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Writing a Final, Ultradetailed Outline

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1 Writing a Final, Ultradetailed Outline
See Chapter 9 for more information

2 Step 1: Review Research Look at your preliminary outline – do you still like the order of the elements? If not, switch them around. Organize all notes and quotes that pertain to each point. Label them.

3 Outlining Basics Roman numeral I. is your introduction. Letter A is you attention getter. Letter B is pertinent background info on the novel. Letter C is your thesis. Roman numerals II - ? are your body paragraphs The final Roman numeral is your conclusion.

4 Levels of Detail I. A. 1. a. (1.) (a.) Levels 1-3 need to be full sentences. Any details beyond that can be short phrases.

5 Step 2: Finalize Topic Sentences
Think of each topic sentence as a mini thesis statement. Needs to be an argument, not an example. Consider the order that best develops your point of view. Quotes should NEVER be in a topic sentence

6 Step 3: Work Section By Section
Once all topic sentences are finalized, it’s time to focus on one Roman numeral at a time. Letters A, B, etc. need to be support for that topic sentence (detail, explanation) Numbers 1, 2, etc. below those letters need to be supporting evidences (quotes). Letters a, b, etc. need to be your analysis of the quote.

7 How Many Quotes Should I Use?
At the MINIMUM, at least ONE quote from your primary source and at least ONE quote from your secondary source. Include internal citations with your quotes. (author #). The right side of the citation guide lists the internal citation format for each source type.

8 Tips to Remember You are using research to write your own argument. Be sure your outline isn’t just a list of points others make on your topic. Support YOUR thoughts with the text and other research. You are not just proving something exists in your novel, you are analyzing WHY it’s there and HOW it is developed.

9 Therefore, consider literary elements
Discuss the organization How does the author approach the topic at hand? Introduction Body Conclusion Flow from one section to the next Transitions

10 Author’s purpose Overall point and perspective (thesis)
Tone (attitude towards his/her audience and/or content) Voice (author’s writing style, the way they sound in their writing) Examples used by author to support his/her purpose

11 Literary elements Point of view
Figurative language/description/imagery Similes/metaphors Use of narration Irony Sentence structure (simple versus complex) Vocabulary/word choice Style: use of satire, exaggeration, repetition, humor, etc. Title Characterization Setting Symbols Comparing and contrasting: similes/metaphors/analogies Foreshadowing/flashback Plot elements: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution Argumentation style (approach and reasoning)

12 More tips For each section, ask yourself:
What is the main idea of this section? What are the examples? What are the subcategories? If I am including my opinions, what are my thoughts based on the material in this section? What is the most effective way to order this material? Will this be long? Yes. Many pages. One body paragraph will likely be half a page or more in outline form. The better you do on this, the easier it will be to write your rough draft.

13 Let’s Practice Thesis: Huck's loss of innocence is a result of him learning the truth about society through his experiences and determining on his own that an individual's sense of right and wrong may differ from what society says is right and wrong.

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