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Towards a Framework for ADAPTATION to Climate Change.

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Presentation on theme: "Towards a Framework for ADAPTATION to Climate Change."— Presentation transcript:

1 Towards a Framework for ADAPTATION to Climate Change

2 ILLUSTRATING THE PROBLEM Climate analogues in 2070, Hadley Centre Model, SRES A2 Hallegatte, Ambrosi, Hourcade (2007)

3 MITIGATION vs ADAPTATION Despite our mitigation efforts, climate change is happening EU goal: to maintain global warming at + 2°C (pre-industrial times) Efforts in mitigation and adaptation are complementary- the more mitigation done the less adaptation needed and viceversa ADAPTATION MITIGATION

4 Contributing to establish a European framework to improve the resilience of social and economical systems as well as ecosystems across Europe and in other parts of the world, reduce their vulnerability to the impacts of climate change ensure that crucial areas such as food security, human health, ecosystem protection, economic and social cohesion and energy supply are guaranteed OBJECTIVES OF ADAPTATION FRAMEWORK

5 Since 1991 the EU is committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions o EU monitoring mechanism for emissions and the absorption of GH gases. o EU established a system based on market rules, a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme and specific rules on fluorinated greenhouse gases o 2000: Communication EU policies and measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions: towards a European Climate Change Programme (ECCP I) o 2001 : European Climate Change Programme (ECCP I) o 2003 : Directive 2003/87/EC establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community o 2004 : Decision 280/2004/EC concerning a mechanism for monitoring Community greenhouse gas emissions and for implementing the Kyoto Protocol o 2005 : ECCP II Communication 2005 "Winning the battle against global climate change o 2006 : Regulation (EC) No 842/2006 on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases o 2006 : Proposal to include aviation in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme -2006 o 2007 : Communication 2007 "Limiting Global Climate Change to 2 °C - The way ahead for 2020 and beyond" o 2007 : Proposal to limit the CO2 emissions from cars o 2008 : Ambitious package of proposals to fight climate change and promote renewable energy in line with EU commitments INITIATIVES LINKED TO MITIGATION


7 INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT UN Framework Convention for Climate Change- Article 4- requirement to establish national or regional programmes with measures for climate change adaptation + obligation to cooperate in preparing for adaptation Adaptation very high on the agenda of the UN climate change conference in Bali (Dec 2007) Adaptation is one of the building blocks of the Bali Action Plan (structure for the negotiations on post-2012) to be adopted in Copenhagen, in 2009- equal footing with mitigation EU, through bilateral and multilateral channels, has provided support to programmes and measures to enhance adaptive capacity in developing countries and most vulnerable countries.


9 Communication Water Scarcity and Droughts Refers to full implementation of the Water Framework Directive Based on four pillars Putting the right price tag on water Allocating water more efficiently Improving drought risk management Fostering water performance technologies and practices

10 Directive on Flood Risk Management MAIN REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE DIRECTIVE by 2011 Member States will undertake a preliminary flood risk assessment of their river basins and associated coastal zones by 2013 Where real risks of flood damage exist (at least a 1 in 100 year event), they must develop flood hazard maps and flood risk maps by 2015 Member States must draw up flood risk management plans for these zones these steps need to be reviewed every 6 years in a cycle coordinated and synchronised with the Water Framework Directive


12 Development of a Framework for Adaptation Green Paper Adopted June 2007 Stakeholder Consultation Dec 2007 White Paper To be adopted Autumn 2008 Internal Consultation POLICY MAKING PROCESS

13 Green Paper Adaptation to Climate Change Based on four pillars Early action in the EU Integrating adaptation into EU external actions Reducing uncertainty by expanding climate research Involving European society in the preparation of comprehensive adaptation strategies

14 OUTCOME OF STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION Easier for respondents to identify problems than solutions Areas most vulnerable identified: water, health and biodiversity, tourism and agriculture There is a regional variation with regard to vulnerable areas, impacts and policy responses A one size fits all approach will not work A flexible EU Framework for action could be applied Urgent response is required Adaptation and mitigation must be considered together More research and knowledge gathering is required Greater public debate and awareness raising needed

15 OPINIONS OTHER EU INSTITUTIONS on GREEN PAPER CoR opinion adopted in November 2007 EESC opinion adopted in December 2007 COUNCIL- 3 pagphs in October ENV Council EP- Resolution adopted April 2008 All publicly available

16 The problem- Main areas of vulnerability and uncertainties The benefits of early action at EU level Developing a culture of reducing risk and vulnerability ( for each of following areas different options could be considered) Awareness raising Land use Infrastructure Market based instruments Funding mechanisms Capacity building, research Principles for action Possible components of White Paper

17 Synergies- Priority to measures good for mitigation and adaptation. No regret- Priority to measures beneficial irrespectively of uncertainties Precautionary principle- consider worst-case scenario measures, even if uncertainties are high (cases where the costs or the magnitude of the impacts in such scenarios would be unacceptable) Solidarity- between MS, regions, social groups Flexibility and subsidiarity - Adapt° policy should be dynamic and flexible Knowledge based- Adapt° policy should be based on scientific evidence Proportionality- measures must be cost-effective and proportionate Sustainability- Measures must be in line with sustainable development Principles for action


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