Presentation on theme: "Paris was founded around the 3rd century B.C. by a tribe of Celtic Gauls. Military clashes ended between the Gauls and Romans and the legions of Julius."— Presentation transcript:
Paris was founded around the 3rd century B.C. by a tribe of Celtic Gauls. Military clashes ended between the Gauls and Romans and the legions of Julius Caesar took control of the territory in 52 B.C. Christianity came there in the 2nd century A.D. and after the invasion of the tribe of Franks in the 5th century B.C., Roman rule ended. In 508 A.D. Frankish King Clovis I annexed Gaul to his kingdom and Paris became its capital. Plan of Paris, 1223 Plan of Lutetium The Eifel Tower, 1889
Paris is the capital of France. It is situated in the North of central France, in the Ile-de-France on the banks of the River Seine and it is the most important economic and cultural center. Besides, Paris has a great international significance, because there are the headquarters of UNESCO, OECD and the International Chamber of Commerce.
Eiffel Tower. Height: 318.7 meters Weight: about 10 000 tons Number of weld studs: 2.5 million Swing tops with very strong winds: less than 12 cm At the same time on the tower may be 10,400 people. Average number of visitors per year: 6 million. In clear weather, the radius of the view from the top observation deck - up to 70 km (best visibility - the hour before sunset).
Height is of 49,51 m, width is of 44,82 m, height of the arch is of 29,19 m. It was built in 18061836 by Napoleon's order by architect Jean Shalgrenom. It is decorated with four sculptural groups: "Marseillaise" of sculptor Rud (on the right) and «Triumph of 1810» sculptor Korto; from an avenue de la Grand-Arme "Resistance" (on the right) and "The World" of sculptor Ettex. On the arch walls names of 128 battles won by the republican and imperial army, and also names of 558 French military leaders are engraved. The arch is surrounded by 100 granite curbstones (in honor of "hundred days» of Napoleons reign), connected by cast- iron chains.
In the House of Invalids famous French military people of different eras are buried: Monarchic and revolutionary eras Claude Joseph Ruzhe de Lil the author of the Marseillaise Voban's heart the outstanding military engineer and the marshal of France characters of the first empire Napoleon I Bonaparte Joseph Bonaparte Jerome Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte II Commanders of the two world wars Ferdinand Foch - Marshal of France AUX GRANDS HOMMES LA PATRIE RECONNAISSANTE – TO GREAT PEOPLE THE GRATEFUL FATHERLAND
The Louvre is one of the largest art museums in the world (the world's third floor space: 160,106 square meters). The museum is located in the heart of Paris, on the right bank of the Seine, the Rue de Rivoli in the 1st arrondissement. The museum building is the old royal palace. Equestrian Statue of Louis XIV represents the starting point of the so-called historical axis of Paris.
The history of the Sorbonne begins in 1215, when the Paris University was founded, when several church schools united and formed one of the first universities in Europe. Originally there were 4 faculties: free arts, canon law, medicine and theology. In the XIII century the University became one of the biggest in Europe. After the strike in 1229 1231 the University got the right of local autonomy, submitting to the Pope.
It is the geographical and religious heart of Paris. It is situated in the eastern part of the Île de la Cité at the place of the first Christian church of Paris - Basilica of Saint Stephen, which had been built at the place where there was a temple of Jupiter.
The Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris (French: Basilique du Sacré Cœur, literally - Heart of Christ) is a catholic temple in Paris, built between 1876 and 1910 by the project of Paul Abadie in Roman-Byzantine style. It is situated at the summit of the butte Montmartre, the highest point of the city (130 meters).
Père Lachaise Cemetery (French - Père Lachaise, literally «Father Lashaise») is the largest cemetery in Paris, one of the most famous burial places in Paris, one of the most famous burial places in the world. It is situated in the east of the city in the 20 th arrondissement. The official name is Eastern Cemetery (French - Cimetière de l'Est). It is the biggest green oasis of the French capital and one of the biggest museums of gravestone sculpture outdoors.
Insee : toujours plus de Parisiens. // Mairie de Paris, 06.01.2011 1 2 3 4 Dimensions. Géographie de la capitale. (фр.) // Mairie de Paris, 20.08.2010 1 2 3 4 1 2 Situation géographique. (фр.) // Mairie de Paris, 01.07.2010 1 2 http://www.paris.fr/portail/viewmultimediadocument?multimediadocument- id=21506 Le climat. (фр.) Mairie de Paris, 01.07.2010 20 minutes, 1560, 13 февраля 2009 года, «Les prévisions, bien plus quun passe-temps» A partir de quelle température déclenche-t-on le plan "Grand Froid" à Paris ? (фр.). // Mairie de Paris, 30.11.2010 The largest cities in the world by land area, population and density. (англ.) // City mayors statistics http://www.paris.fr/portail/viewmultimediadocument?multimediadocument- id=21507 Dévélopper le végétal à Paris Paris trie ses déchets Ballon Air de Paris: un ballon pour mesurer la qualité de l'air de Paris [http://www.parisinfo.com/paris-guide/meteo-et-climat/qualite-de-l-air-a- paris/ Qualité de l'air à Paris ]Le Site officiel de l'Office du Tourisme et des Congrès de Paris Air Quality Now - Comparing Cities - Paris Air Quality Details La qualité de l'air s'améliore à Paris. (фр.) Le Figaro, 22.10.2010 Se baigner dans la Seine. (фр.) // La-Croix.com, 05.07.2010 Etat initial d'environnement. (фр.) // Mairie de Paris Plan de lutte contre le bruit Conseil de Paris : Plan anti-bruit