Presentation on theme: "El Pretérito vs. El Imperfecto"— Presentation transcript:
1 El Pretérito vs. El Imperfecto A question of HOW LONG?
2 Let’s REMEMBER…. Preterit tells us when something is DONE. It’s essentially the –ed tense.Imperfect tells us that something used to happen, or happened for some time in the past, but we don’t know for how long… it may even still be going on.The key words are USED TO andWAS …-ING.
3 The Preterit is a COMPLETED past action that is DONE! * POOF! * The Imperfect is an ONGOING past action that we don’t know for how long it has happened, or if it is still going on?!?
4 Use the PRETERIT in sentences that have indicated a SPECIFIC time, like one day, last Saturday, July 4th, etc.Last night I ate chicken soup.Anoche comí sopa de pollo.On Saturday I went to the hockey game.El sábado fui al partido del hockey.
5 Here is the list of key words that indicate SPECIFIC TIME, PRETERIT… put them in your notes! Anoche last nightAyer yesterdayEl martes (lunes, etc.) on TuesdayEl 5 de octubre (any date) October 5thEl año pasado last yearEl mes pasado last monthLa semana pasada last weekEl fin de semana the weekend
6 I ate shrimp from time to time. Comía gambas de vez en cuando. Use the IMPERFECT in sentences that you don’t know for how long the action occurred. A GENERAL time like always, on Saturdays, sometimes, etc.I ate shrimp from time to time.Comía gambas de vez en cuando.I used to study all the time.Estudiaba todo el tiempo.
7 Here is the list of key words that indicate a GENERAL TIME… IMPERFECT…put them in your notes! Siempre alwaysA veces sometimesDe vez en cuando from time to timeLos sábados (martes, etc.) on SaturdaysTodo el tiempo all the timeCada día (lunes, mes, etc.) every dayGeneralmente generallyFrecuentemente frequently
8 SO… In SUMMARY:Preterit means –ED, and is POOF done! It is a completed past action.Imperfect means USED TO, and WAS –ING! We don’t know for HOW LONG it happened in the past…. It may still be going on. WHO KNOWS? Only the speaker.
9 Try this. Would you choose preterit or imperfect for the following sentences? I went to the store yesterday.a. preterit b. imperfectI saw Adela there.She was wearing a gray t-shirt.She and her friend were buying toothpaste.I bought a new CD.You must get them all right. The last correct answer will allow you to move on!
10 ¡ Sí !It’s preterit because there is a specific time indicated and you know that it is POOF, done!¡Buen trabajo! Back
11 No… mira otra vezThere must be a specific time indicated. That’s why you choose preterit! It could also be that it’s just DONE…POOF!Back
12 ¡Buenísimo! A general time, or no indication of how long the action occurredis the IMPERFECT tense! Yeah!!!Back
13 Uh-oh… piensa un poco…There must NOT be a specific time indicated. That’s why you choose imperfect.Go back and read the sentence and ask yourself… “For how long has this action occurred? Could it still be going?”If you cannot answer those questions… it’s IMPERFECT!back
14 You’re doing ¡FANTÁSTICO! Now… lets try it in Spanish!Choose A or B to fill in the blank.El año pasado mi madre _______ uncarro nuevo.a. compró b. compraba
15 ¡Buen Trabajo! She bought it… that’s a completed past action. Plus we know the specific time…last year.
16 ¡Ay! No… sigue tratando. Is there a specific time? USE PRETERIT! Is there a general time? USE IMPERFECT!
17 Try one more: _________ libros de misterio todo el tiempo. a. Leí b. Leía
18 ¡MUY BIEN! I used to read… all of the time. All the time is a general time indicating imperfect!Bien hecho.
19 ¡Ay! No… sigue tratando. Is there a specific time? USE PRETERIT! Is there a general time? USE IMPERFECT!
20 ¡Ay! No… sigue tratando. Is there a specific time? USE PRETERIT! Is there a general time? USE IMPERFECT!
21 Let’s try a couple more… Anoche ___________ la televisión por dos horas.a. miré b. mirabaEl sábado pasado yo ___________ al centro comercial.a. fui b. iba
22 Increíble… Last night I watched television for two hours. LAST NIGHT is the specific time that tells you to use preterit!¡¡¡Buen trabajo!!!
23 ¡Tú eres la BOMBA!Last Saturday I went to the mall… POOF, it’s done… I went on the specific time of last Saturday… which indiactes preterit.¡Muy bien!
24 Alright… let’s see what ya got? Now pick the correct form of the verb, AND the reason WHY! Yikes! Think clearly! Look for the key words!Siempre ____________ a la escuela.a. conducía/ I droveb. conduje/ siempre is a key word for thepreterit tensec. conducía/ siempre is a key word for the imperfect tensed. conduje/ I poof drove, that one time
25 Bzzzttt… incorrect!Wrong tense, wrong reason…Do you know why?