Presentation on theme: "Transition to College English"— Presentation transcript:
1 Transition to College English How do we use writing in our everyday lives?What is college writing?What is the Framework for Success in Postsecondary Writing?
2 Basic definition Rhetoric is: SITUATED COMMUNICATION (rhetorical situation)Communication in some contextThe art of speaking or writing effectively and persuasively in a particular context(context = a social space, i.e., classroom, work environment, dinner gathering)Forms of communication that are shaped by a particular social situationRhetor’s purpose: to inform, to persuade, to entertain
3 Example: Studying Rhetoric in Politics Studying the “rhetoric” of political speeches might include:Understanding how politicians use language to persuadeLooking at their non-verbal cues such as facial expressions, hand movements, etc.Considering how politicians use tone and intonation to get a rise out of the audience
4 Expanding the Definition of “Text” Studying the “rhetoric” of some text means understanding all relevant communicative devices(a “text” = anything that communicates, not just written texts)-this includes written devices, spoken devices, nonverbal gestures, or actual objects (i.e. an outfit)
5 Examples of “Texts” Studying the “rhetoric” of hip-hop could include: Analyzing song lyrics, beats, styles of hip-hopConsidering clothing stylesThinking about messagesConsidering how rap videos define hip-hop culture(in other words, we’d study different rhetorical “moves” or “strategies” that define hip-hop)
6 College writing often entails reading rhetorically and writing rhetorically. Studying the “rhetoric” of a “text”Author purpose, intended audience, and author ethosRhetorical elements a writer uses to achieve his or her purposepattern of organization (narrative, cause/effect, definition, etc.)rhetorical appeals (logos, pathos, ethos)types of evidence (facts, statistics, expert testimony, narratives, observational description, etc.)diction (persuasive, connotative language, and biased language; specific and descriptive word choice; figurative language; active verbs, etc.)syntax (sentence structure such as sentence length and variety; repetition)
7 Elements of the “rhetorical situation” Classic author-speaker/text/audience relationships that guide arguments; author’s purpose and stance, audiences, texts, and contexts (socio-cultural-historical.)
8 Readers and Writers in Context Image from: Lunsford, Andrea; Ruszikiewicz, John J., and Keith Walters. Everything’s An Argument, 6th ed. Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2013.
9 So . . . what does it take to achieve success in college writing? Rodin’s “The Thinker,” Image from WikipediaThe answer might surprise you . . .
10 WPA, NCTE, and NWPThis Framework describes the rhetorical and twenty-first-century skills as well as habits of mind and experiences critical for college success.
11 The Habits of MindCuriosity – the desire to know more about the world.Openness – the willingness to consider new ways of being and thinking in the world.Engagement – a sense of investment and involvement in learning.Creativity – the ability to use novel approaches for generating, investigating, and representing ideas.Persistence – the ability to sustain interest in and attention to short- and long-term projects.Responsibility – the ability to take ownership of one’s actions and understand the consequences of those actions for oneself and others.Flexibility – the ability to adapt to situations, expectations, or demands.Metacognition – the ability to reflect on one’s own thinking as well as on the individual and cultural processes used to structure knowledge.See handout from the Framework on pp. 4-5 for extended descriptors.