Presentation on theme: "Organisation Internationale de Métrologie Légale Organización Internacional de Metrología Legal International Organization of Legal Metrology REGIONAL."— Presentation transcript:
Organisation Internationale de Métrologie Légale Organización Internacional de Metrología Legal International Organization of Legal Metrology REGIONAL WORKSHOP FOR LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES ON THE AGREEMENT ON TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE Panama City, 20-22 July 2004 René Fernández Infante Standardization Director Cuban National Bureau of Standards (NC/Cuba) WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
THE OIML l Intergovernmental Treaty signed in 1955 by 24 countries l Currently 59 Member States and 50 Corresponding Members
OIML MEMBER STATES AlbaniaCubaIndonesiaMoroccoSlovenia AlgeriaCyprusIranNetherlandsSouth Africa AustraliaCzech RepublicIrelandNew ZealandSpain AustriaDenmarkIsraelNorwaySri Lanka BelarusEgyptItalyPakistanSweden BelgiumEthiopiaJapanPolandSwitzerland BrazilFinlandKazakhstanPortugalTanzania BulgariaFranceKenyaRomaniaTunisia CameroonGermanyKorea, Dem. P. Rep. of Russian Federation United Kingdom CanadaGreeceKorea, Rep. ofSaudi ArabiaUnited States ChinaHungaryMacedoniaSerbia and Montenegro Viet Nam CroatiaIndiaMonacoSlovakia59 STATES
OIML CORRESPONDING MEMBERS ArgentinaComorosKuwaitMoldovaRwanda BahrainCosta RicaLatviaMongoliaSeychelles BangladeshEstoniaLibyaMozambiqueSingapore BarbadosFijiLithuaniaNepalSyria BeninGabonLuxembourgNicaraguaThailand Bosnia and Herzegovina GhanaMadagascarOmanTrinidad and Tobago BotswanaGuatemalaMalaysiaPanamaTurkey Burkina FasoHong KongMaltaP. New GuineaUkraine CambodiaIcelandMauritaniaParaguayUruguay Chinese TaipeiJordanMexicoPeruUzbekistan 50 STATES
Latin American Presence in the OIML Member States Corresponding Members
Legal metrology is the branch of metrology concerned with the implementation of regulations to ensure an appropriate level of credibility for measurement results whenever conflicts of interest exist or when incorrect measurement results may adversely affect individuals or society. Legal Metrology
Legal metrology encompasses the full range of legislative, administrative and technical procedures established by or by reference to public authorities and implemented on their behalf in order to specify and ensure, on a regulatory or contractual basis, the appropriate quality and credibility of measurements related to official controls, trade, health, safety and the environment. Definition of Legal Metrology
Impact of Measurements on Society u Everyday life u Industry u Agriculture u Trade u Safety u Health u Environmental protection u Research u Quality assurance u Accreditation
Legal Metrology Legal metrology is concerned with: l Measurements for trade, l Measurements for health and safety, l Environmental protection, l Measurements for law enforcement.
Objectives of the OIML Information-sharing on aspects of legal metrology Exchange of information on laws and regulations Exchange of experience with technologies Exchange of best-practice experience
Objectives of the OIML Elimination of trade barriers through legal metrology Harmonization of laws and regulations on measurements Harmonization of laws and regulations on pre-packaged product content Harmonization of laws and regulations on measuring instruments Mutual recognition of measurement results for conformity assessment
Objectives of the OIML Promotion and development of legal metrology Evaluating the benefits of legal metrology for economic and social development; Making decision-makers aware of the need for legal metrology; Promoting consistency with scientific metrology, accreditation, standardization and certification.
THE OIML CIML CIML President Vice-Presidents Presidential Council Development Council OIML Conference BIML Technical Committee Technical Committee Technical Committee Subcommittee OIML Conference Subcommittee
Primary Functions of Governments in Relation to Metrology u Compatible units u Measurement standards u Traceability u Legal metrology u Accreditation systems u Research u Training u Information
International Conference of Legal Metrology The Conference is made up of: u Delegates from OIML Member States u Observers from Corresponding Members u Representatives of liaison institutions It meets every four years to: ê Define general policy ê Establish budget lines ê Promote national implementation of OIML guidelines
International Committee of Legal Metrology (CIML) CIML – The OIML Steering Committee, composed of appointed representatives of OIML Member States. The CIML meets annually to review the Organizations technical progress and administrative operations.
