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The Enlightenment © Students of History -

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1 The Enlightenment © Students of History -

2 Your Enlightenment Book Fold your 2 sheets of blank white paper together into a book and staple them together.

3 The Enlightenment What Age of applying reason to the human and natural worlds Response to absolute monarchs Fueled democratic revolutions and religious tolerance

4 Voltaire John Locke French writer on: Freedom of speech Religious toleration Separation of church & state “"I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it"

5 John Locke English writer of Two Treatises on Government Says that people are the source of power Government must protect our natural rights “All people have the natural rights, including life, liberty, and property. © Students of History -

6 Montesquieu French writer of On the Spirit of Laws Argues for a separation of powers “To become truly great, one has to stand with people, not above them."

7 Thomas Hobbes English writer of Leviathan Said government must protect people “Without government our lives would be nasty, brutish, and short!”.

8 Jean Jacques Rousseau French writer of The Social Contract Government is an agreement or contract between ruler & people “No man has any natural authority over his fellow men.”

9 Mary Wollstonecraft English advocate for women’s rights Wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman Strengthen the female mind by enlarging it, and there will be an end to blind obedience. © Students of History -

10 Results Revolutions in France, Haiti, & America Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence The US Constitution & Bill of Rights © Students of History -

11 Exit Ticket 1.The best government is a monarchy. 2.Religious toleration should triumph over religious fanaticism 3.Government powers should be separated to create checks & balances. 4.Christianity is the one true religion. 5.Freedom of the press is important to a society.

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