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Jeopardy Test Review Game

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Presentation on theme: "Jeopardy Test Review Game"— Presentation transcript:

1 Jeopardy Test Review Game
Circulatory System Jeopardy Test Review Game

2 100 200 300 400 500 Blood Vessels Circulation Heart Blood Pressure
Cardio- vascular Disease 100 200 300 400 500

3 Which type of blood vessel is only one cell layer thick?

4 capillary

5 Which type of blood vessel measures the highest blood pressure?

6 artery

7 Which type of blood vessel contains a layer of smooth muscle?

8 arteries and veins

9 What type of blood vessel contains valves to prevent blood from flowing backwards?

10 veins

11 What type of blood vessel is the aorta?

12 artery

13 Name the three types of circulation.

14 coronary, pulmonary, and systemic

15 What type of circulation carries blood to the lungs?

16 pulmonary circulation

17 What type of circulation covers the largest area?

18 systemic circulation

19 What is the general pathway of blood’s circulation?

20 heart→lungs→heart→body

21 Coronary circulation provides blood flow to the __________.

22 heart

23 Name the four chambers of the heart.

24 right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, and left ventricle

25 Which side of the heart contains deoxygenated blood?

26 right side

27 Why is the left ventricle larger than the right ventricle?

28 The left ventricle is larger because it has to pump blood all over the body. (The right ventricle pumps blood to the lungs.)

29 What part of the heart separates the right ventricle from the left ventricle?

30 septum

31 A(n) _____ carries blood away from the heart, and a(n) _____ carries blood to the heart.

32 An artery carries blood away from the heart, and a vein carries blood to the heart.

33 What is blood pressure?

34 Blood pressure measures the force of blood on the artery walls.

35 What does the systolic number measure?

36 ventricular contraction

37 What does the diastolic number measure?

38 ventricular relaxation

39 What is a sphygmomanometer?

40 A sphygmomanometer is the instrument used to measure blood pressure.

41 What is the scientific term for high blood pressure?

42 hypertension

43 What does cardiovascular disease affect first?

44 heart and blood vessels

45 What is atherosclerosis?

46 Atherosclerosis is commonly called “hardening of the arteries
Atherosclerosis is commonly called “hardening of the arteries.” It occurs when plaque builds up in the arteries and restricts blood flow.

47 Name three things you can do to help prevent cardiovascular disease.

48 eat healthy, exercise regularly, and do not smoke

49 What numbers indicate a healthy (or average) blood pressure reading?

50 120/80

51 In the blood pressure reading 136/82, which number is the diastolic number and which number is the systolic number?

52 136 = systolic 82 = diastolic

53 More Blood Blood Types MISC. Types of Tissue 100 200 20 300 400 500 More Misc. 200 200 200 200 200 200 400 400 400 400 400 600 600 600 600 600 800 800 800 800 800 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

54 Name the three cells (or cell fragments) that make up the solid portion of the blood.

55 red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets

56 What is the liquid portion of blood?

57 plasma

58 What molecule on the red blood cell allows it to carry oxygen and carbon dioxide?

59 hemoglobin

60 What is the function of white blood cells?

61 fight infection

62 What cell fragment produces fibrin?

63 platelets

64 Name the four basic blood types.

65 A, B, AB, and O

66 What can happen if you mix incompatible blood types?

67 blood clots and/or death

68 A person with blood type O- wants to donate blood
A person with blood type O- wants to donate blood. Which blood type or types could receive this blood?

69 A, B, AB, and O (regardless of the Rh factor)

70 A person with blood type B needs a transfusion
A person with blood type B needs a transfusion. What type of blood can this person receive?

71 B or O

72 What kind of blood can be received by a person who is negative for the Rh factor? (Hint: positive or negative)

73 only negative blood

74 What did we say was the main job of the circulatory system?

75 It transports. (oxygen, nutrients, carbon dioxide, wastes, etc.)

76 What are the thread-like fibers that form a sticky net to trap escaping blood cells and plasma?

77 fibrin

78 Which type of blood cell is created at approximately the same rate as it is destroyed?

79 red blood cells

80 What type of blood cell often increases in number if you become sick?

81 white blood cells

82 How would you describe the blood that is carried to all the body organs?

83 oxygenated blood

84 What type of tissue makes up the fat around the heart?

85 connective

86 What type of muscle tissue makes up the ventricles of the heart?

87 cardiac muscle tissue

88 What type of tissue makes up most of the blood vessels?

89 connective

90 Arteries and veins contain a layer of ______ muscle tissue.

91 smooth

92 What type of tissue is blood?

93 connective

94 What is the main component of blood that is responsible for blood clotting? (hint: not fibrin)

95 platelets

96 Red blood cells carry _____ to the body.

97 oxygen

98 Put the following cells or cell fragments in order from least to greatest inside the body: RED BLOOD CELL WHITE BLOOD CELL PLATELETS

99 White Blood Cells Platelets Red Blood Cells

100 A person with a blood pressure reading of 150/110 would be suffering from ________. (hint: use the scientific word)

101 hypertension

102 What type of blood vessel is connected to each atrium?

103 vein

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