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Jean-Jacques Rousseau ( )

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Presentation on theme: "Jean-Jacques Rousseau ( )"— Presentation transcript:

1 Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)



4 Amour propre Amour de soi-même

5 On Property ‘The first man who, having enclosed a piece of ground, to whom it occurred to say this is mine, was the true founder of civil society. How many crimes, wars, murders, how many miseries and horrors would have been spared by he who had cried out to his kind You are lost if you forget the fruits are eveyone’s and the earth no one’s.’ But then . . . ‘But in likelihood things had by then reached a point where they could not continue as they were; for this idea of property depending as it does on many prior ideas which could only arise successively, did not take shape all at once in man’s mind.’


7 The General Will and ‘forced to be free’
‘Each of us puts his person and his full power in common under the supreme direction of the general will; and in a body we receive each member as an indivisible part of the whole.’ ‘Hence for the social compact not to be an empty formula, it tacitly includes the following engagement which alone can give force to the rest, that whoever refuses to obey the general will shall be constrained to do so by the entire body: which means nothing other than that he shall be forced to be free; for this is the condition which, by giving each Citizen to the Fatherland, guarantees him against all personal dependence; the condition which is the device that makes for the operation of the political machine, and alone renders legitimate civil engagement which would otherwise be absurd, tyrannical, and liable to the most enormous abuses.’

8 Democracy well tempered
Separation of legislative and executive power The Lawgiver Civil Religion

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