2 Why?Fundamentalism- strict adherence to religious values. A way for a group to keep cultural identity.My way is the right way. –TraditionalistsThrough globalization, fundamentalists struggle more and more in keeping with the strict adherence to their religious text as well as keeping those followers ‘in line’ too.Belief that because of your religion, you have the right to invade those areas which do not adhere to said religion.
3 Religion vs. Government Globalization means exposure to all types of religious values.Conflict between governmental policy and religious followings cause problems.Communist governments, which minimize the importance of religion. Secular governments which keep religion and governmental functions separate. Political organizations and governments that rule in accordance to religious text but are dealing with push back from citizens.Eastern Orthodox and Islam v. CommunismTaliban v. Western IdeasHinduism v. Social Equality
4 Religious ConflictsTwo primary examples:IrelandIsrael/Palestine
6 Republic of Ireland 1949 (Southern) Ireland- 92% Roman Catholic Northern Ireland- part of the U.K, 58% Protestant, 42% Roman CatholicWhen Ireland became independent it was the Northern Protestants who wanted to remain apart of the U.K.The catholic minority along with Southern Ireland formed a militia (IRA) with the goal to unite all of Ireland.
7 Sectarian ConflictViolent conflict along religious or political lines.Form of communal violence between different sects of one particular religion or ideology
10 Treatment of Catholics Roman Catholics of Northern Ireland have faced discrimination, loss of job opportunity, restricted access to schools.The city of Belfast is an example of the segregation and isolation experienced by N.I Catholics.
12 Ongoing Violence The religious battle had been long standing. 3,000 people have been killed in the battle to remain apart of the U.K or a united Ireland.Many are willing to live peacefully together but fundamentalists keep the violent movement going forward.There was a treaty formed in 1999 but never signed.
13 Conflict in Middle East Jews, Christians and Muslims all trace their religious history back to Abraham.Palestine/Israel“The Holy Land” “The Promise Land”
14 Judaism Viewpoint Promised Land Major events in development of religion occurred there.Customs, culture, ritual stem from the agriculture of the ancient Hebrew tribes.
15 Islam Jerusalem- third Holy City Muhammad was said to have ascended to heaven there.
16 The fight for controlThis area had been under the control of many empires.The latest being the British EmpireIn 1947 the UN took control and began a series of Israel/Palestine hot-potato.
17 Who’s who? Palestinians Israelis People living in the territories captured by Israel in 1967.Muslim citizens of IsraelPeople who fled from Israel after Israel was created in 1948People who fled from occupied territories after 1967 warCitizens of other countries who identify themselves as PalestiniansDisplaced ethnic group with no homeForced out of Israel territoryForced out of Europe during WWIIWas promised to them by Holy Doctrine
23 Who’s Right? Palestinian Perspective: Pushed out by UN (Jordan and Egypt control)After 1973, J and E recognize them as independent state to control Gaza and West BankWatch Israel continue to take over more and more territory. Encourage Israelites to move into Palestinian territory.Some want to come up with a compromise while others will not rest until entire territory is restored.
24 Israeli Perspective: Small country Jewish majority in area Surrounded by Arab nationsNo alternate homelandBuilding walls- controversial (cuts off Palestinians from work, water, resources)Has decreased the number of suicide bombers and attacks
31 Holy Site-challengesThe sacred spaces for Jews and Muslims were practically built on one another.Jewish first and second holy temples were built in Jerusalem but then was destroyed with the exception of one wall.This wall is known as the Western Wall or the Wailing Wall. Prayer is performed here daily.