New economy: essence of notions is a block of sectors characterized with greater human capital investment compared to the material factor professional education; information and communication markets; output of innovations; intellectual services professional education; information and communication markets; output of innovations; intellectual services Development of a new economy is one of priority areas of the Russian Federation government policy A new economy
New tendencies in development of science in Russia Fundamentals of the Russian Federation policy of scientific and technological development until the year 2010 and for a longer perspective. Priority areas of science and technology development in the Russian Federation. List of critical technologies of the Russian Federation.
Priorities: Development of fundamental research Innovative development of the economy, creating an effective national innovative system Personnel training and developing university science as an important component of scientific and technological personnel of a knowledge-based economy
Commercialization of Science as a Method of Overcoming a Decline in Science COMMERCIALIZATION OF SCIENCE Recovering lost positions on the world market Reinvestment of funds Maintaining personnel potential Enhancing financial education Increasing the financing of fundamental research Solving acute social problems
Problems of commercialization in Russia Imperfection of the legal framework. Shortage of qualified personnel. Industrys low investment activity. Industrys low innovative activity. Obsolescent physical infrastructure of science.
Government strategy of IP commercialization Substituting the export of raw materials with the export of Russian technologies. Working out legal protection and IP commercialization mechanisms. Promoting the development of a domestic market of technology transfer venture financing. Extending fundamental and applied R&D as the basis for the innovative process.
Universitys Mission Scientific research-training specialists New university mission 1. Academic innovations 2. Know-how services and R&D commercialization
University management Strategic planning Search for additional sources of financing Coordinating educational plans International connections management IP commercialization
System of higher professional education in the Russian Federation 569 higher educational institutions under the jurisdiction of 22 ministries, agencies, and the Russian Federation Government including: 333 universities under the jurisdiction of the Russian Education Ministry 236 higher educational institutions under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Public Health, the Ministry of Culture, etc. 1,067 research labs 702 engineering centers Personnel around 400,000 scientists and teachers, including 37,000 doctors of sciences, 123,000 candidates of sciences, 135,000 graduate students over 6.5 million students
Strategic goal of the Russian school of higher learning – forming an IP commercialization system Higher educational institutions conduct a considerable volume fundamental, exploratory, and applied research in priority areas of science and technology, and create IP. IP potential is an important economy resource that should become a factor of economic development of the school of higher learning. The priority objective of the Russian Education Ministry is boosting the activity of the school of higher learning in the sphere of intellectual property creation and commercialization.
Activity of the Russian Education Ministry in the sphere of IP and innovative policy Special scientific programs have been adopted in 2000- 2003 to study the most acute IP problems. An Expert Council for IP and Innovation has been set up. A Concept of Scientific, Technological, and Innovative Policy in the Russian Educational System has been adopted for 2001-2005. A draft IP Policy Concept of the school of higher learning has been developed. Regulatory acts of the Russian Education Ministry regulating problems of management of IP and innovative activity have been enforced.
Number of computer programs, databases, integral electronic chips topology, and applications to industrial property objects
Number of exhibits of the Russian school of higher learning displayed in 2002
International scientific-technological exhibitions and Invention Salons The Russian Education Ministry presented 60 out of the total of 202 Russian exhibits at international expositions in 2002-2003 Exhibits presented by the Russian Education Ministry at international exhibitions and salons in 2002-2003 were awarded: -35 gold medals; -15 silver medals; - 10 bronze medals.
General regional development tasks solved in cooperation with the school of higher learning developing models and strategies of socioeconomic development of regions systematic evaluation of the resource potential and development of a resource management mechanism forming a scientific-innovative infrastructure employing the innovative potential of the school of higher learning scientific and technological monitoring of the leading sectors of the regional economy analyzing the structure of production potential and its conformity to the most characteristic world economic development trends evaluating the regions scientific and technological potential as a major transformation factor IP commercialization
Problems of commercialization at the Russian universities Lack of target financing of R&D commercialization and IP protection at higher educational institutions. Low level of R&D commercialization. Lack of statistics and monitoring of R&D commercialization activities. Insufficient number of licenses and patents, inconsistent with the volume and scientific level of R&D. Lack of qualified IP commercialization personnel.
