Presentation on theme: "Fostering Entrepreneurship Education – a EU perspective"— Presentation transcript:
1 Fostering Entrepreneurship Education – a EU perspective Simone BALDASSARRIUnit E.1EntrepreneurshipThessaloniki, 25 November
2 Definition of Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship refers to an individual’s ability to turn ideas into action.It includescreativity,innovation andrisk taking,as well as the ability to plan and manage projectsin order to achieve objectives.Thissupports everyone in day-to-day life at home and in society,makes employees more aware of the context of their work and better able to seize opportunities,and provides a foundation for entrepreneurs establishing a social or commercial activity(2006 Recommendation on Key Competences for Lifelong Learning)
3 Policy BackgroundRecommendation of the European Parliament and the Council (2006): entrepreneurship a key competence for all.Commission Communication on “Fostering entrepreneurial mindsets” (2006)Oslo Agenda on Entrepreneurship Education in Europe (2007): a detailed menu of actionsSmall Business Act for Europe (2008)EU 2020 strategy: focus school curricula on creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship (2010)
4 Current StateMainly individual initiatives, with no coherent framework and little impactMost students do not have access to entrepreneurship courses and programmes.Entrepreneurship is included in the national curriculum of general secondary school only in a small minority of countriesIn Higher Education the majority of entrepreneurship courses are offered in business and economic studiesOnly 1/4 of specialized and 1/3 of multidisciplinary institutions without a business school offer entrepreneurship
5 Vocational EducationEntrepreneurship is included in the national curricula for vocational education in a majority of EU countries10 countries report that 90% to 100% of vocational education students participate to entrepreneurship programmes at some point in their studies.However…Even where entrepreneurship is included in national curricula, there a perception of a gap still to be filled.Despite some encouraging data, the uptake and effectiveness of entrepreneurship education in vocational schools are still far from being fully satisfactory.
6 Vocational Education Reasons for the identified gap are: ineffective teaching methods;entrepreneurship is not included in all parts of the VET system;limited participation of students;inadequate teachers’ competence;lack of involvement of business people;the practical element is missing;entrepreneurship is not linked to specific training subjects on professions.
7 Vocational EducationPerception of a gap between teaching methods used and those considered as the most effectiveMost teachers have not been trained in entrepreneurshipCooperation between vocational schools and enterprises is in general well developed (particularly in « dual systems »)But it is difficult to involve small and micro enterprises
8 Schools: Factors of Success in Delivery Well-defined objectives and appropriate evaluationsGood balance between theory and practice: programme is action-oriented, based on experience and project workTeaching adapted to the specific field of vocational studiesThe institution has external links with enterprisesStudents take part in extra-curricular activities and eventsTeachers have a qualification in entrepreneurshipStudents and teachers are stimulated to look beyond the borders of school environmentSupport mechanisms in place for students to start up
9 Recommendations Public authorities: Set up a national steering committeeIntroduce entrepreneurship in the curriculumMake career guidance mandatory, including entrepreneurshipProvide counselling for schools and teachers in designing VET curriculaImprove teachers’ qualifications
10 Recommendations Vocational Schools: Appoint an enterprise champion or a leaderExtend entrepreneurship to all fields of studyBusiness organisations:Promote partnerships between VET schools and enterprisesProvide expert help with preparing programmes and cooperate through project work
11 Activities at EU levelEfforts focus currently on increasing European coordination so as to develop more systematic strategies.Present goals:1) Increase the exchange of experiences and practices across Europe, particularly among policy makers:- High Level Reflection Panels on Entrepreneurship Education (5 Panels from March 2009 to March 2010)2) Promote European projects that will become a model or a reference for the multiplication and dissemination of activities in this field:Call for Proposals (9 European projects currently funded under the CIP)
12 High Level Reflection Panels on Entrepreneurship Education Two key needs:1) Increase co-operation between government administrations – especially those responsible for education and enterprise - and with stakeholders on entrepreneurship education;2) Develop more systematic strategies for entrepreneurship education.
13 TeachersHigh importance of involving teachers (maintain a broad definition of Entrepreneurship)Shift from 'how to run a business' to how to develop a general set of competences applicable in all walks of lifeKey elements for supporting the role of teachers:Develop research on how teachers approach E.E.Offer initial and continuous teacher trainingCreate and disseminate teaching contents, tools, methods and materialsMake space in the curriculum for testing new methodsEstablish support networks
14 Curriculum Make entrepreneurship an integral part of the Curriculum: Key role for ministries of educationChanges in teaching methods: experiential learning, teacher as a facilitator, coach, moderatorChanges in education context: take students out of the classroom (into local community and real businesses)Combine a mandatory cross-curricular approach with a selectable training as a specific subject
15 Elements of a strategy (1) Agreed definition of entrepreneurshipCross-ministry cooperationStakeholder consultationEmbed core competences into the national curriculumDevelop strategic aims and objectives
16 Elements of a strategy (2) Integrate identified good practices (what works) into the strategyTrain the teachersDevelop a logic chain of indicators, outputs, outcomes and expected impactDesign and embed coherent progression from primary to higher educationMake resources available for the strategy
17 Building links Engage businesses: Visits, experiences, case studies and role modelsStudent mini-companies with business mentorsEngage intermediary organizations:Many NGOs play already a key roleExternal organizations devoted to promoting E.E. can be effectively associated with national strategiesLink E.E. into local and regional strategiesDevelop partnershipsBuild local and regional support centres
18 EU actions in 2011 1) Train, enable and motivate teachers A European Workshop with policy makers and experts from all countries (March or April 2011), followed by specific Laboratories and a practical guide2) Evaluation and assessment of impact of entrepreneurship education programmesSpecific studies to be developed
19 Contacts Web site: E-mail: Simone.Baldassarri@ec.europa.eu entrepreneurship/index_en.htm