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Annual Compulsory Education

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Presentation on theme: "Annual Compulsory Education"— Presentation transcript:

1 Annual Compulsory Education
Body Mechanics Annual Compulsory Education

2 Learning Objectives Be able to define body mechanics
Increase your understanding of the importance of good body mechanics Explore common causes of back injuries Increase your understanding of the basic principles of body mechanics Apply the principles of body mechanics to prevent injury

3 Defining body mechanics
The way you use your body when lifting, standing, sitting, and lying down How your muscles, bones, & other parts of your body work together to help you work in a safe manner Used to describe good body position, balance, & movement

4 Why are body mechanics important?
Protection from injuring yourself &/or other individuals Reduces fatigue Reduces strain on your spine Maximizes body strength Uses your core muscles which give you stability

5 Causes of back injury Sedentary lifestyle Extra abdominal weight
Smoking Poor nutrition Poor posture Improper lifting Improper body positioning

6 The musculoskeletal system: What you need to know
The muscles around your back keep your back supported, balanced, & able to move  They are short muscles & are not good for lifting The muscles in the stomach, bottom, & upper legs are long & strong  They are the most important muscles for lifting

7 The musculoskeletal system: What you need to know
The arm and shoulder muscles are of medium length & have medium strength  Men have stronger arm & shoulder muscles  Men are more at risk than women as they sometimes lift things with their arms rather than with the long, stronger muscles in the legs, stomach, & bottom All the muscles used for lifting in the body are under our control

8 Basic Principles At waist level or slightly below
Maintain a proper posture at all times Work at a comfortable height At waist level or slightly below Bend at the knees &/or hips Keep you back straight Avoid stretching, twisting, or reaching Use a pivot turn Try to use smooth movements Set your muscles before the task Use big muscles to raise your body to a standing position

9 Standing Posture & balance

10 Standing Posture & balance
Stand with feet flat on the floor & shoulder width apart Divide your weight evenly on both feet Bend your knees slightly over mid foot Arms relaxed at the sides Keep your back straight, tighten your stomach muscles Head up, eyes are straight ahead Poor Posture Good Posture

11 Sitting posture

12 Sitting posture & balance
Head up & eyes forward Chin tucked slightly inward Weight is balanced on “sitting bones” Arms resting in lap Hips towards the back of the chair Chair should support the curve of the back Upper legs horizontal to the floor & resting on the chair seat Knees level with thighs, or slightly lighter Feet flat to the floor or resting on a foot rest

13 Lifting B.A.C.K. B – Base (wide & one foot ahead of the other)
A – Abdominal Muscles C – Close to body K – Knees bent Keynote: Get help when the object is heavy & try not to bend your knees past the end of your toes

14 When Lifting remember Maintain good posture at all times
Do not bend at the waist Lower your body by bending your knees & hips, while keeping your back straight When changing directions, use a pivot turn. Do not twist. Raise your body to a standing position by using your upper legs, stomach, and buttock muscles. Keep your back straight. Do not lift items higher than shoulder height. Get a stool to get items down from a high shelf.

15 Moving a cart Always push the cart from behind & walk forwards
Stand behind the cart with your head looking forward & shoulders pulled back Grab hold of the cart with both hands placed shoulder width apart; wrists should not bend or move Arms are straight with a slight bend at the elbows Upper body is tightened & stomach muscles are tight Cart is pushed with your legs, keeping the spine in a straight position

16 Putting heavy items on a cart
Stand facing the object that needs to be moved Feet are shoulder width apart Hold object on both sides, elbows kept close to the body Knees are slightly bent & when the object is picked up, your legs are doing the work To move the object over to the cart, move your feet instead of twisting your back

17 Moving Items from low cupboards/shelves on a cart
Get down into a squatting position so you can see the items that you need to move Loading Cart into the Elevator Push the cart from behind & walk forward into the elevator This will prevent the need to lift the cart To get off the elevator, walk around to the other side of the cart & push the cart of the elevator as you walk forward

18 Squirting & mopping Apply slow constant pressure to the trigger; then fully release the trigger. Repeat as necessary. Mopping/Sweeping Keep mop close to the body & move your weight from side to side Keep your back/spine straight Tighten abdominal & buttock muscles Concentrate on keeping a straight spine/back position throughout the process

19 mopping Emptying the Mop Pail
Standing facing the side of the mop pail, feet shoulder width apart & moving weight from side to side while moving the handle Back remains in a straight upright position Emptying the Mop Pail Stand beside the pail, hold on to the pail handle with one hand, using the other hand to hold on to the bottom of the pail Move your weight from one leg to another as you empty the bucket into the drain Once the pail is empty, move your weight back to the standing position

20 Vacuuming Get ready to vacuum by moving aside & picking up items that are in your way Make sure that others will not trip over the electrical cord While beside the vacuum, hold the handle with both hands, one in front of the other Feet are shoulder length apart while you move your body weight from your front to back foot as you vacuum the floor Move your body with the vacuum as you move around the room

21 Picking up a garbage bag
Check how heavy the bag is, squat down, keeping your abdominal, chest, leg, buttock, and arm muscles tight – then pick up the garbage bag Place one hand at the top half of the garbage bag while placing the other hand on the lower half of the garbage bag If the bag is too heavy for you to lift, you will have to get help. If the bag is too heavy to carry, use a cart to carry/transport the bag

22 Remember Workers must know how their work areas are set up; injuries can happen over time due to uncomfortable postures from leaning over, or working in small areas. If a task seems difficult DO NOT CONTINUE. Get appropriate help or find an easier way.

23 Brenda Strafford Foundation LTD. Policies
references Brenda Strafford Foundation LTD. Policies

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