint Chinian Roquebrun, Côtes du Roussillon, Côtes du Roussillon les Aspres, Côtes du Roussillon Villages, Côtes du Roussillon Villages latour de France, Côtes du Roussillon Villages Caramany, Côtes du Roussillon Villages Lesquerde, Côtes du Roussillon Villages Tautavel and Collioure. Five designations in the process of recognition : La Clape, Pic Saint Loup, Les Grés de Montpellier, Pézenas, Terrasses du Larzac Characteristics according to the stage of development Young: elegant and expressive, aromas of small red and black fruit (blackcurrants, cherries and blackberries …), violets, peones…, sweet licorice or minerality. Mature: powerful, subtle and generous, aromas of candied fruits, leather, coffee and animal notes

44 44 Rosés with characters… AOCS / PDOs Cabardès, Corbières, Faugères, Languedoc, Malepère, Minervois, Saint Chinian, Côtes du Roussillon and Collioure. Characteristics Lively, fresh, fruity and tasty, red fruit aromas, minerality.

45 45 Whites with characters… AOCS / PDOs Corbières, Minervois, Saint Chinian, Faugères, Languedoc, Clairette du Languedoc, Limoux, Côtes du Roussillon and Collioure. Designations in the process of classification: Picpoul de Pinet, La Clape Characteristics Dry, fresh white: well-balanced, flowery, fruity nose, exceptional body and finesse Aromatic white: exotic fruits, hazelnut for the Clairette, apple for the Limoux

46 46 Sparkling wines with characters… AOCS / PDOs Blanquette de Limoux, Crémant de Limoux, Blanquette Méthode Ancestrale Characteristics Fine bubbles with a southern nose, aromas of white flowers (acacia, hawthorn and peach tree…) and apple

47 47 VDN with characters… AOCS / PDOs Muscat de Saint Jean de Minervois, Muscat de Lunel, Muscat de Mireval, Muscat de Frontignan, Muscat de Rivesaltes, Banyuls, Banyuls grand Cru, Maury and Rivesaltes Characteristics Sweet wines with exceptional aromatic delicacy: young fruits and flowers, honey … for Muscats Finesse, complexity, richness, dry fruits, candied fruits, cocoa, cofee…

48 48 All Languedoc-Roussillon AOCs / PDOs Young, fruity wine Powerful wine with rich aromas Young, fresh, rather lively wine Or powerfull with a same range of aromas. A few basic rules… Mediterranean dish Simple dish Rich dish Spicy dish

49 49 Red AOCs / PDOs Young: simple dishes (omelette or savoury tart), flavoured, lightly seasoned, tomato- based, grilled white or red meats. Characterful: dishes in (gravy or mushroom) sauce or very aromatic, grilled red meat (beef or lamb), game. Rosés AOCs / PDOs Summer dishes, very spicy dishes, exotic salads and cuisines of the world

50 50 White AOCs / PDOs Dry: seafood and shellfish, grilled fish with herbs, lemon- flavoured dishes, white meat, goats cheese More complex: fish and white meat in cream sauce, seafood lasagne, fish quenelles, goats cheese Sparkling AOCs / PDOs Canapés, pastries from the South of France, sweet exotic dishes made with almonds or coconut… Vins Doux Naturels AOCs / PDOs Savoury dishes: canapés made with foie gras, quails with grapes, sweet & salt or sweet & sour recipes, cheeses, tartes Tatin, French horns, fruit desserts, icescream…

51 51 Food & dry or sparkling wines pairing

52 Food & Vins Doux Naturels wines pairing

53 Product Technical Sheets Appendix

54 54 AOC Limoux wines, Blanquette and Blanquette Méthode Ancestrale 1938, Crémant 1990, Limoux white 1993, red ,800 hectares harvested 542 producers 1 cooperative cellar 24 private cellars 8 trading companies Average yield 40 hl/hectare (sparkling) Production Blanquette de Limoux 40,000 hl Crémant de Limoux 30,000 hl Blanquette méthode ancestrale 4,000 hl Limoux (still wine) White: 5,000 hl Red: 2,800 hl Authorised varietals Blanquette: Mauzac (at least 90%), Chenin and Chardonnay Crémant: Chardonnay (at least 40%) Chenin (at least 20%), Chardonnay + Chenin (90% maximum). Secondary varietals: Mauzac + Pinot Noir ( 20% maximum), Pinot noir (10% maximum) White Limoux (still wine): Mauzac (at least 15%), Chardonnay, Chenin Red Limoux (still wine): Merlot (at least 50%), Cot, Syrah grenache (at least 30%), Carignan (10% maximum). Blanquette Méthode Ancestrale: 100% Mauzac

