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The Conservative Party 1.Introduction (a)Origins (b) Organisational Principles 2.The New Conservative Party (a) The Hague Reforms (b) The Constituency.

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Presentation on theme: "The Conservative Party 1.Introduction (a)Origins (b) Organisational Principles 2.The New Conservative Party (a) The Hague Reforms (b) The Constituency."— Presentation transcript:


2 The Conservative Party


4 1.Introduction (a)Origins (b) Organisational Principles 2.The New Conservative Party (a) The Hague Reforms (b) The Constituency Associations (c) National and Area Executives (d) The Board of Management (e) Party Groups (f) Annual Conference

5 3. Central Office (a) Origins (b) The Chairman (men) 4. A Party in Transition (a) Bases of Success (b) Crisis in the Traditional Leadership (c) Thatcherism (d) The Post-Thatcher Crisis (e) Daves Solution 5. Conclusion

6 1. Introduction

7 (a) Origins n Older than its formal organisation n Organised as a modern party by Benjamin Disraeli after Second Reform Act Benjamin Disraeli

8 Disraeli: The Tory Party, unless it is a national party, is nothing. It is not a confederacy of nobles; it is not a democratic multitude; it is a party formed from all the numerous classes of the realm- classes equal before the law, but whose different conditions and different aims gives strength and variety to our national life….I look to the cultivation of public opinion and especially in the working classes for the maintenance of the British Empire.

9 (b) Organisational Principles n Denied Power to the Mass Membership n Gave great power to the Leader n Divided the National Union (amateur) and Central Office (professional)

10 2. The New Conservative Party

11 (a)The Hague Reforms: Fresh Future. A Single and Unified Party n Shock of Defeat n Hagues Ambition and Background n Rank and File Pressure for Reform n Central Office desire for greater centralisation

12 Main Features: n A Codified Constitution n A Constitutional Convention n A Board of Management

13 (b) The Constituency Associations n Recruit Members n Retain Contact with electorate n Organise parliamentary elections n Organise Local Elections n Raises Money n Employ Agents & Organisers n Select Parliamentary Candidates

14 (c) National and Area Executives n Note that Scotland is Independent -

15 (d) The Party Board of Management Permanent Sub-Committees (i) Candidate Recruitment (ii) Conference Preparation and Management (iii) Membership Subscriptions Other Committees as appropriate

16 (e) Party Groups Association of Conservative Clubs Society of Conservative Lawyers Conservative Rural Action Group Conservative Disability Group

17 Conservative Friends of Israel Conservative Womens Council Conservative Policy Forum

18 Ethnic Diversity Council Conservative Christian Fellowship Conservative Medical Society: Join Us! Conservative Future Join Us! Conservative Future

19 (f) The Annual Conference n The attendees are Representatives, not Delegates n Motions are general, unspecific n Voting is rare n Representatives reluctant to criticise the leadership n Traditionally the leader did not attend n A great Jamboree

20 Leaders Speech Conservative Conference 2006 2006 Conference

21 George Osborne Shadow Chancellor William Hague Shadow foreign secretary Francis Maude Party Chairman

22 Meet the candidates Meet the Buffoon Shadow Minister for Higher Education Boris Johnson

23 3. Central Office

24 (a) Origins of Central Office n 1870: Founded & Gorst appointed principle agent n 1871: Gorst made secretary of the National Union n 1872: Central Office and National Union under the same roof n 1911: First Chairman of the Party appointed

25 (b) Chairman of the Party n Appointed by the Leader n Politically Sensitive n Role: Less a bureaucrat n than a cheerleader n Assisted by Vice-Chairmen

26 Theresa May, Speaks as Party Chairman, 2002. Nasty Party.

27 New Chairmen appointed by David Cameron Francis Maude

28 4. New Conservative? : a party in transition.

29 Iain Duncan-Smith Meeting Rastafarian 'Peace Officers' from the Hailie Selassie Foundation in Birmingham Date: 26 June 2003 William Hague & Ffion at Nottinghill Carnival


31 (a) Bases of Success n Social Deference n Fear of Labour n Subordination of ideology to the acquisition of power

32 (b) Crisis of Confidence in the traditional leadership 1964- 1974 n Wilson defeats 14th Earl of Home n Decline of centre-right deference n Upper Class Betrayal

33 (c) Thatcherism: Sharper Ideological Edge n Economic Liberalism n Social Individualism n English Nationalism

34 (d) Post-Thatcher Crisis n Economic Incompetence (1992 devaluation) n New Labour n Europe n Uncertainty as to the partys future direction

35 (e) Daves Solution n Support for public spending as against tax cuts n Liberal approach to social issues n Environment n Downplaying of Europe

36 5. Conclusion

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