2 Old Kingdom Rulers Old Kingdom lasted from 2600 BC to 2300 BC. The Egyptian kings, pharaohs, lived with their families in grand palaces.The pharaoh was an all-powerful ruler who guided Egypt’s every activity.
3 Old Kingdom Rulers Why did Egyptians willingly serve the pharaoh? They believed the unity of the kingdom depended on a strong leaderThey considered the pharaoh to be the son of Re, the Egyptian sun god
4 Old Kingdom RulersWhenever he appeared in public, people played music on flutes & cymbals.Bystanders long the road had to bow down and “smell the earth.”
5 Old Kingdom RulersEgyptians thought their pharaoh was a god on earth who controlled Egypt’s welfare.
6 Egypt’s ReligionEgyptians worshipped many deities, or gods and goddesses.The Egyptians believed these deities controlled the forces of nature and human activities.
7 Egypt’s Religion Egyptian Gods: Re – Sun God Hapi – ruled the Nile RiverIsis – goddess who represented the loyal wife & mother; she ruled over the dead with her husband Osiris
9 Egypt’s ReligionThe Egyptians believed that life in the in the next world would be better than on Earth.For centuries, Egyptians believed that only the pharaohs could enjoy the afterlife.They thought the pharaoh needed a body to make the journey to the afterlife.
10 Egypt’s ReligionTo protect the pharaoh’s body, the Egyptians used embalming.Priests removed the body’s organsSalt applied to body & body stored to dryBody filled with perfumes & spices & stitched upBody cleaned with oils & tightly wrapped with linenThe wrapped body was now a mummyIt was placed inside many wooden coffinsReady to placed in a tomb
11 Egypt’s Medicine Skilled at sewing cuts and setting broken bones Became the world’s first specialists in medicineWrote the world’s first medical books on papyrus
13 The Pyramids The pyramids were tombs for the pharaohs. They were the size of city blocks.They also held items the pharaoh would need for the afterlife.
14 How the Pyramids Were Built Thousands of peopleYears to buildBuilt during the Nile flooding seasonSits on a square base facing the northHad a number system based on 10Created fractionsArtisans used tools to cut stone into blocksPulled the blocks over “paved” roads of logs
15 How the Pyramids Were Built Loaded the stones onto barges on the NileHad ramps to push/pull to set the stones in place
16 The Great Pyramid About 2540 B.C. the grandest of pyramids was built. It is 10 miles from Cairo.This pyramid was built for King Khufu & is still standing in Giza on the west bank of the Nile.
17 The Great Pyramid It covers an area the size of 9 football fields. Contains 2 million stone blocks.