55 55 Corbières, AOC red, rosé, white since 1985 Corbières-Boutenac since ,500 hectares reported 2,206 producers 33 cooperative cellars 289 private cellars Average yield hl/hectare Average production 554,000 hl 92.6% red 5.8% rosé 1.6% white Authorised varietals Red and rosé : Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre, Carignan, Cinsault White: Grenache blanc, Bourboulenc, Macabeu, Marsanne, Roussanne, Vermentino

56 56 Coteaux du Languedoc, AOC red, rosé and white since ,000 hectares 2,800 producers 94 cooperative cellars 450 private cellars Average yield 47 hl/hectare Production 400,000 hl 78% red 10% rosé, 12% white Pedo-climatic zones La Clape - Terrasses de Béziers - Pézenas - Grés de Montpellier - Picpoul de Pinet - Terrasses du Larzac - Terres de Sommières Pic Saint Loup Authorised varietals Mainly red and rosé: Grenache noir, Syrah and Mourvèdre (at least 50%); Cinsault et Carignan. Pic St Loup: Syrah, Grenache noir, Mourvèdre (at least 90%). Clape and Grés de Montpellier: Syrah, Grenache, Mourvèdre (at least 70%).

57 57 Minervois, AOC red, rosé, white since ,000 ha identified 1,100 producers 30 cooperative cellars 222 private cellars Maximum authorized yield 50 hl/ha Production 170,000 hl 94% red 2% white 4% rosé Authorised varietals Syrah, Mourvèdre (at least 20%) Syrah, Mourvèdre, Grenache (at least 60% ) Red: Carignan, Cinsault, Terret, Aspiran, Piquepoul (40% maximum) White: Marsanne, Roussanne, Macabeu, Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenache, Vermentino and Muscat à petits grains

58 58 Minervois La Livinière, AOC red since ,600 ha delineated 200 ha harvested 3 cooperative cellars 34 private cellars Maximum authorized yield 45 hl/ha Production hl 100% red Authorised varietals Syrah, Mourvèdre and Grenache (at least 60% of the varietals, of which at least 40% Syrah or Mourvèdre) Possible secondary varietals: Carignan, Cinsault, Terret, Piquepoul and Aspiran

59 59 Saint-Chinian, AOC red and rosé since 1982, white since 2005 Saint Chinian-Berlou / Saint Chinian-Roquebrun ha harvested 520 producers 9 cooperative cellars 102 private cellars Average yield 45 hl/ha Production 135,000 hl 90% red 9% rosé 1% white Authorised varietals Red and rosé: Grenache, Syrah and Mourvèdre, Carignan, Cinsault, Lladoner Pelut White: Grenache blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne, Rolle

60 60 Faugères, AOC red and rosé since 1982, white since ,000 hectares harvested 150 producers 2 cooperative cellars 38 private cellars Average yield 42 hl/ha Production 80,000 hl 80% red 20% rosé Authorised varietals Red and rosé: Syrah, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Carignan and Cinsault White: Roussanne, Grenache blanc, Marsanne, Vermentino

61 61 Cabardès Vent dest, Vent douest, AOC since hectares harvested 30 producers 5 cooperative cellars 25 private cellars Average yield 50 hl/hectare Production 20,000 hl 90% red 10% rosé 90% sold on the estate or at the château, bottled on the estate Authorised varietals At least 40% of Atlantic grape varieties: Merlot, Cabernet- Sauvignon, Cabernet franc, At least 40% of Mediterranean grape varieties: Syrah, Grenache A maximum of 20% of Cot, Fer Servadou and Cinsault

62 62 Malepère, AOC since 1976, red and rosé 500/600 hectares committed to the Malepères wine charter 150 producers 4 cooperative cellars 20 private cellars Average yield 50 hl/ha Production from 20 to 25,000 hl 85% red 15% rosé Authorised varietals Main varietals: Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Cot. Secondary varietals: Cabernet sauvignon, Grenache, Cinsault

