Presentation on theme: "The Pedestrian— Literary Focus"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Pedestrian— Literary Focus PlotConflictPlaying with timeSettingMoodTheme
2 PlotThe sequence of related events that make a story hang together.
3 Building Blocks of Plot ExpositionRising ActionClimaxResolution or denouement
4 ExpositionPresents a main character who wants something very much and who encounters a conflict while trying to get it.Cinderella
5 Rising Action A series of events that cause problems. Cinderella’s fairy godmother helps her go to the ball and gives her a fashion makeover, but she must be home by midnight.Cinderella dances with the prince, but he doesn’t get her name.At midnight, as she is fleeing, Cinderella loses one glass slipper.
6 ClimaxThe high point of the plot—the story’s most exciting or suspenseful moment, when something happens that decides the outcome of the conflict.The prince discovers that the glass slipper fits Cinderella’s foot.
7 Resolution / Denouement The last part of the plot when the problems are resolved and the story ends.Cinderella marries the prince / “they lived happily ever after”
8 Two Types of ConflictExternal conflict – pits character against an outside forceCinderella’s stepmother locks her in her room to prevent her from going to the ball.Internal conflict – a struggle inside the character’s own heart or mindIf Cinderella could go to the ball, but hesitated out of shyness.
9 Sequence and TimingChronological order – begin at the beginning and tell about each event in the order in which it happensTo create suspense, writers might slow time down.
10 Playing With TimeFlashbacks – the present action in a story is interrupted with a scene or scenes from the past.Flash-forwards – visit a character’s futureForeshadowing – the use of clues that hint at something that will happen later in the plot
11 Setting Mood Time and place of a story or play. A story’s atmosphere or the feeling it evokes.
13 ThemeThe central idea or insight about human life revealed by a work of literature.NOT the work’s subjectThe message the writer wishes us to discover about the subjectExamples of universal themes:Heroes must undergo trials and endure losses before they can claim their rightful kingdom.Arrogance and pride can bring destruction.Love will endure and triumph over evil.