Presentation on theme: "What is the purpose of the U.S. government?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What is the purpose of the U.S. government? Warm Up:What is the purpose of the U.S. government?
2 Preamble to the Constitution “We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America” – Preamble to the Constitution (page 8)
3 How does the language of the preamble reflect the idea of a social contract? Preamble on pg. 8
5 Classifying Governments Who can participate in governing process?Geographic distribution of power with the stateRelationship between legislative and executive branches of government
6 Who can participate?Democracy- Supreme political authority rest with the peopleDirect Democracy: all voters meet in one place to make laws and decide what actions to take.Representative Democracy - the people elect representatives to carry on the work of government for them.This system of government is called a republic.
7 DictatorshipThose who rule can not be held responsible to the will of the people.Autocracy- Single person holds political powerOligarchy- Power is held by a small, self appointed elite.
9 Geographic Distribution of Power In every system of government, power exists in more than one place, geographically.From the geographic standpoint, 3 forms of government exist:
10 1. Unitary GovernmentAll power of government belongs to a single , centralized agency.Most governments in the world are unitary.All government power is concentrated in central government. That government might not have all the power.Example: In Great Britain the power of the government is limited.
11 2. Federal GovernmentPower is divided between a central government and several local governments.There is a division of powers, some power is held by the central government, some by the local government.
12 3. Confederate Government An alliance of independent states.A central organization handles only those matters that the member states have assigned to it.-this typically includes defense and foreign affairsExample: European Union, the United States under the Articles of Confederation and the Confederate States of America.
13 Relationship between Legislative and Executive Branches This grouping gives two basic forms of government:Presidential and Parliamentary.
14 Presidential Government Features separation of powers between the legislative and executive branches.The branches are independent from each other and equalThe chief executive is chosen independently from the legislature.
15 Parliamentary Government Executive is made up of the Prime Minister or Premier and that officials cabinet.Prime Minister and cabinet officials are members of the legislative branch.The legislature chooses the executive.The executive only has power as long as they have support of a majority of the legislature.
16 Relationship Between Legislative and Executive Branches Chapter 1, Section 2
17 Based on these three categories, what type of government is the United States?