Presentation on theme: "Chapter 20: An Urban Society"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 20: An Urban Society 1865-1914 The New ImmigrantsWhat were some characteristics of the new wave of immigrants that arrived after 1865?
2 The “OLD” ImmigrantsBefore 1865: Mainly Northern and Western Europeans
3 After 1900: Eastern and Southern Europeans began arriving .
4 Differences: Religion (many Catholics and Jews), non-English speaking, looked different Also: Other groups arrive- Mexicans, Chinese, Japanese
5 Leaving Troubles Behind- Push/Pull Factors “Push” factors:Economic troubles: poverty, joblessness, overcrowding, crop failures, not owning land, new machines replace workersPersecution: laws or policies passed against certain ethnic groups
6 “Pull” factorsOpportunity: A place of jobs, plentiful land, and better life
7 Settling in America: Seeking Opportunity Journey: Travel – twoweeks across Atlantic Ocean,or several weeks acrossPacific Ocean, usually insteerage
10 What happened there? 1st step: ferry to the island 2nd step: Examiners record names, country of origin, occupation, relatives in U.S.3rd step: Health examinationWhat if you didn’t pass the inspection?You may be sent back to your homeland, or you may be sent to the hospital complex on Ellis Island
11 The Immigrant Experience Jobs- settled where they found workExamples:-factories (mills, steel, clothing, etc)-sweatshops-general laborers
12 Becoming Americans: Adjusting to America Melting PotBlending called assimilation: process of becoming part of the American culture
13 Building Communities Ethnic neighborhoods develop -immigrants settled with people of same culture (language, religion, experiences)LITTLE ITALYChinatown
14 The Nativist MovementImmigration caused prejudice; led to restrictions-immigrants blamed for problems1882: Chinese Exclusion Act:Prohibited Chinese workers from entering the United States for 10 yearsImmigration Act of 1917: Literacy Requirement-Had to read or write in some language