Presentation on theme: "The Writing Process. THE WRITING PROCESS ◦ The writing process consists of 3 broad stages: Prewriting (before writing) Writing (during) Postwriting."— Presentation transcript:
THE WRITING PROCESS ◦ The writing process consists of 3 broad stages: Prewriting (before writing) Writing (during) Postwriting (after writing)
PREWRITING ◦ Prewriting includes all the preliminary things you do to get started writing: analyzing the prompt or Choosing your topic exploring what you know or need to know about the topic (listing, brainstorming, clustering, 6 questions, freewriting, etc) narrowing or focusing your topic
REMEMBER ◦ Two things that always influence your writing are: Audience - the person you are writing for Purpose - the reason you are writing
WRITING ◦ Writing is the easy part; it simply involves putting your ideas into sentences and paragraphs. (1 st draft) Don’t think too much about it, just get ideas on paper. Don’t overanalyze what you are putting on paper…yet.
POSTWRITING ◦ Postwriting includes: Revising - change, add, or cut information Editing – proofread and edit (2 nd draft) Publishing – share your writing (Final Draft)
REVISION ◦ During revision, you consider the expression of your ideas from the reader's point of view. This is where you will add, delete, or rearrange your ideas if necessary, and it’s always necessary. Don’t be afraid to make major changes to your paper at this time.
ELABORATION ◦ An essential part of good writing is the effective use of elaboration aka support, or development) ◦ Make sure you have completely developed or explained the ideas in your paper. ◦ Never include information that does not add to the reader's understanding of your essay.
TYPES OF ELABORATION ◦ Examples of different types of support include: Personal Anecdote - a short personal story to support your point of view. Examples - a similar case to that under discussion. Facts - something that is known to be true or which can be proven. Quoting or paraphrasing from the text
TRANSITIONS ◦ Good writers use transitions, words or phrases that help make movement from one sentence to another or from one paragraph to another clear, smooth, and easy to follow.
Editing ◦ When you edit your paper you are proofreading it for errors. ◦ Consider the following: The paper appears professional? Spelling and punctuation? Sentences clear and easy to read? Documentation style?
THE SENTENCE Remember to write in complete sentences: ◦ A sentence is a group of words containing a subject and a verb which expresses a complete thought.
THE PARAGRAPH Remember to organize your essay into paragraphs: ◦ A paragraph is a group of sentences that develop a main idea.
DOES SIZE MATTER? ◦ There is no set length for a paragraph; a good rule of thumb is that a paragraph should be as long as necessary to completely develop its topic. ◦ 2 possible exceptions include introductory paragraphs and concluding paragraphs.
WHAT’S A PARAGRAPH MADE OF? ◦ Paragraphs are made up of three types of sentences: a topic sentence, supporting sentences, and a concluding sentence. The topic sentence introduces the topic of the paragraph. Supporting sentences explain or develop the topic. The concluding sentence wraps up the paragraph and may transition into the next paragraph.
THE ESSAY ◦ An essay is a group of paragraphs that expresses, explains, develops, proves, disproves, or defends a bigger idea. ◦ In any given piece of writing, you usually create paragraphs in order to group and communicate your main ideas effectively.
A USEFUL COMPARISON Paragraph: ◦ A topic/introductory sentence. ◦ Supporting sentences ◦ A concluding sentence Essay: ◦ An introductory paragraph (w/thesis) ◦ Supporting paragraphs ◦ A concluding paragraph