Presidential Council u CIML President u CIML Vice-Presidents u Limited number of CIML Members appointed by the President u BIML Director Ý The Council acts as an advisory body to the CIML President.
International Bureau of Legal Metrology (BIML) The BIML is the Secretariat and headquarters of the OIML and is responsible for both the day-to-day running of its activities and the planning of longer-term actions. The BIML transmits information to CIML Members, coordinates the technical work undertaken by the OIML Technical Committees (currently 18 in number), organizes OIML Conference and Committee meetings, and manages the budget of the Organization.
International Bureau of Legal Metrology (BIML) Maintains links with regional, international and national bodies; these increasingly close links serve to promote legal metrology in a wider context. Another key aspect of BIML work is the issuing of OIML publications (recommendations, documents, glossaries and the quarterly Bulletin) and maintenance of the Web site.
Technical Committees and Subcommittees Composition: u Representatives of Member States u Observers from standardization and technical organizations u Manufacturers associations u Regional regulatory bodies
Technical Committees Terminology TC 1Terminology TC 2Units of measurement TC 3Metrological control TC 4Measurement standards and calibration and verification devices TC 5Electronic instruments TC 6Pre-packaged products TC 7 Measuring instruments for length and associated quantities TC 8Measurement of quantities of fluids TC 9Instruments for measuring mass and density
Technical Committees TC 10Instruments for measuring pressure, force and associated quantities TC 11Instruments for measuring temperature and associated quantities TC 12 Instruments for measuring electrical quantities TC 13Measuring instruments for acoustics and vibration TC 14Measuring instruments used for optics TC 15Measuring instruments for ionizing radiations TC 16Instruments for measuring pollutants TC 17Instruments for physico-chemical measurements TC 18Medical measuring instruments
OIML Development Council Composed of representatives from industrial and developing countries, the Council coordinates activities to assist developing countries with: u Metrology structures u Training u Laboratories u Equipment
Other priorities of the OIML Action Plan Study on the benefits of legal metrology for the economy and society Promotion of awareness of legal metrology Revision of OIML D1 Law on Metrology OIML conformity mark for pre-packaged products OIML conformity mark for individual instruments
THE OIML AND TRADE The work of the OIML has a positive impact in the following four areas: l Domestic trade and national economies l International trade in measuring instruments l International trade in products l International trade in pre-packaged products
OIML CERTIFICATE SYSTEM FOR MEASURING INSTRUMENTS The OIML Certificate System for Measuring Instruments was introduced in 1991 to facilitate, and reduce the costs of, administrative procedures related to international trade in measuring instruments subject to legal requirements. It operates on a voluntary basis.
OIML Certificates The System affords manufacturers the possibility of obtaining an OIML Certificate and a Test Report indicating that a given instrument type (pattern) complies with the requirements of the relevant OIML International Recommendations. OIML certificates are issued by authorities appointed by CIML Members and registered by the BIML.
OIML certificates issued A total of 1,238 OIML certificates had been issued as at 17 June 2004. Note: The fee for registering an OIML certificate is currently EUR 50.
International Bureau of Legal Metrology (BIML) 11 rue Turgot - 75009 Paris - France Tel.: +33 (0)1 48 78 12 82 Fax: +33 (0)1 42 82 17 27 E-mail: email@example.com Internet: http://www.oiml.org
NATIONAL METROLOGY SERVICE OF THE REPUBLIC OF CUBA SENAMET
METROLOGY METROLOGY Role of SENAMET l International System of Units (SI) l Development and maintenance of the database of measuring instrument designs l Traceability Chain and Hierarchical System l Preparation and implementation of regulations l Metrological control activities
Pinar del Río C de la Habana Matanzas Villa Clara Cienfuegos S.Spíritus C. de Ávila Camaguey Las Tunas Holguín Granma S. de Cuba Guantánamo Directorate of Metrology Key National Metrology Research Institute (INIMET) Territorial Metrology Centres Provincial metrology laboratories and checkpoints Location of SENAMET centres in Cuba Isla de la Juventud METROLOGY
SENAMET activity levels - At the end of the first half of 2004, SENAMET had increased its volume of activity by 36.5% compared with the same period of the previous year. - For example, systematic metrological control has been achieved for bulk sugar exports and key imports, as well as other economic objectives.