Presentation on theme: "Unit 4 Day 3 January 12, 2015 Agenda: 1.Finish Sacred Cow – 10 sacred things in cow, definitions of Karma, Dharma, Reincarnation, Hinduism, etc 2.. (25."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 4 Day 3 January 12, 2015 Agenda: 1.Finish Sacred Cow – 10 sacred things in cow, definitions of Karma, Dharma, Reincarnation, Hinduism, etc 2.. (25 minutes) 3. Mini Lesson: British East India Company and Colonialism in India! (20 minutes) 4.Work Period: Analyzing the Sepoy Rebellion of 1857 (40 minutes)
Review Above is the McDonald’s menu from India. What differences do you notice?
Aim/Goal: How did British Imperialism Impact India? Elbow Partner: Why do people feel the need to bully other people?
TARGETS Learning Target: SWBAT make a historical claim using evidence from multiple documents. Language target: SWBAT write a short proposition and support paragraph defending a claim about he past.
PURPOSE Using evidence to support our positions in an important life skill! Exercising critical thinking skills and constructing an account of the past based on evidence makes us better thinkers and enables us to understand HOW the past is constructed.
Quick Review! How did Hinduism influence the development of Indian Society? Karma Dharma Reincarnation Caste System
Journal Entry 31: British Imperialism and Colonization in India AIM: How did British Imperialism and Colonization impact India? COLONIALISM IN INDIA Aim/Goal: How did British Imperialism Impact India?
Imperialism …. A strong country taking over another country politically, economically and socially. They exercise power/control over the country. Aim/Goal: How did British Imperialism Impact India?
Why do you think the British are represented as a lion? Aim/Goal: How did British Imperialism Impact India? Do Now: Why do people feel the need to bully other people?
What is Colonialism and trading posts? …. Colonialism usually involves the transfer of a population to a new territory. The new arrivals live there permanently, but are still allegiant to their homeland. They still control the land politically, economically and socially. Trading posts become centers of power – not established by govt., but by trading companies
According to this map, why did the sun never set on the British Empire? Aim/Goal: How did British Imperialism Impact India? Do Now: Why do people feel the need to bully other people?
Background: 15 th and 16 th centuries Vasco da Gama sailed round Cape of Good Hope and found new trade route to India in 1498 British and French set up trading posts Trading posts become centers of power – not established by govt., but by trading companies
Background: The British East India Company The early period of British Colonialism consisted of Companies setting up shop in the country! Mid 1700’s – B.E.I.C. grows to be the largest colonial company operating in India. The company has…. Very little government interference. Local rulers given power to rule. It’s own army ( led by SEPOYS, or Indian soldiers) What is the British East India Company?
INDIA “ THE BRIGHTEST JEWEL IN THE CROWN ” India was considered Britain's most valuable colony ! WHY ARE THEY SO VALUABLE? 1. Major supplier of raw materials 2. Large market for British-made goods. (300 million PEOPLE!) Europe has hit the “INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION” and has become the “worlds workshop”. India was the supplier for that workshop. Aim/Goal: How did British Imperialism Impact India? Do Now: Why do people feel the need to bully other people? +=
A MAJOR TURNING POINT! A major turning point in the history of British Colonialism in India occurred in 1857 when a number of INDIAN soldiers (Sepoys) working for the British East India Company rebelled against the Brits! After this moment, the British took over direct control of India and would rule for another 90 years!!!
Aim/Goal: How did British Imperialism Impact India? Do Now: Why do people feel the need to bully other people? Restrictions Begin ….. Indian economy can no longer operate on it’s own. It’s raw materials (plantation crops: tea, indigo, coffee, cotton, and Opium) are used for British manufacturers. India must buy BRITISH MADE goods! India and Britain could NOT compete economically EX: India’s textile (fabric) industry was put out of business! WHY do you think they were put out of business?? » Indian people were forced by Britain to ONLY BUY British made textiles, NOT Indian ones. Cloth made by England was cheap, as opposed to Indian cloth.
