2 Political PartyGroup of people who seek to control government through winning elections and holding public officeMajor parties: In America, the Republican and Democratic parties
3 Major Functions (there are 5) Nominate CandidatesInform and Activate SupportersBonding AgentGoverningAct as a watch dog
4 Nominating Candidates Major function of a political partySelect candidates to present to votersHelp those candidates win elections
5 Informing and Activating Supporters Inform people and activate their interest and participation in public affairsHow do they do this?CampaigningTake stands on issuesCriticize opponentsPamphlets, signs, buttons, advertisements, speeches, rallies, conventions
6 Bonding AgentAct as a bonding agent to ensure the good performance of candidates and office holdersChoose candidates that are qualified and of good characterIf the party chooses a poor candidate, it could suffer in the future.
7 Governing U.S. Government is government by party Office holders are regularly chosen on the basis of partyCongress and State Legislatures do business on the basis of Partisanship: (action based on allegiance to a political party)Most appointments by the executive branch are done on the basis of party
8 Act as a watch dogWatch over the conduct of the public’s business (especially the party out of power)Party out of Power: the party that doesn’t have control of the presidencyParty in Power: has control of the presidencyParty out of power plays role of “the loyal opposition” (they are opposed to the party in power, but loyal to the people and the nation)