4 Elements of Drama Playwright - author of a play Script – text of a playActors - people who performActs - units of actionScenes - parts of the acts
5 Dramatic Speech Dialogue - conversation between or among characters Monologue - long speech by one single characterSoliloquy – character alone on stage reveals private thoughts to the audience.Aside – a brief remark that a character expresses to the audience.
6 Characters – actorsConflict – strugglePlot – sequence of eventsClimax – point of greatest tension
7 Stage DirectionsSets of bracketed information that tells what the stage looks like and how characters should move and speak Center Stage = CStage Left = LStage Right = RUpstage or Rear = U.S.Downstage (front)= D.S.
9 Set Construction on the stage that shows time/place Could be called Scenery
10 PropsMovable objects that the actors use to make actions look real
11 Dramatic Effect - illusion of reality Theme – insight into lifeDramatic Conventions – methods to enhance the story
12 Types of DramaAncient Greeks developed drama and created two types: Comedy and Tragedy.
13 Comedy a form of drama that has a happy ending. Stresses the weaknesses of ordinary people or society.
14 TragedyTragedy is a form of drama in which events lead to the downfall of the main character, like a king or hero.Tragic hero – main characterTragic flaw – mistaken action or defect in characterChorus – group that comments on the actionDramatic irony – audience knows but characters don’t