Presentation on theme: "Are pessimists actually depressed/ sad, or is that just how we as a society view them. By: Jess Tylor."— Presentation transcript:
Are pessimists actually depressed/ sad, or is that just how we as a society view them. By: Jess Tylor
Optimism The standard dictionary definition of optimism is having hopefulness and confidence about the future or the successful outcome of something.
Pessimism The standard dictionary definition of pessimism is a state of mind where someone anticipates undesirable outcomes or believes that the evil or hardships in life outweigh the good or luxuries.
Realism There are also realists, which in a way are like pessimistic people. They don't expect bad things, but they don't expect good things either. They use facts as a way to see the world, and they don't really hope for good things to happen in the future. They base a lot off of things that have happened in the past, and they use that as a way to predict things that will happen, which leads to thinking that things won't turn out in a good way. A common way to describe realists is they see things for what they are, not how people wish things were.
There is a group that compared twins that either grew up together or were adopted separately at a very young age. They found that how they were raised had a big impact on them being optimists, but not pessimists. I found this very interesting, and I started to wonder if being an optimist was more of a natural feeling or thing to have than pessimism. Study about Twins
Other Notes Many people claim to be one or the other, and usually claim to be an optimist. This is because of the negative stigma about being a pessimist. Although there isn’t any real proof of exactly what a pessimist or an optimist are, people speculate, which has led to many wrong assumptions. However, they have proved that there are many positives to being some of both. A lot of what people say is affected by how they personally see the world, and also by how they have experienced it. Studies have shown that pessimists and optimists both motivate themselves in their own way. Other studies have noted that when they gave a ‘pessimist’ and an ‘optimist’ the same problem/ test to solve, they both did equally well on it, just by thinking in their own way.
Conclusion So far, through the research that I’ve done, I personally don’t believe that optimists are necessarily happy people, and pessimists are negative, unhappy people. I think that posters like the ones I just showed help to create a negative view on certain people, even though many people are equally pessimistic and optimistic. I feel like as a society, we label everyone we can, even though we don’t know them or their story. I think that if people spent more time looking at what pessimism and optimism really are on a psychological scale, many peoples views would change.