Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

LAW, JUSTICE, AND YOU Business Law Why Why do we need laws? Where do laws come from?

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "LAW, JUSTICE, AND YOU Business Law Why Why do we need laws? Where do laws come from?"— Presentation transcript:


2 LAW, JUSTICE, AND YOU Business Law

3 Why Why do we need laws? Where do laws come from?

4 Why do I Care? How does the law affect you? How are laws being made today being affected by changes in technology?

5 Sexting The percent of teenagers who have sent or posted nude or semi-nude pictures or video of themselves:  20% of teenagers overall  22% of teen girls  18% of teen boys  11% of young teen girls ages 13-16 What are the legal ramifications?

6 Legal Issues Sending or receiving a sexually suggestive text or image under the age of 18 is considered child pornography and can result in criminal charges. Phillip Alpert

7 Key Terms Laws – enforceable rules of conduct in a society. Code – Laws grouped into an organized form. Common law – Law based on the current standards or customs of the people. Positive law – Law based on the dictates of a central political authority. Jurisdiction – the power of a court to decide a case. Equity – basic fairness.

8 Stages in Growth of the Law Most societies go through four distinct stages in forming their legal systems: 1. Individuals are free to take revenge for wrongs done to them. (Gang wars) 2. A leader acquires enough power to be able to force revenge-minded individuals to accept an award of goods or money instead 3. The leader gives this power to a system of courts. 4. The leader or central authority acts to prevent and punish wrongs that provoke individuals to seek revenge.

9 Common Law Law based on the current standards or customs of the people. Formed from rules used by judges to settle people’s disputes.

10 Positive Law Laws set down by a sovereign or other central authority to prevent disputes and wrongs from occurring in the first place.

11 Systems of Law English common law  Used by 49 states Roman civil law  Written  Well organized  Comprehensive  Only changed by central government  Only used by Louisiana

12 Why Are Laws Needed Protect individuals Settle disputes Award damages Prevent or punish wrongs.

13 1-2 Types of Laws

14 Sources of Law Constitution  Highest source of law (federal is “the supreme law of the land”)  Defines and allocates powers in our society  Between the people and the government  Between state and federal governments  Among the branches of government

15 Allocation of Power People and Government  Done in the main body of the Constitution  Done in the first ten amendments (Bill of Rights) Federal and State Governments  Constitution gives Federal Government power to regulate both foreign and interstate commerce Branches of Government  Checks and balances

16 Laws Congress passes federal laws called statutes State legislatures pass state laws called statutes Local governments pass ordinances Case Law  When an appellate court hears an appeal the opinion may state new or more appropriate rules to be used in deciding the case and others like it – referred to as case law. Stare decisis – lower courts must follow established case law in deciding similar cases. Administrative agencies create administrative laws – rules and regulations.

17 Conflicts in laws Supremecy rules  Federal law supersedes state law  State law supersedes local law  Constitutional law supersedes statutory law  Statutory law supersedes administrative law  Higher court’s decisions prevail over lower court’s

18 Constitutional Law Can the constitution be changed? If so, how?

19 Ethics and Law

20 Spirit of the Law Following learned rules. Following our conscience. Obeying the law. How do we distinguish right from wrong?

21 How Ethical Decisions are Made Feelings and opinions The greatest good The golden rule

22 Ethics and Law Ethics tell us what we ought to do. Law consists of rules of conduct established by the government.

23 Law Rules of conduct established to:  Maintain stability  Maintain justice Defines the legal rights and duties of the people.

Download ppt "LAW, JUSTICE, AND YOU Business Law Why Why do we need laws? Where do laws come from?"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google