# Properties of Matter Chapter Four: Density and Buoyancy

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Properties of Matter Chapter Four: Density and Buoyancy
Chapter Five: States of Matter

Chapter Four: Density and Buoyancy

Investigation 4A Density What is density and how is it measured?

4.1 Density Density describes how much mass is in a given volume of a material.

4.1 Density Solids, liquids and gases are matter, so they all have density.

4.1 Density The units used for density depends on whether the substance is solid or liquid. For liquids use units of grams per milliliter (g/mL) For solids use density in units of g/cm3 or kg/m3.

4.1 Problem Solving Problem solving is important in all careers.
Financial analysts are expected to look at information about businesses and figure out which companies are succeeding. Doctors collect information about patients and must figure out what is causing pain or an illness. Mechanics gather information about a car and have to figure out how to fix the engine.

4.1 Density of common materials
Density is a property of material independent of quantity or shape.

4.1 Density of common materials
Liquids tend to be less dense than solids of the same material. Water is an exception to this rule. The density of solid water, or ice, is less than the density of liquid water.

4.1 Volume Volume is the amount of space an object takes up.
The volume of a rectangular solid is found by multiplying length times width times height.

4.1 Volume Measuring the volume of liquids is easy.
Pour the liquid into a marked container called a graduated cylinder and read the volume.

4.1 Displacement You can find the volume of an irregular shape using a technique called displacement. Find the volume of an irregularly shaped object by putting it in water and measuring the amount of water displaced.

4.1 Finding Density To find the density of a material, you need to know the mass and volume of a solid sample of the material. Mass is measured with a balance or scale. Use the displacement method or calculate the volume.

4.1 Finding Density When calculating volume, all of the units of length involved in the calculation must be the same.

4.1 Why density varies Density changes for different substances because: Atoms have different masses. Atoms may be “packed” tightly or loosely.

Will it sink or will it float?
Activity Will it sink or will it float?

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