3 The Sonnet Forma lyrical poem consisting of 14 lines usually having one of several conventional rhyme schemesThe BREVITY of the form favors concentrated expression of idea or passion.What is the subject matter/theme of sonnets? LOVE – usually unrequited / inaccessibleTWO Groupings:PetrarchanEnglish
4 Petrarchan – The Italian Sonnet Petrarch was an Italian poet who created the sonnet in 14th century. These love poems were addressed to Laura who remained totally indifferent to him.Surrey & Wyatt: share the credit for introducing the form to England
5 Petrarchan Structure: Fourteen linesOne set of eight lines = octaveOne set of six lines = sestetOctave: describes the situationSestet: describes a change in the situationTurn (Volta): name given to the change in the situationRhyme scheme: abbaabba cdecdeOctave Sestet
6 English Sonnets: Shakespearean & Spenserian Both types:use iambic pentameterhave three 4-lines stanzas (quatrain)conclude with a coupletThe theme is usually found in the concluding couplet and sums up the poet’s messageThe three quatrains express related ideas and/or examplesSpenserian:developed by Edmund Spenserrhyme scheme: abab bcbc cdcd eeShakespearean:developed by William Shakespearerhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg
7 Other terminologyMetaphorical Conceit: a fanciful and elaborate figure of speech that makes a surprising connection between two seemingly dissimilar things.Eternizing Conceit: Idea of making someone immortal through writing.
8 Annotation Guide 1. Verse form a. Meter b. Rhyme Scheme 2. Vocabulary 3. Write a summary of the poem4. Literary Devices5. Theme