Russian school of higher learning IP commercialization objectives Developing methods of legal protection management and commercialization of IP created by universities. Creating an infrastructure necessary for IP commercialization at the regional universities. Creating a multilevel system of personnel training for IP commercialization. Improvement of the legal framework of IP within the Russian system of schools of higher learning. Promoting the formation of multi-channel financing for IP commercialization. Regional policy implementation.
Inter-university scientific and technical programs Innovative activity of the school of higher learning in 2002. The section Innovation of the program Scientific Research of the School of Higher Learning in Priority Areas of Science and Technology in 2001. University innovations and application of intellectual property in 2000. Small business in science and scientific servicing of higher educational institutions in 1998-2000. Invigoration of innovative scientific and technical activity in Russia in 1997-2000. Technology parks and innovations in - 1992-2000.
Scientific and technical program Innovative Activity of the School of Higher Learning 1. Development of the innovative complex infrastructure 2. Innovative scientific-methodological educational projects 3. Innovative scientific and technological projects
Regional innovative system of the school of higher learning Regional innovative venture business market Regional innovative system of the Academy of Sciences Regional innovative system of the military-industrial complex Regional innovative system of industrial branches Regional innovative system (regional cluster, innovative development territory) Regional innovative market. Coordinating administrative authority
Innovative clusters of the national innovative system Russia Region 1 Region N Region 5 Region 4 Region 3 Region 2 - School of higher learning - RAN - Russian Ministry of Industry and Science - Military- Industrial Complex - Ministry of Atomic Energy
Regional university-based innovative system cluster
Interdepartmental cooperation of the Russian Education Ministry Total: 30 agreements
Interdepartmental cooperation program 1. Fundamental research 2. Applied R&D 3. Scientific-educational projects
THE RUSSIAN EDUCATION MINISTRY AND ATOMIC POWER MINISTRY INTERDEPARTMENTAL PROGRAM IS IMPLEMENTED WITH PARTICIPATION OF 66 UNIVERSITIES, IMPLEMENTING PROJECTS IN THE INTERESTS OF 43 SCIENTIFIC-PRODUCTION ORGANIZATIONS OF THE RUSSIAN ATOMIC POWER MINISTRY
Support and development of small business within the Russian school of higher learning is based on the joint decree of the Russian Education Ministry and the Russian MAP of 20.04.2001, the interdepartmental cooperation program between the Russian Education Ministry and the Russian MAP, the scientific & technical program Innovative Activity of the School of Higher Learning; the session of the Russian Education Ministry Collegium is scheduled for 20.01.2004
Innovation centre of new technologies (1,500m 2 ) Zelenograd Innovation Technological Centre (4,200m 2 ) Technological Village (20,000m 2 ) 19 small companies 11 advanced companies 60 advanced companies 400m 2 1,900 m 2 6,100m 2 26,100m 2 3 mid-size companies Business Incubator Technopark (400m 2 ) Research laboratories and manufacturing premises for innovation companies
Small business in Russia There are 900,000 small enterprises in the Russian Federation Employing 12.7 million people - 17.7% of economically active national population. This is considerably less than in developed European countries. The share of employment in small business of European countries is 65.8%.
Small business in Russia Within the system of the Russian school of higher learning, 2 000 small enterprises were operating in 2002; 20 000 new jobs were created. Total financing of the innovative infrastructure equals RUR 11.2 million. Total financing of the innovative infrastructure development by the higher education sector equals RUR 500 million. Extrabudgetary financing totals RUR 400 million.
Fundamental Research and Higher Education Program (BRHE) Financing : MacArthur Foundation, Carnegie Corporation- 50 % Russian Education Ministry- 25 % Regional administration- 25 % BRHE Program implementation period: 1997 - 2012 For the first time : 1) The MacArthur Foundation finances natural sciences 2) The Russian Education Ministry co-finances a joint scientific program
Research – Educational Centers (REC) Integration of scientific research and the education process Development of the experimental basis for advanced scientific research and education Developing international connections Support of young teachers and scientists on competition basis Intellectual property commercialization
Intellectual property commercialization and technology transfer offices under the BRHE Program Competition between 12 REC for TTO creation in 2003 Winners of TTO competition at four universities: SPSU, the Ural STU, the Nizhny Novgorod SU, the Tomsk SU IP commercialization seminar in the USA The goal of the BRHE Program is to create TTO at other REC