Presentation on theme: "Chemical Bonding. Chemical Bond The forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them function as a unit Bonding involves only the valence electrons."— Presentation transcript:
Chemical Bond The forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them function as a unit Bonding involves only the valence electrons There are 2 types of bonds: – Ionic: Transfer of electrons from a metal and to a nonmetal – Covalent: Sharing of electrons between 2 nonmetals –Note: When 2 metals bond an alloy is formed Electrons are transferred or shared to give each atom a noble gas configuration (stable octet) –This is known as the octet rule
Lewis Diagrams Valence electrons involved in bonding can be represented by Lewis dot diagrams A chemical symbol represents the nucleus and the core electrons (not involved in bonding). Dots around the symbol represent valence electrons.
Drawing Lewis Diagrams 1.Write the element symbol. 2.Draw dots, one for each valence electron 3.Dots should be spread over 4 sides It does not matter what side the dots are placed, but do not start to pair dots until there is one on each side The number of valence electrons is equal to the group number. With one exception. Cl