 # Algebraic Expressions

## Presentation on theme: "Algebraic Expressions"— Presentation transcript:

Algebraic Expressions

Warm Up Change to a Percent Simplify

Like Terms Term- a number, variable, or product of a number and one or more variables Ex.: 3a – 4b + 5 has 3 terms Like Terms- terms with the same variables and the same exponents Ex.: 2x, 3x 4mn, 12mn In the term 3a, 3 is called the numerical coefficient Note: and are NOT like terms

Simplify

Simplify

Simplify

Solving Equations

Solving Equations In this section we are going to learn how to solve linear (or first degree) equations. A linear equation is one in which the exponent on the variable is 1. Example: 5x – 1 = 3 2x + 4 = 6x - 5

Equivalent Equations Equivalent Equations are equations that have the same solution. The following are equivalent equations: 2x – 5 = 1 2x = 6 x = 3

When we solve an equation, we write the equation as a series of simpler equivalent equations until we obtain an equation of the form x = c, where c is some real number.

Isolate the Variable To solve any equation, we have to isolate the variable. That means getting the variable by itself on one side of the equals sign. There are 4 properties we will use to isolate the variable.

You can add the same number to both sides of an equation and the equation remains equivalent.

Example:

Subtraction Property of Equality
You can subtract the same number to both sides of an equation and the equation remains equivalent.

Example:

Multiplication Property of Equality
You can multiply the same number on both sides of an equation and the equation remains equivalent.

Example:

Division Property of Equality
You can divide the same number on both sides of an equation and the equation remains equivalent.

Example:

Procedure to Solve Equations
1. Get rid of fractions. 2. Distribute when needed. 3. Combine like terms on same side of equals. Use the addition/subtraction property. You may have to use it more than once! Solve using either the multiplication property or the division property.

Solve

Solve

Solve

Variables on Both Sides
Your goal is to get the variable on one side of the equals sign and everything else on the other side of the equals sign. Always combine like terms on each side of the equation FIRST!

Example:

Solve

Solve

Grouping Symbols You have to distribute before you combine like terms.

Solve

Solve