Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

J UDICIAL B RANCH R EVIEW. Under the Articles of Confederation, what courts had all the authority?

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "J UDICIAL B RANCH R EVIEW. Under the Articles of Confederation, what courts had all the authority?"— Presentation transcript:


2 Under the Articles of Confederation, what courts had all the authority?

3 State Courts…no Judicial Branch

4 Judicial branch was created under which article of the Constitution?

5 Article III

6 How does the Judicial branch check the Executive branch?

7 Supreme Court can declare executive acts unconstitutional

8 How does the Executive branch check the judicial branch?

9 President appoints justices

10 Today, the US has a _____ system of courts.

11 dual

12 Having a dual system of courts means we have both _________ and __________ courts.

13 Federal and state

14 What is the difference between federal and state courts?

15 Federal courts decide on cases involving the constitution and federal laws. The state courts decide on cases involving state laws.

16 What are the two types of cases heard in any court?

17 Civil and Criminal

18 What is the difference between civil and criminal cases?

19 Civil cases are between two parties and criminal cases are when the accused has broken a law.

20 Congress created the federal district courts through what act?

21 Judiciary Act of 1789

22 What is a federal crime?

23 a crime that is either made illegal by U.S. federal legislation or a crime that occurs on U.S. federal property.

24 What does jurisdiction mean in the judicial branch?

25 The authority of the courts to hear certain cases

26 What are the 3 types of jurisdiction?

27 Original, appellate, and concurrent

28 What is original jurisdiction?

29 The court that has the right to hear the case for the first time

30 What is appellate jurisdiction?

31 Courts that review cases that have been appealed in lower courts

32 What is concurrent jurisdiction?

33 A case that can be tried on the federal or state level.

34 What courts have original jurisdiction?

35 Federal district courts and the Supreme Court

36 What courts have appellate jurisdiction?

37 Federal court of appeals and Supreme Court

38 How many district courts does each state have?

39 At least one…it depends on the population

40 How long do federal district court judges serve?

41 For “life”

42 What is a defendant?

43 The party being charged or accused

44 How many people serve on a standard jury?

45 12

46 How many jurors decide an appellate case?

47 none

48 A panel of how many judges decides appellate cases?

49 3

50 A vast majority of cases heard by the supreme court are what type of cases?

51 appellate

52 How many justices preside over the Supreme Court?

53 9…1 chief justice and 8 associate justices

54 Who is the current chief justice?

55 John Roberts

56 Name 2 associate justices (can just be last names)


58 What are the qualifications for being a judge?

59 There aren’t any

60 Why do judges serve for “life”?

61 allows judges to be free from political pressures when deciding cases (don’t have to worry about being re-elected)

62 How are judges removed from the bench?

63 Impeachment AND conviction

64 What are 2 things the president considers when nominating a supreme court justice?

65 Party affiliation – chooses judges from their political party Judicial philosophy – chooses judges who share their political ideology Race, gender, religion, region Judicial experience – previous experience as judge or attorney “litmus test” – chooses a judge based on their view on 1 single issue (ex. Abortion) Acceptability – chooses a judge who is non- controversial and will be easily confirmed by the Senate

66 Who was the first African American supreme court justice?

67 Thurgood Marshall

68 Who was the first female supreme court justice?

69 Sandra Day O’Connor

70 What are the two reasons most cases brought to the Supreme Court are not heard?

71 1.) Justices agree with the lower court decision. 2.) Justices believe the case does not involve a significant point of law

72 How many justices have to agree to hear the case in order for it to be heard?

73 4 out of 9

74 What is a writ of certiorari?

75 an order by the Court (when petitioned) directing a lower court to send up records of a case for review

76 What is a case brief?

77 A detailed statement of the facts of the case supporting a particular position by presenting arguments based on relevant facts and citations from previous cases

78 What are the three types of opinions of the Supreme Court?

79 1.) Majority Opinion – opinion agreed upon by a majority of the justices 2.) Concurring Opinion – written by a justice or justices who agree with the majority opinion, but not with the reasoning behind the decision 3.) Dissenting Opinion – written by a justices or justices who disagree with the majority opinion

80 Name a famous case decided by Chief Justice Earl Warren

81 Brown v. Board of Education (1954) – ended segregation in public schools Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) – states required to provide attorneys for those accused of a crime Miranda v. Arizona (1966) – police have to inform anyone questioned of their rights in order to use the information in court

82 Name a famous case decided by Chief Justice Warren Berger

83 Roe v. Wade (1973) – declared abortions legal with special time constraints U.S. v. Nixon (1974) – ruled that President Nixon’s private recordings were not protected under presidential privilege and ordered them be turned over to the house investigators

84 Name a famous case decided on by Chief Justice William Rehnquist

85 Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992) – upheld and ruled constitutional a Pennsylvania law requiring a minor to wait 24 hours after receiving parental approval before getting an abortion – but ruled unconstitutional a provision that required a woman to obtain “informed spousal consent” before having an abortion Roper v. Simmons (2004) – declared that the death penalty was unconstitutional for anyone under the age of 18

86 What is the difference between Judicial Activism and Judicial Restraint?

87 Activism is having an active role in legislature. Restraint is operating strictly within the constraints of the Constitution.

88 How many courts of appeals are there?

89 12

90 What is a plaintiff?

91 The party bringing the charges

92 How does the Judicial Branch check the legislative branch?

93 Judicial branch can declare laws unconstitutional

94 How does the legislative branch check the judicial branch?

95 Congress has to approve judicial appointments

Download ppt "J UDICIAL B RANCH R EVIEW. Under the Articles of Confederation, what courts had all the authority?"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google