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(Los mandatos formales)

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Las partes del cuerpo WRITE OUT the following sentences with the correct body part. n Cabeza/dientes/espalda/estómago/mano/pulmones n M ODELO : Guardo.

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Presentation on theme: "(Los mandatos formales)"— Presentation transcript:

1 (Los mandatos formales)
Formal Commands (Los mandatos formales)

2 Formal Commands We use commands to give instructions or to ask people to do things. In Spanish, commands have different forms to distinguish between formal (usted/ustedes) and informal (tú/vosotros) address. Formal commands use subjunctive forms, with the implied meaning that the speaker is trying to influence the listener to do something.

3 Formal Commands Juan, Ud. habla bien el francés.
3/24/2017 Formal Commands We might make a simple statement to communicate a fact. Juan speaks French well, so we tell him so. Juan, Ud. habla bien el francés. It’s very nice that Juan speaks French, but we are in Madrid! So we tell him . . . Por favor, Juan, hable Ud. español. Commands are used (both politely and otherwise) to persuade others to do our bidding. We are trying to get Juan to do something that we want him to do.

4 Formal Commands As mentioned, formal commands are based on subjunctive forms. Notice the following chart: Infinitive Subjunctive Formal commands Ud. Uds. hablar hable hable hablen pensar piense piense piensen comer coma coma coman saber sepa sepa sepan escribir escriba escriba escriban ir vaya vaya vayan pedir pida pida pidan

5 Formal Commands dé, den Dar  Ir  vaya, vayan Ser  Haber  sea, sean
Of course, the same six (DISHES) verbs are irregular with command forms as they are in the subjunctive. dé, den Dar  Ir  Ser  Haber  Estar  Saber  vaya, vayan sea, sean haya, hayan esté, estén sepa, sepan

6 Formal Commands Following are examples of formal commands:
3/24/2017 Formal Commands Following are examples of formal commands: Hable con su gerente. Speak to your manager. Despida a ese empleado, Sr. Ruiz. Fire that employee, Mr. Ruiz. Salgan pronto de la oficina. Leave the office soon. Piensen antes de hablar. Think before speaking.

7 Formal Commands No llegue tarde. No asciendan a todos los empleados.
3/24/2017 Formal Commands Negative commands are formed by placing no in front of the command form. No llegue tarde. Don’t arrive late. No asciendan a todos los empleados. Don’t promote all of the employees.

8 Formal Commands Piense usted. No griten ustedes en el trabajo.
3/24/2017 Formal Commands Subject pronouns may be used with commands for emphasis or clarification. As a rule, they are placed after the verb. Piense usted. You think. No griten ustedes en el trabajo. Don’t you shout at work.

9 3/24/2017 Formal Commands Object pronouns follow and are attached to affirmative commands and precede negative commands. Affirmative commands with pronouns attached require a written accent. ¡Váyase de aquí! Leave here! Tráiganmelo, por favor. Bring it to me, please. No se levante, señorita. Don’t get up, miss. No se lo den al jefe. Don’t give it to the boss.

10 FIN

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