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# 2.2 Density Density describes how much mass is in a given volume of a material.

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2.2 Density Density describes how much mass is in a given volume of a material.

2.2 Density Solids, liquids and gases are matter, so they all have density. The density of water is about one gram per cubic centimeter. What is less dense than water? Write down at least 1 thing.

2.2 Density The units used for density depend on whether the substance is solid or liquid. For liquids use units of grams per milliliter (g/mL) For solids use density in units of g/cm3 or kg/m3.

2.2 Density Density changes for different substances because:
Atoms & molecules are bigger or smaller. Atoms may be “packed” tightly or loosely.

2.2 Density of common materials
Density is a characteristic property of the type of matter. The size and or shape of the sample doesn’t matter.

2.2 Density of common materials
Liquids tend to be less dense than solids of the same material.

2.2 Determining Density To find the density of a material, you need to know the mass and volume of a solid sample of the material. Mass is measured with a balance or scale. Use the displacement method or calculate the volume if it is an irregular shape.

Calculating Density Looking for: Given: Relationship: Solution:
Solving Problems Calculating Density Looking for: …the density of the candle Given: …mass = 1500 g; volume = 1700 mL Relationship: D = m/V Solution: 1,500 g ÷ 1,700 mL = g/mL # Sig. fig = .88 g/mL

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