Presentation on theme: "of EU Development Policy"— Presentation transcript:
1 of EU Development Policy Increasing the Impactof EU Development PolicyAn Agenda for Change
2 CONTEXTLisbon Treaty (2009): poverty elimination in the context of sustainable development as one pillar of external action (Art.21 TEU); primary importance to PCD (Art.208 TFEU)European Consensus on Development (2005): remains point of referenceCommitment to the MDGs (2000): Common EU Position and 12- point Action Plan (2010)Commitment to aid effectiveness (2005): implementing the Accra Agenda for Action (2008); Code of Conduct on Division of Labour (2005); EU Operational Framework ( )Sectoral and cross-cutting policies e.g. gender, environment, governance, fragility …Policy Coherence for Development (2005) – PCD Work Programme (trade, climate, migration, security, food security)Comprehensive partnerships, global presence: Cotonou, EU-Africa, Neighbourhood policy, EU-LA, Asia, etc
3 GREEN PAPEROn “EU development policy in support of inclusive growth and sustainable development”: Key results from the public consultation:Poverty focus of EU development policyPartner country ownershipDifferentiated approach to partner countriesInclusive growth for poverty reduction incl. governance, health, educationEU comparative advantage in energy, infrastructure, agriculture, aid for tradeImportant EU role in good governance, security, human rights…EU commitments on PCD and aid effectivenessPrivate sector engagement with certain norms (e.g. decent work)Communication of results to secure political and public supportinnovative and private-sector financingEU to work only in growth-enabling sectors or have a balanced portfolio that includes growth and social sectors? Only aid to Least Developed Countries?
4 AGENDA FOR CHANGEHigher impact of EU support and faster progress towards MDGConcentration: Priority onGood Governance (human rights, democracy, …)Inclusive and Sustainable Growth for human developmentusingClimate change, agriculture and energy to drive sustainable developmentInnovative financial instruments (blending…)Differentiation: geographical focus towards countries most in needCoordinated EU actionImproved coherence among EU policies
5 CONCENTRATIONHigher impact of EU aid by concentrating resources on a limited number of sectorsincreasing the EU's critical massMax. of 3 sectors per country, among following policy priorities:Good governance, democracy, human rightsFoundations for inclusive growth (e.g. social protection, health & education)Drivers for growth and job creation (e.g. business environment, regional integration)Sectors with strong multiplier impact and contributing to environmental protection + climate change prevention/adaptation (sustainable agriculture and efficient renewable energy)
6 HUMAN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, GOOD GOVERNANCE PrinciplesIncentives for results-oriented reformEU general budget support should be linked to the governance situation and political dialogue with the partner countrymix and level of aid will depend on the country’s situation, including its ability to conduct reformsShould a country loosen its commitment to human rights and democracy, the EU should strengthen its cooperation with non-state actors and local authorities and use forms of aid that provide the poor with the support they needAreas of actionDemocracy, human rights and the rule of lawGender equality and the empowerment of womenPublic-sector managementTax policy and administrationCorruptionCivil society and local authoritiesNatural resourcesDevelopment-security nexus
7 2. INCLUSIVE GROWTH: Health, Education and Social Protection Intensified policy dialogue and tool such as sector reform contracts (SBS) to:health systems, reduced inequalities in access to health services, policy coherence, increase protection against global health threats and improved health outcomes for allQuality education to give young people knowledge and skills and vocational training for employabilityDecent work agenda, social protection schemes and floors and policies to facilitate regional labour mobility
8 3. GROWTH AND JOB CREATION: Business environment, regional integration and world markets Competitive local private sectorGlobally integrated markets, trade facilitationImproving infrastructureLeveraging private sector activity and resources for delivering public goods up-front grant funding, blending grants and loans and risk-sharing mechanisms to catalyse PPP and private investmentRegional development and integration, Aid for Trade, EPA
9 4. SUSTAINABLE GROWTH: Sustainable agriculture and renewable energy Agriculture: sustainable, locally-developed practices, safeguarding of ecosystem services, smallholder agriculture, producer groups, supply and marketing chain, responsible private investment, nutritional standards, food security governance, reduced food price volatility at international level, climate changeEnergy: price volatility and energy security; climate change, access to low carbon technologies, access to secure, affordable, clean and sustainable energy services, capacity development and technology transfer
10 DIFFERENTIATIONTarget resources where they are needed and where they have greatest impactAllocation of EU development assistance according to partner countries' needs, capacities, commitments and performance, as well as the potential EU impactSupporting development in the Neighbourhood and Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as in fragile countriesNeed for other types of cooperation and new partnerships with more advanced developing countriesDiversified aid modalities and develop other types of cooperation (e.g. loan-grant blending, technical coop, twinnings, etc.)Development of partnership based on mutual interests with emerging economies and strategic partnersAccountability and transparency
11 COORDINATED EU ACTIONJoint programming of EU and Member States’ aidSupport to partner country’s strategy by developing joint multi-annual programming documents with MS synchronised with partner countries’ strategy cyclesJoint EU response strategies or donor strategies where possible, containing a sectoral division of labourJoint action: single EU budget support contract, EU trust funds and delegated cooperationCommon EU results reporting framework
12 IMPROVED COHERENCE AMONG EU POLICIES Policy Coherence for Development – PCDFuture Multiannual Financial Framework should reinforce PCDNew thematic programmes that build synergies between global interests and poverty eradicatione.g. joint approach to security and poverty or relation between development and migration.