63 63 Clairette du Languedoc, AOC white since hectares harvested 7 cooperative cellars 11 private cellars Average yield 40 hl/hectare Production 3,800 hl 100% white Authorised varietals Clairette

64 64 The Muscats of Languedoc (VDN) Muscat de Frontignan (since 1936) 800 hectares harvested 1 cooperative cellar 5 private cellars Production of 21,848 hl Muscat de Lunel (since 1943) 300 hectares harvested 1 cooperative cellar 4 private cellars Production of 9,847 hl Muscat de Mireval (since 1959) 270 hectares harvested 1 cooperative cellar 4 private cellars Production of 7,565 hl Muscat de Saint Jean de Minervois (since 1949) 160 hectares harvested 1 cooperative cellar 5 private cellars Production of 5,639 hl Authorized varietal: Muscat à petits grains

65 65 Côtes du Roussillon, AOC Red, Rosé and White since 1977 Key numbers communes ha of surface area vines/ha of density Maximum authorised yield : 50 hl/ha Yield : 27,42 hl/ha Production : hl Red : hl Rosé : hl White : hl Authorised varietals : Red and Rosé wines Carignan noir, Grenache noir, Lladoner Pelut, Cinsault, Syrah, Mourvèdre, Macabeu (only for rosé) White wines Grenache blanc, Grenache Gris, Macabeu, Tourbat or Malvoisie du Roussillon, Roussanne, Marsanne, Vermentino

66 66 Côtes du Roussillon les Aspres, AOC Red since 2005 Key numbers communes 46 ha of surface area vines/ha of density Maximum authorised yield : 45 hl/ha Yield : 32,28 hl/ha Production : hl Authorized varietals : Carignan noir, Grenache noir, Syrah, Mourvèdre

67 67 Côtes du Roussillon Villages, AOC Red since 1977 Key numbers communes ha of surface area vines/ha of density Maximum authorised yield : 45 hl/ha Yield : 29,36 hl/ha Production : hl Authorized varietals : Carignan noir, Grenache noir, Lladoner Pelut, Syrah, Mourvèdre

68 68 Côtes du Roussillon Villages Caramany, AOC Red since 1977 Key numbers communes 199 ha of surface area vines/ha of density Maximum authorised yield : 45 hl/ha Yield : 28,14 hl/ha Production : hl Authorized varietals : Carignan noir, Grenache noir, Lladoner Pelut, Syrah, Mourvèdre

69 69 Côtes du Roussillon Villages Latour de France, AOC Red since 1977 Key numbers communes 67 ha of surface area vines/ha of density Maximum authorised yield : 45 hl/ha Yield : 43,28 hl/ha Production : hl Authorized varietals : Carignan noir, Grenache noir, Lladoner Pelut, Syrah, Mourvèdre

70 70 Côtes du Roussillon Villages Lesquerde, AOC Red since 1996 Key numbers communes 34 ha of surface area vines/ha of density Maximum authorised yield : 45 hl/ha Yield : 41,17 hl/ha Production : hl Authorized varietals : Carignan noir, Grenache noir, Lladoner Pelut, Syrah, Mourvèdre

71 71 Côtes du Roussillon Villages Tautavel, AOC Red since 1997 Key numbers communes 221 ha of surface area vines/ha of density Rendement max. autorisé : 45 hl/ha Rendement : 38 hl/ha Production : hl Authorized varietals : Carignan noir, Grenache noir, Lladoner Pelut, Syrah, Mourvèdre

72 72 Collioure, AOC Red since 1971, Rosé since 1991, White since 2003 Key numbers communes 510 ha of surface area vines/ha of density Rendement max. autorisé : 40 hl/ha Rendement : 37,68 hl/ha Production : hl Red : hl Rosé : hl White : hl Authorized varietals : Red and Rosé wines Main varietals: Grenache noir, Syrah, Mourvèdre Secondary varietals: Carignan noir, Cinsault, Grenache gris White wines Main varietals: Grenaches blanc and gris Secondary varietals: Macabeu, Malvoisie, Marsanne, Roussanne, Vermentino

