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Transition to College English

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Presentation on theme: "Transition to College English"— Presentation transcript:

1 Transition to College English
How do we use writing in our everyday lives? What is college writing? What is the Framework for Success in Postsecondary Writing?

2 Basic definition Rhetoric is:
SITUATED COMMUNICATION (rhetorical situation) Communication in some context The art of speaking or writing effectively and persuasively in a particular context (context = a social space, i.e., classroom, work environment, dinner gathering) Forms of communication that are shaped by a particular social situation Rhetor’s purpose: to inform, to persuade, to entertain

3 Example: Studying Rhetoric in Politics
Studying the “rhetoric” of political speeches might include: Understanding how politicians use language to persuade Looking at their non-verbal cues such as facial expressions, hand movements, etc. Considering how politicians use tone and intonation to get a rise out of the audience

4 Expanding the Definition of “Text”
Studying the “rhetoric” of some text means understanding all relevant communicative devices (a “text” = anything that communicates, not just written texts) -this includes written devices, spoken devices, nonverbal gestures, or actual objects (i.e. an outfit)

5 Examples of “Texts” Studying the “rhetoric” of hip-hop could include:
Analyzing song lyrics, beats, styles of hip-hop Considering clothing styles Thinking about messages Considering how rap videos define hip-hop culture (in other words, we’d study different rhetorical “moves” or “strategies” that define hip-hop)

6 College writing often entails reading rhetorically and writing rhetorically.
Studying the “rhetoric” of a “text” Author purpose, intended audience, and author ethos Rhetorical elements a writer uses to achieve his or her purpose pattern of organization (narrative, cause/effect, definition, etc.) rhetorical appeals (logos, pathos, ethos) types of evidence (facts, statistics, expert testimony, narratives, observational description, etc.) diction (persuasive, connotative language, and biased language; specific and descriptive word choice; figurative language; active verbs, etc.) syntax (sentence structure such as sentence length and variety; repetition)

7 Elements of the “rhetorical situation”
Classic author-speaker/text/audience relationships that guide arguments; author’s purpose and stance, audiences, texts, and contexts (socio-cultural-historical.)

8 Readers and Writers in Context
Image from: Lunsford, Andrea; Ruszikiewicz, John J., and Keith Walters. Everything’s An Argument, 6th ed. Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2013.

9 So . . . what does it take to achieve success in college writing?
Rodin’s “The Thinker,” Image from Wikipedia The answer might surprise you . . .

10 WPA, NCTE, and NWP This Framework describes the rhetorical and twenty-first-century skills as well as habits of mind and experiences critical for college success.

11 The Habits of Mind Curiosity – the desire to know more about the world. Openness – the willingness to consider new ways of being and thinking in the world. Engagement – a sense of investment and involvement in learning. Creativity – the ability to use novel approaches for generating, investigating, and representing ideas. Persistence – the ability to sustain interest in and attention to short- and long-term projects. Responsibility – the ability to take ownership of one’s actions and understand the consequences of those actions for oneself and others. Flexibility – the ability to adapt to situations, expectations, or demands. Metacognition – the ability to reflect on one’s own thinking as well as on the individual and cultural processes used to structure knowledge. See handout from the Framework on pp. 4-5 for extended descriptors.

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