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Polymer Molecule made of many monomers bonded togetherAlso known as a Macromolecule
Monomer molecule that can bond to other similar molecules to form a larger molecule
Macromolecule A polymer with a high molecular mass; four groups within living things: carbohydrates, lipids, protein, nucleic acids
Carbohydrates A macromolecule that contains atoms of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in 1:2:1 ratio and serves as a major source of energy for living things
Protein A macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen; performs a variety of structural and regulatory functions for cells
Peptide Bond Type of bond connecting two amino acids to form a protein
Lipids hydrophobic macromolecule consisting of a long chain of carbon and hydrogen atoms
Base any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when dissolved in water; falls above 7 on the pH scale
Acid compound that forms hydrogen ions (H+) in solution; falls below 7 on the pH scale
Dehydration Synthesisa chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to produce water or another simple molecule
Catalyst A substance that enables a chemical reaction to proceed at a faster rate by lowering activation energy
Enzyme A protein that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without being changed by the reaction; organic catalyst
Nucleotide Monomer used to build nucleic acids (5 types)
Nucleic Acid A biological macromolecule (DNA or RNA) composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus that stores genetic information
Macromolecules are large molecules formed by joining smaller organic molecules together.
Atom Building block of life (MOLECULES/COMPOUNDS).
Compounds of Living Things The micro and macromolecules that make up living things.
Biology 1 Study Guide 2.3, 2.4.
Chapter 3 Table of Contents Section 1 Carbon Compounds
Do Now Sit down and start to fill out the vocabulary organizer with any words that you know. This will be for homework.
Monomers and Polymers Monomers are small units that join together to form polymers. A polymer is large compound made of many monomers. Process in which.
Biomolecules Carbon Compounds Macromolecules Organic Molecules
Organic Molecules vocabulary. Lipids Lipids: Fats and oils. Composed of carbon and hydrogen. They are used to store energy long term. Examples: butter,
What type of food? Carbohydrates, protein, lipids?
Macromolecules - Proteins
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY AND ENZYMES EQ: What kind of organic compound are enzymes and what do enzymes do?
Organisms are made up of carbon-based molecules.
Biology 2.3 Carbon Compounds
Cell Transport and Biochemistry Day 2. Cell Transport-Passive Transport Passive Transport: does NOT require energy Molecules move from an area of high.
BIOCHEMISTRY pp CARBON COMPOUNDS CARBON BONDING Has 4 electrons in the outer level so it can bond 4 times Has 4 electrons in the outer level so.
Carbon Compounds. The Element Carbon Carbon is the most abundant element found in living things. Carbon has 4 valence electrons which enable it.
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