Ecology Eco = Home Ecology is the study of organisms and the interaction with their environment. All living and non-living parts of the environment create an ecosystem.
Biotic factors: Are all the living parts of the environment. Ex. Animals, plants, bacteria, etc. Abiotic factors: Are all the non-living parts of the environment. Ex. Dirt, rocks, oxygen, water, etc.
Symbiosis= Living together. Mutualism Mutualism: Interaction in which Both organisms benefit. Parasitism: Parasitism: Interaction in which one organism benefits and the other is Negatively affected. Commensalism: Commensalism: Interaction in which One species benefits and the other is Unaffected.
Autotrophs (Producers) (self feed) Are organisms that make their own food. They obtain energy through photosynthesis. Ex: Plants, trees, plankton, some bacteria
Heterotrophs (Consumers) Are organisms that feed on producers or other organisms to obtain energy. Ex: Animals
Herbivore ( Primary consumer) An herbivore is an animal that gets its energy from eating plants, and only plants. Many herbivores have special digestive systems that let them digest all kinds of plants, including grasses. plants
Carnivore (Secondary consumer) A carnivore is an animal that eats meat only. Animals that eat other animals, like carnivores and omnivores are important to any ecosystem, because they keep other species from getting overpopulated.
Omnivore (Tertiary consumer) An omnivore is a kind of animal that eats either other animals or plants. Some omnivores will hunt and eat their food, like carnivores, eating herbivores and other omnivores.carnivoresherbivores omnivores
DECOMPOSERS Decomposers break down dead plants and animals. They also break down the waste of other organisms. Decomposers are very important for any ecosystem. There are two kinds of decomposers, fungi and bacteria.