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Protein Synthesis Study Guide
DNA and RNA DNA has 2 strands, RNA has 1. DNA has thymine , RNA has uracil DNA has deoxyribose, RNA has ribose
Nucleotides Phosphate 5 carbon sugar Nitrogenous base
DNA Double helix Structure discovered by Watson and Crick
Proteins All human proteins are made of a combination of 20 amino acids. Amino acids are connected by peptide bonds. Chains of amino acids make up proteins
Complementary bases DNA T-A C-G RNA A-U
Three processes Replication: DNA made from DNA Transcription: mRNA made from DNA Translation: mRNA pairs up with tRNA
Mutations Insertion: one more base Deletion: one less base Inversion: a segment is flipped, but the number of bases is unchanged Mutagen: an agent in the environment that can change DNA
The bases Purines: 2 rings, Adenine, Guanine Pyrimidines: 1 ring, Thymine (in DNA), Uracil (in RNA), and Cytosine 3 base sequence in mRNA is a codon 3 base sequencein tRNA is an anti-codon
DNA is always found in the nucleus only In the cell DNA is always found in the nucleus only Protein synthesis takes place at the ribosome, which is made of rRNA.
DNA - RNA Review. DNA What is the abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid ?
DNA Proteins are found in all ________ ________ Are species specific/ individual specific (transplant rejections) Importance of DNA Chromosome: DNA + ____.
Vocabulary Review A. Three part subunit made up of a deoxyribose sugar (5 carbon sugar), a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. A. Three part subunit.
12-3: RNA AND PROTEIN SYNTHESIS Biology 2. DNA double helix structure explains how DNA can be copied, but not how genes work GENES: sequence of DNA that.
DNA Biology Lab 11. Nucleic Acids DNA and RNA both built of nucleotides containing Sugar (deoxyribose or ribose) Nitrogenous base (ATCG or AUCG) Phosphate.
RNA: Structure and Function. RNA FUNCTION Function: RNA reads blueprints (DNA) & makes protein.
DNA Study Guide 35 multiple choice 1 DNA problem (replication, transcription, & translation)
How DNA helps make you you. DNA Function Your development and survival depend on… Your development and survival depend on… which proteins your cells.
DNA => RNA => PROTEIN Central Dogma of Life. DNA Name: Deoxyribonucleic Acid “Molecule of Life” Stays in the nucleus of eukaryotes Codes for RNA and ultimately.
What does DNA stand for? Deoxyribonucleic Acid _______ is the enzyme that chemically links Okazaki fragments together DNA Ligase.
DNA Structure and Function
C-11 Review for test.. WHAT BASE ALWAYS PAIR WITH ADENINE IN DNA? THYMINE.
Mrs. Degl Molecular Genetics DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in humans and almost all other organisms. Nearly every cell in a.
RNA & Protein Synthesis.
DNA Abbreviation- Deoxyribonucleic Acid James Watson & Francis Crick- in 1953 discovered DNA was 2 strands and twisted Double Helix- 2 word term to describe.
$200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 DNA, mRNA, or tRNA? MAKIN’ PROTEIN THE LANGUAGE OF.
Chapter 12 – DNA and Proteins DNA Structure: DNA is made of many smaller subunits called nucleotides.
D.N.A. DeoxyriboNucleic Acid
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