Presentation on theme: "What is Plagiarism? THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLAGIARISM LEARN HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM CONSEQUENCES FOR PLAGIARISM."— Presentation transcript:
What is Plagiarism? THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLAGIARISM LEARN HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM CONSEQUENCES FOR PLAGIARISM
According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, to "plagiarize" means to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own to use (another's production) without crediting the source to commit literary theft to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source. In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.
But can words and ideas really be stolen? All of the following are considered plagiarism: turning in someone else's work as your own copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit failing to put a quotation in quotation marks giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not (see our section on "fair use" rules)
Why Students Plagiarize Intentional Plagiarism Searching vs. Researching "But their words are better" Pressure to make the grade "Everyone else is doing it" Poor Planning Unintentional Plagiarism Citation Confusion Plagiarism vs. Paraphrasing "I was just copying my notes" "I couldn't find the source" "I thought we didn't have to quote facts" Confusion About Expectations Cultural Perspectives on Plagiarism
Different Types of Plagiarism Plagiarism when sources are not cited. "The Ghost Writer" "The Photocopy” "The Potluck Paper" "The Poor Disguise" "The Labor of Laziness" "The Self-Stealer"
Different Types of Plagiarism Plagiarism with sources cited (but still plagiarized) "The Forgotten Footnote" "The Misinformer" "The Too-Perfect Paraphrase" "The Resourceful Citer" "The Perfect Crime”
Know the Rules and Consequences! Check the student/parent handbook for the rules regarding cheating and plagiarism. CONSEQUENCES FOR CHEATING/PLAGIARISM 1st offense: Zero (0) for the assignment/assessment (teacher communication with a parent/guardian). 2nd offense: Zero (0) for the assignment/assessment and discipline referral (teacher and/or administrator communication with a parent/guardian). 3rd offense: Discipline referral and failure of the marking period during which the action occurs (administrator communication with a parent/guardian).
Prevent Plagiarizing or Cheating: Submit original work and find ways to personalize your assignments Stay organized and avoid procrastination in writing a paper or studying for a test/quiz, etc. Never cut and paste unless you intend to use a direct quotation Put away all notes, keep an eye on one’s own paper, work in silence, and refrain from leaving one’s seat once an exam has begun Place the names of all participants on any collaborative assignments or experiments Use the appropriate format (APA or MLA) as required by the teacher in all classes Submit a bibliography along with the completion of any research paper Document all sources used Mention sources in the text of the document Consult the teacher if unsure about a question relating to the originality of one’s work