Aim/Goal: How did British Imperialism Impact India? Do Now: Why do people feel the need to bully other people? IMPACT OF COLONIALISM… POSITIVE IMPACT British laid the worlds 3 rd largest railroad network in India. – This brought unity to the originally disconnected areas – Helped develop a modern economy. Modern roads, dams, bridges, irrigation canals = modernization! Sanitation and public health improved! Schools and Colleges founded = High literacy (ability to read) British put an end to local wars between local rulers. NEGATIVE IMPACT British held political and economic power. British restricted INDIAN Industries from making a profit all $ put back into Britain. India produced crops JUST to sell them and give Britain a profit, not to EAT them, this creates famine and disease. Increased presence of missionaries and racism is harsh on Indian life.
TODAY! We’ll practice acting as historians to interpret the past…
What caused the Sepoy Rebellion? Central Historical Question
The Sepoy Rebellion 1857-1858 Background Read Aloud!
British Colonial India 1765-1805 During the first half of the 19 th century, Britain ruled large parts of India through its British East India Company. This was a huge private trading company with governmental powers, such as the power to tax, raise armies, reach agreements with local Indian princes, and take over some regions directly.
British Colonial India 1765-1805 1765 1805 **The British territory is colored pink on the map.**
Mughal Empire India was a huge rural society with millions of poor peasants. A large minority of them were Muslims. The Muslim Mughal emperors once ruled much of India, but they had lost most of their power by the early 1800s. Most Indians were Hindus. They were divided into castes – hierarchical social classes based on beliefs of purity and pollution that each person was born into. The Brahmin caste was the highest one.
Mughal Empire Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and Royal Hunting Party
The British east India Company 1837- 1857 The number of British officials in India was small. However, during the first half of the 19th century, Britain extended its control of the country. In many regions, the East India Company relied on traditional princes and other rulers. In some regions, the Company took direct control, in part to tax land more effectively. Its taxing powers often angered both poor peasants and wealthy aristocratic landowners.
The British East India Company East India Company military officer and his Indian assistant, 1770
Sepoys: Indian Soldiers The sepoys were Indian soldiers serving in the British East India Company's armies. By the 1850s, there were nearly 300,000 sepoys serving in the Company’s army. Note: The British territory is colored pink on the map.
Rebellion of 1857 In 1857, rumors spread that new rifle cartridges were greased with cow and pig fat. Using them would violate both Muslim and Hindu rules. On May 10th 1857, some sepoys violently rebelled, killing English residents in Meerut in north India. They then marched to Delhi to appeal to the last Mughal emperor to lead them. This was the start of the Sepoy Rebellion.
Sepoys: Indian Soldiers Sepoy Infantryman, 1819 Madras Cavalry of British India, 1845
Spread of the Rebellion The Sepoy Rebellion spread to many separate areas in northern India. The sepoys and the British both committed terrible atrocities. Certain incidents in which British women and children were slaughtered aroused enormous outrage in England. British soldiers also fought with fury and ruthless violence. In addition to soldiers, members of the rebellion included some Indian nobility, rural landowners, and peasants. Yet many Indians sided with the British, and not all regions of India took part in the uprising. The uprising was fully suppressed by the middle of 1858. As a result of the rebellion, Britain took over the East India Company’s colonies.
Rebellion of 1857 Attack of the Mutineers at Lucknow, July 30, 1857
Spread of the Rebellion **Note: In this map, the green states remained neutral. The lighter blue states sided with the British. The rebels were active in various ways in the black, darker blue and tan states.**
British Perspective For a long time, people learned of the Sepoy Rebellion mainly from British accounts of it. Historians have offered differing interpretations of the uprising, focusing on different causes and perspectives.
A British Perspective Cartoon from Punch Magazine September 1857
Visual Aid Based on this picture, how were the Indians treated under British Rule?
What caused the Sepoy Rebellion? Central Historical Question
Reminders! Historians make claims based on evidence often found in historical documents. In order to gather credible evidence, historians evaluate the reliability, or trustworthiness of different historical sources. They often do this by considering the point of view and purpose of different historical actors and by comparing how different sources portray historical events.
Your TASK Working in pairs or alone you will analyze 5 documents and develop a claim addressing the lesson’s central question. We will seek to understand an historical event by evaluating contrasting and complementing accounts of it in the evidence.