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Chapter 28 Japan and the Koreas

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1 Chapter 28 Japan and the Koreas

2 Section 1 Objectives Examine major landforms of the regions
Describe Climates ID important resources in Japan and the Koreas

3 List the 4 main islands of Japan from North to South
Hokkaido (hoh-KY-doh) Honshu (HAWN-shoo) Largest &Most Populous Tokyo located here Shikoku (shee-KOH-koo) Kyushu (KYOO-shoo)

4 How was Japan formed? Lies in a subduction zone  Pacific plate dives under the Eurasian and Philippine plates. Causing a hot bed of volcanic activity. This also causes tsunamis  “harbor waves” as they are known, are large waves traveling hundreds of miles/hour

5 What landform do the Koreas sit on?
Korean Peninsula  mostly hilly and low mountains. Coastal plains lie in the west

6 List the climates & their locations for this region
Humid Continental Humid Subtropical Hokkaido North Korea Kyushu Shikoku Southern Honshu South Korea

7 Give important info about natural resources for the following:
Japan Koreas Limited mineral & energy resources Hydro & nuclear power used to cut down on importing oil 65% is forested, but strict limits cause for importing lumber Rich fishing grounds provide most of the food Hydro & nuclear power used to cut down on importing oil North Korea has iron ore/ copper/ lead/ coal South Korea has rich fishing grounds

8 Section 2 Objectives ID events in Early and Modern history that have shaped both countries Explain some major feature of culture for both countries

9 Give the greatest hits for the early history of Japan
Earliest inhabitants were Ainu (I-noo)/ pushed north by invaders in 300BC who introduced rice farming - In 700AD political system with an emperor emerged -By late 1100’s a war lord came to power known as shogun/ he ruled over the daimyo, who were protected by the samurai (similar to the feudal system of Europe) Europeans arrive in the late 1500’s & were driven out in the 1600’s/ few allowed to stay (mainly Dutch) & were restricted to Nagasaki to limit influence Samurai warrior in full armor.

10 Give the greatest hits for the early history of the Koreas
People came from North and Central Asia 108 BC invaded by China, this starts a long occupation Eventually drove the Chinese out of the peninsula Korean culture flourished

11 Give a brief explanation of Modern history for Japan
US shows up in 1853, influencing samurai to overthrow shogun & reinstate the emperor in Meijii Restoration Emperor moved capital to Tokyo, modernized education, industries, laws, & changed governments to parliamentary with a constitution Starting in late 1800’s Japan invaded & acquired land in Eastern Asia Became allies with the Axis powers during WWII After WWII a democratic government was established

12 Give a brief explanation of Modern history for Korea
Controlled by Japan until the end of WWII, then were split between the USSR and the UN North was given to the USSR, while the South was given to the UN. This lasted until 1949 Fighting began in 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea. In 1953 fighting stopped when both sides signed an armistice. Now they have a DMZ along the 38th parallel. Recently North Korea has been in the news due to threats of nuclear weapons and threats of war.

13 Give at least 2 facts for each of the following:
People & Language Religion 99% of population is ethnic Japanese, speaking Japanese Kana  written Japanese language, is a mix of Chinese & Japanese symbols Nearly the entire population of Korea is ethnic Koreans Korean language written w/ 24 letter alphabet called hangul Japan Shintoism Buddhism Korea Roughly about half have become Christian. This is different due to the impact Chinese culture has had on their culture

14 Give at least 2 facts for each of the following:
Settlement and Land Use Food Japan 867 people per square meter (one of the most densely populated countries in the world) Most live along narrow coastal plains Korea Also densely populated, most of the population live in urban areas Japan Main stays are rice, fish, Sushi, & sashimi. Fast food is becoming increasingly popular Tea is the popular drink Korea Main stays include rice, grilled meats, vegetables, & potatoes

15 Give at least 2 facts for each of the following:
Education Traditions and Customs Japan and South Korea Everyone attends elementary & middle school for free Competition to get into university, as education is highly valued North Korea Teach communist ideology& require students to work while in school Japan Strong family ties Kimono is worn as the formal dress Shoes are removed prior to entering home Many forms of art are practiced Korea Traditional dress and dancing are popular

16 Section 3 Objectives ID characteristics of Japan today Contrast life in North and South Korea

17 What should be known about Japan’s economy for Agriculture
Not much land is arable Produces about 70% of the countries food needs

18 What should be known about Japan’s economy for Industry
Most workers have a strong work ethic and are extremely loyal to their companies While in the past the Keiretsu system has worked, Japan is trying to adapt to the changing times

19 What should be known about Japan’s economy for International Economy
Produce high quality goods such as cars, cameras, & electronics. Have an export economy with a trade surplus

20 Describe modern life in Japan
Major urban areas hold the majority of the population, they are connected by high speed trains. Homes are small, as are the families. Homes and expenses for families are high. Western culture has had a big impact on Japan from clothing to sports Birthrates are low while life expectancy is high Women have been gaining more rights in recent years

21 Contrast North & South Korea
North Korea South Korea Communist Travel is controlled by government Government officials live well Outside of the capital, poverty is common Do not have enough food to feed the country Democracy Industry is strong Have an export economy Government works to improve economy Country becoming Urbanized Large middle class

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