Presentation on theme: "Chap 5 Sect 3 Main Ideas –After the Constitutional Convention it is left to the 13 states to ratify the new Constitution Key Terms –Ratify, Federalist,"— Presentation transcript:
Chap 5 Sect 3 Main Ideas –After the Constitutional Convention it is left to the 13 states to ratify the new Constitution Key Terms –Ratify, Federalist, Anti-Federalist
Federalists vs Anti Federalists Federalists – –Strong Central Govt –Includes landowners, merchants, artisans, farmers that rely on interstate trade –Alexander Hamilton –James Madison Anti-Federalists –Strong State Govt –Afraid of loss of Rights –Included western farmers, people deeply in debt –Sam Adams –Patrick Henry
The Federalist Papers 85 essays written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, & John Jay Explained why the new Constitution would be good & how it would work Still referred to today by judges, lawyers, historians, & law makers to interpret what the Founding Fathers meant
Fight for Ratification 9 of the 13 states had to ratify the Constitution for it to become law Delegates went back to their states to present it the state’s governments Dec 1787 & Jan 1788 –DE, PA, NJ, GA, & CT ratify Sam Adams protests and threatens to stop ratification in MA –He wants promises against a loss of Rights –Federalists promise specific mention of Rights in the Constitution after ratification –Sam agrees –Bill of Rights become the first 10 Amendments
Fight for Ratification June 1788 –MD, SC, NH, & MA ratify This makes 9 of the 13 states….BUT
Federalists want to be SURE!! NY & VA still needed !!! But WHY ????
Virginia & New York Two of the largest states Two of the largest states NY is wealthy NY is wealthy Merchants Merchants Trade Trade Capitalists & Entrepreneurs Capitalists & Entrepreneurs Virginia Virginia Many influential Patriots Many influential Patriots Washington, Jefferson, Henry, etc Washington, Jefferson, Henry, etc GW elected as first President by a small group of electors in 1789 GW elected as first President by a small group of electors in 1789 Last state to ratify is Rhode Island in 1790 Last state to ratify is Rhode Island in 1790