Presentation on theme: "The Modern Middle East Mandate System After WWII The Establishment of the Jewish State of Israel Arab and Israeli Conflict."— Presentation transcript:
The Modern Middle East Mandate System After WWII The Establishment of the Jewish State of Israel Arab and Israeli Conflict
Mandate System The Mandate System after WWI – The Ottoman Empire broke apart and its former territory in the Middle East was given to the British and French. – Mandates were governed by western powers until the territory could set up their own governments. – Britain Controlled Transjordan or today the country of Jordan Palestine or today the country of Israel Iraq – France Controlled Syria Lebanon The Mandate System after WWII – The Middle East Mandates were granted their independence after World War II – The creation of the a Jewish State of Israel out of Palestine. – The new Jewish State of Israel caused a number of Middle East conflicts that were created by religious differences.
The Creation of Israel as a Jewish State Zionist Movements 1890 – 1948 – In 1917, Balfour Declaration After World War II, Palestine was still controlled by Great Britain. In 1947, the United Nations Partition Palestine. In 1948, the British withdrew from Palestine and the Jews proclaimed the area the independent state of Israel. Arab countries surrounding Israel launched the first of several attacks on Israel but were defeated with Western help. In 1948 the conflict resulted in the large numbers of Palestinians refugees Arab and Israeli both felt very embittered by each other and conflicts will continue for years to come.
Arab and Israeli Conflict In 1967, the Six-Day War. Israel gains territory as a result of the conflict – The West Bank and East Jerusalem – Jordan – Sunni Peninsula and the Gaza Strip – Egypt – Golan Heights – Syria
In 1973, the Yom Kippur War – Yom Kippur, is one of the holiest days in the Jewish calendar. Arab and Israeli Conflict
Israeli Leader Golda Meir - Israel – Prime Minister of Israel from 1969 – 1974. – Negotiated Peace – Sought support of the United States
Arab Leader Gamal Abdul Nasser – Egypt – Became President of Egypt in 1956 – Nationalized the Suez Canal – Established a relationship with the Soviet Union for financial aid and military supplies – Built the Aswan High Dam – Nationalist Policy of Pan- Arabism
Is there peace between the Arabs and Israelis today?
Let’s Review After WWI the Ottoman Empire was broken up into ______________ that were administrated by the French and British. What two countries were administrated by the French after WWI? This conflict broke out in 1973 where Arab nations of Egypt, Syria, and Jordan jointly attacked Israel on one of Jewish religions holiest days. Who was the Prime Minister of Israel from 1969 to 1974? This leader of Egypt was responsible for the nationalization of the Suez Canal and built the Aswan High Dam.