73 73 Rivesaltes, VDN AOC since 1936, Grenat, Ambré and Tuilé since 1997 Key numbers communes – Pyrénées- Orientales 9 communes – Aude ha of surface area vines/ha of density Rendement max. autorisé : 30 hl/ha Rendement : 29,22 hl/ha Production : hl Authorised varietals : Grenat and Tuilé Grenache noir, Grenache blanc, Grenache gris, Macabeu, Tourbat or called Malvoisie du Roussillon Ambré wines Grenache blanc, Grenache gris, Muscat à petits grains, Muscat dAlexandrie, Macabeu, Tourbat or called Malvoisie du Roussillon Secondary varietals: Carignan noir, Cinsault, Syrah, Listan

74 74 Muscat de Rivesaltes, VDN AOC White since 1956 Key numbers communes – Pyrénées-Orientales 9 communes – Aude ha of surface area vines/ha of density Rendement max. autorisé : 30 hl/ha Rendement : 27,26 hl/ha Production : hl Authorised varietals : Muscat à petits grains, Muscat dAlexandrie or called Muscat Romain

75 75 Maury, VDN AOC Red and White since 1936 Key numbers communes 276 ha of surface area vines/ha of density Rendement max. autorisé : 30 hl/ha Rendement : 23,09 hl/ha Production : hl Authorised varietals : Red and Tuilé wines Main varietals: Grenache noir, Grenache blanc, Grenache gris, Macabeu Secondary varietals: Carignan noir, Syrah White and Ambré wines Grenaches gris et blanc, Macabeu, Tourbat, Muscat dAlexandrie, Muscat à petits grains

76 76 Banyuls, VDN AOC Red since 1936, White since 1992 Key numbers communes 516 ha of surface area Rendement max. autorisé : 30 hl/ha Rendement : 21,50 hl/ha Production : hl Authorised varietals : Main varietals: Grenache noir, Grenache blanc, Grenache gris, Muscat à petits grains, Muscat dAlexandrie, Macabeu, Tourbat or called Malvoisie du Roussillon Secondary varietals: Carignan noir, Cinsault, Syrah

77 77 Banyuls Grand Cru, VDN AOC Red since 1962 Key numbers communes 212 ha of surface area Rendement max. autorisé : 30 hl/ha Rendement : 16,50 hl/ha Production : hl Authorised varietals : Main varietals: Grenache noir, Grenache blanc, Grenache gris, Muscat à petits grains, Muscat dAlexandrie, Macabeu, Tourbat or called Malvoisie du Roussillon Secondary varietals: Carignan noir, Cinsault, Syrah

78 78 Breakdown of Vins de pays dOc 25 % 42 % 31 % 2 %

79 79 Vins de pays dOc market share in the French vins de pays category Vins de Pays d'Oc market share in the French Vins de Pays REDROSEWHITETOTAL Percentage of Vins de pays d'Oc / French Vins de Pays 59%45%54%55% Vins de Pays d'Oc Varietal wine shares in the entire French Varietal Vins de Pays category Merlot Cabernet -Sauv. Syrah Cinsault Rosé Syrah Rosé Chardon- nay Sauvi- gnon Total Varietal Wines Percentage of Vins de Pays d'Oc / French Vins de Pays 95%93%96%97%92%88%83%90%

80 80 Vins de pays dOc Vendanges Surmûries Naturally sweet wines, resulting from the vinification of an over-ripe harvest without alcohol mutage The over-ripeness of the grapes can be obtained via two developments: concentration on the vine or through passerillage Noble rot Natural sugar content in the must: minimum 252 g/L Analytical norms as per the approved Appellation rules : Minimum 45 g/l residual sugar in the finished wine

81 Thank you for your attention To your health! Courtesy of Languedoc-Roussillon wines, Southern France

82 Tasting Notes

83 83 Cuvée Royale, Crémant de Limoux Les Vignerons de Sieurs dArques Notes:

84 84 AOC Picpoul de Pinet Domaine Coustellier Notes:

85 85 Collioure Blanc Cornet & Cie 2008 Cave de lAbbé Rous Notes:

86 86 Mas Daumas Gassac Notes:

87 87 Domaine de Fontseque - AOC Corbières Boutenac Gérard Bertrand Notes:

88 88 Côtes du Roussillon Rouge – Three Peaks 2006 Domaine Treloar Notes:

89 89 Vieilles Vignes-Domaine Gauby Notes:

90 90 Maury Prestige 15 ans dage Domaine Mas Amiel Notes:


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